Ill. Cent. R.R. Co. v. Carraher

CourtSupreme Court of Illinois
Citation47 Ill. 333,1868 WL 4988
Decision Date30 June 1868

47 Ill. 333
1868 WL 4988 (Ill.)


Supreme Court of Illinois.

June Term, 1868.

Appeal from the Circuit Court of Alexander county; the Hon. JOHN OLNEY, Judge, presiding.

The opinion states the case.

Messrs. GREEN & GILBERT, for the appellant.

Mr. D. T. LINEGAR, for the appellee.

Mr. JUSTICE WALKER delivered the opinion of the Court:

This was an action on the case, brought by Peter Carraher, in the Alexander Circuit Court, against the Illinois Central Railroad Company. The grounds of recovery are, that the company knowingly permitted a well to remain uncovered on their right of way, and that appellee rode his mule into it, whereby the mule was killed, and he sustained loss and damage thereby. The evidence shows that appellee did ride his

[47 Ill. 334]

mule into such a well, situated about fifty feet from the track of the road, and that it was killed. The evidence does not seem to establish the fact that the well was on the right of way of appellants, or that their agents knew of its existence.

On the trial below, appellants asked the court to instruct the jury, that, “if a well dug on the ground owned by defendant, by third parties, without its knowledge or consent, and said well remained uncovered without the knowledge of defendant, the defendant is not guilty.” We are at a loss to perceive why this instruction was refused. If, as the instruction states, the well was dug by third parties, without the knowledge or consent of the company, and it remained uncovered, without their knowing of its existence, we are at a loss to perceive how the company could be held liable for carelessness or a neglect of duty. This action proceeds upon the ground that appellants had omitted some duty imposed by law. The statute has not imposed such a duty as appellee claims, and we are aware of no common law duty requiring them to employ hands to search for such places on their right of way, and, when found, to cover them.

The act requiring such bodies to fence their roads, was adopted for a different purpose. It designed to protect the traveling community from accidents occasioned by stock getting upon the road, and also to prevent damage to such stock. They were not required to fence their right of way to prevent cattle from falling into wells, pits or morasses. Hence the common law is still in force, so far as it regards losses from such causes. In the absence of statutory requirement, such bodies are only, as a...

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17 cases
  • Barney v. The Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad Company
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Missouri
    • January 9, 1895
    ...recognizes no such obligation. And railroad corporations stand, in this regard, on the same footing as individuals. Railroad v. Carraher, 47 Ill. 333; Hughes v. Railroad, 66 Mo. 325; Hayes v. Railroad, 111 U.S. 228, 28 L.Ed. 410, 4 S.Ct. 369. It is well settled in this state that railroad c......
  • Barney v. Hannibal & St. J. R. Co.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Missouri
    • December 18, 1894 such obligation, and railroad corporations stand in this regard on the same footing as individuals. Railroad Co. v. Carraher, 47 Ill. 333; Hughes v. Railroad Co., 66 Mo. 325; Hayes v. Railroad Co., 111 U. S. 228, 4 Sup. Ct. 369. It is well settled in this state that railroad companies ar......
  • Missouri, K. & T. Ry. Co. v. Orr, (No. 11130.)
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas
    • April 4, 1925
    ...v. Kriksey (see this case for citation of authorities and discussion of the subject) 48 Ark. 366, 3 S. W. 190; Railroad Co. v. Carraher, 47 Ill. 333." In Brown v. M., K. & T. Ry. Co. (Tex. Civ. App.) 69 S. W. 178, it is "In order for appellee to be liable under the allegations, it must not ......
  • Smith v. Chi., N. S. & M. R. R.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Wisconsin
    • April 3, 1923
    ...other than a domestic animal at a point where the track is unfenced does not seem to have been decided. In Ill. Cent. R. Co. v. Carraher, 47 Ill. 333, an amimal had fallen into a well in the right of way of defendant which was not fenced. It was held that the company could not be held liabl......
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