Haynes v. Presbyterian Hospital Ass'n, No. 47745

CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Iowa
Writing for the CourtHAYS
Citation45 N.W.2d 151,241 Iowa 1269
Docket NumberNo. 47745
Decision Date12 December 1950
PartiesHAYNES v. PRESBYTERIAN HOSPITAL ASS'N.

Page 151

45 N.W.2d 151
241 Iowa 1269
HAYNES

v.
PRESBYTERIAN HOSPITAL ASS'N.
No. 47745.
Supreme Court of Iowa.
Dec. 12, 1950.

Page 152

John C. Gates, Waterloo, for appellant.

Pike, Sias, Butler & Hoxie, Waterloo, for appellee.

HAYS, Justice.

This appeal presents a single question, namely, Is a charitable institution liable for damages for the negligence of its employees in administering the Charity?

[241 Iowa 1270] The facts are stipulated. Defendant, a corporation not for pecuniary profit and organized under what is now Chapter 504, Code 1946, I.C.A., owns and operates the Presbyterian Hospital at Waterloo, Iowa. Plaintiff, while a paying patient therein, was injured through the alleged negligence of nurses there employed. Plaintiff seeks damages on account thereof. The trial court dismissed his petition and he appeals.

This is not a case of first impression, the identical issue having been before this court on two occasions. In both instances the decision was adverse to plaintiff's claim herein, and in accord with the ruling now before us. Appellant recognizes this fact but asserts that those decisions are not in accord with the modern trend and wrong in principle and asks that we re-examine the question.

The proposition was first before this court in the case of Mikota v. Sisters of Mercy, 1918, 183 Iowa 1378, 168 N.W. 219. There we recognized the great diversity of opinion among the courts on this question and the varied reasons upon which the immunity is based, by those states granting the same. The trust theory, the implied waiver theory, the nonapplicability of the respondeat superior maxim, and the public policy theory were discussed. Without approving, or disapproving, any one of the various theories, we said, 183 Iowa at page 1382, 168 N.W. at page 220, 'We think the great weight of authority is to the effect that an institution of this kind is exempted from liability to one who comes to it and accepts the benefits of its charity, to a patient received for treatment, so far as liability is predicated on the negligence of its servants in administering the charity'. The fact that plaintiff was a pay patient was deemed to be immaterial. Recovery was denied.

The general question of immunity of charitable institutions was next before this court in the case of Andrews v. Young Mens C. A., 1939, 226 Iowa 374, 284 N.W. 186. The case differs from the instant one, in that the plaintiff, a WPA worker working on the defendant's premises, was held not to be a beneficiary of the charity. Liability due to the negligence of defendant's employees was upheld. We will refer to this case later herein.

[241 Iowa 1271] In Servison v. Young Mens C.A., 1941, 230 Iowa 86, 296 N.W. 769, the identical situation was again before this court. In a very brief opinion and with no attempt to analyze the question, or the authorities, this court said, 230 Iowa at page 87, 296 N.W. at page 769, 'That appellant cites a large number of authorities which we are not called on here to analyze. This case is ruled by Mikota v. Sisters of Mercy, 183 Iowa 1378, 168 N.W. 219, which sustains the ruling of a trial court'. Liability was denied.

Thus in the two instances where this precise question has been before this court,

Page 153

it has recognized the great diversity of opinion among the courts on this question, and likewise the varied and different reasons which have been assigned by the courts as a basis for granting immunity. It then accepted what it deemed to be the majority rule, as the rule in Iowa, without determining and adopting a specific basis or reason therefor.

In Andrews v. Young Mens C.A., supra, this court, Justice Bliss speaking, made an exhaustive analysis of the various theories, both pro and con, advanced by the different courts and denied the immunity claim. While the facts therein are different in that the plaintiff was held not to be a beneficiary of the charity, as in the instant case, it is clear that this court deemed the entire question of immunity to be before the court, as it said, 226 Iowa at pages 382-383, 284 N.W. at page 191. 'The appellant claims the right to this exemption and bottoms the existence of this immunity upon all of the above stated theories, advocated as the foundation for it, towit:...

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38 practice notes
  • De Stefano v. Apts. Downtown, Inc., No. 14–0820.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Iowa
    • 6 Mayo 2016
    ...of stare decisis to avoid perpetuating decisional law made obsolete by time.” Id. at 797–98; see Haynes v. Presbyterian Hosp. Ass'n, 241 Iowa 1269, 45 N.W.2d 151 (1950). The Mease opinion is written with confidence, and even verve, on the question of whether to adopt a common law implied wa......
  • Barlow v. Iblings, No. 52664
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Iowa
    • 6 Febrero 1968
    ...183 Iowa 1378, 168 N.W. 219 with Andrews v. Y.M.C.A., 1939, 226 Iowa 374, 284 N.W. 186 and Haynes v. Presbyterian Hospital Ass'n, 1941, 241 Iowa 1269, 45 N.W.2d 151. The doctrine of governmental immunity received rough handling before it was finally laid to rest by the 61st General Assembly......
  • Rabon v. Rowan Memorial Hospital, Inc., No. 605
    • United States
    • North Carolina United States State Supreme Court of North Carolina
    • 20 Enero 1967
    ...for others.' Mississippi Baptist Hosp. v. Holmes, supra, 214 Miss. at 939, 55 So.2d at 156. Accord, Haynes v. Presbyterian Hosp. Assn., 241 Iowa 1269, 45 N.W.2d 151; Adkins v. St. Francis Hosp., In Williams v. Randolph Hospital, supra, this Court concluded that, no matter what the merits an......
  • Flagiello v. Pennsylvania Hospital
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Pennsylvania
    • 22 Marzo 1965
    ...Wheat v. Idaho Falls Latter Day Saints Hospital, 78 Idaho 60, 297 P.2d 1041 (1956); Haynes v. Presbyterian Hospital Ass'n of Iowa, 241 Iowa 1269, 45 N.W.2d 151 (1950); Noel v. Menniger Foundation, 175 Kan. 751, 267 P.2d 934 (1954); Mullikin v. Jewish Hospital Ass'n of Louisville, 348 S.W.2d......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
38 cases
  • De Stefano v. Apts. Downtown, Inc., No. 14–0820.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Iowa
    • 6 Mayo 2016
    ...of stare decisis to avoid perpetuating decisional law made obsolete by time.” Id. at 797–98; see Haynes v. Presbyterian Hosp. Ass'n, 241 Iowa 1269, 45 N.W.2d 151 (1950). The Mease opinion is written with confidence, and even verve, on the question of whether to adopt a common law implied wa......
  • Barlow v. Iblings, No. 52664
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Iowa
    • 6 Febrero 1968
    ...183 Iowa 1378, 168 N.W. 219 with Andrews v. Y.M.C.A., 1939, 226 Iowa 374, 284 N.W. 186 and Haynes v. Presbyterian Hospital Ass'n, 1941, 241 Iowa 1269, 45 N.W.2d 151. The doctrine of governmental immunity received rough handling before it was finally laid to rest by the 61st General Assembly......
  • Rabon v. Rowan Memorial Hospital, Inc., No. 605
    • United States
    • North Carolina United States State Supreme Court of North Carolina
    • 20 Enero 1967
    ...for others.' Mississippi Baptist Hosp. v. Holmes, supra, 214 Miss. at 939, 55 So.2d at 156. Accord, Haynes v. Presbyterian Hosp. Assn., 241 Iowa 1269, 45 N.W.2d 151; Adkins v. St. Francis Hosp., In Williams v. Randolph Hospital, supra, this Court concluded that, no matter what the merits an......
  • Flagiello v. Pennsylvania Hospital
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Pennsylvania
    • 22 Marzo 1965
    ...Wheat v. Idaho Falls Latter Day Saints Hospital, 78 Idaho 60, 297 P.2d 1041 (1956); Haynes v. Presbyterian Hospital Ass'n of Iowa, 241 Iowa 1269, 45 N.W.2d 151 (1950); Noel v. Menniger Foundation, 175 Kan. 751, 267 P.2d 934 (1954); Mullikin v. Jewish Hospital Ass'n of Louisville, 348 S.W.2d......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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