Holcombe v. Pierce, 1 Div. 394

Citation43 So.2d 640,253 Ala. 173
Decision Date22 December 1949
Docket Number1 Div. 394
PartiesHOLCOMBE, Sheriff, v. PIERCE.
CourtSupreme Court of Alabama

Page 640

43 So.2d 640
253 Ala. 173
HOLCOMBE, Sheriff,
1 Div. 394.
Supreme Court of Alabama.
Dec. 22, 1949.

[253 Ala. 174]

Page 641

A. A. Carmichael, Atty. Gen., and M. Roland Nachman, Jr., Asst. Atty. Gen., for appellant.

Outlaw, Seale & Kilborn, Mobile, for appellee.

FOSTER, Justice.

This case comes to us on appeal from a final declaratory judgment of the Circuit Court, in Equity, of Mobile County, wherein that court held that Act No. 199 of the Legislature of 1949, approved July 8, 1949, is unconstitutional insofar as it undertakes to amend section 201, Title 15 of the 1940 Code of Alabama.

The particular ground upon which this result was reached is that it violates section 45 of the Constitution, for that such amendment was not germane to the subject matter of section 201, supra, as the same appears in the Code. The aprticular matter added to section 201 by the amendment is the following:

'Provided however that each person, engaged in the business of making bonds and charging therefor, except corporations qualified to do a bonding business in this State, shall in addition to all other requirements of this section, be required as a part of the qualifications of bail to furnish bond with a corporate surety authorized to act as surety on bonds in this State in the amount of ten thousand dollars to be approved by the probate judge of the county in which such person is to engage in the business of so making bonds, said bond to be conditioned to guarantee the payment of all sums of money that may be due to the State of Alabama or any political subdivision thereof by virtue of any judgment absolute being rendered against said person or persons as surety on said bond or bonds.'

The title to the Act is 'To amend Chapter 9, Title 15, Code of Alabama 1940, relating to bail.' That chapter contains six articles extending from section 185 to 218, inclusive. The Act No. 199 undertakes to rewrite and re-enact that whole chapter. Each section in that chapter is included in the enactment.

The only changes made in the law as it appears in the Code are the amendment to section 201 by adding the provision which we have copied and by adding article 4-A consisting of four sections from 207 to 210, inclusive. Sections 207 to 210, supra, as they appear in the Code are brought forward in the Act as sections 211, 212, 213 and 214 without change in them.

By the addition of the fur sections under article 4-A, the last four sections of Chapter 9 were renumbered by the Act No. 199 so that they are sections 219, 220, 221 and 222, inclusive. Therefore under the amendment, Chapter 9 of Title 15 has four sections numbered from 219 to 222, inclusive, and Chapter 10 of Title 15 likewise has four sections numbered from 219 to 222, inclusive.

The only substantial amendment to chapter 9 by the Act in question is the addition of the new matter to section 201, supra, and the addition of the four sections under article 4-A, thus adding other new matter under the four section numbers which in the Code had referred to different matter but which was retained in chapter 9 under sections numbered from 211 to 214, inclusive.

The trial court in its decree did not determine the effect of the Act to the extent that it thereby gives the same numbers to different sections of the Code, so that sections 219 to 222, inclusive, of Title 15, thereby have two applications, one being in chapter 9 and the other in chapter...

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