In re C.B., No. 4-06-1077.

CourtUnited States Appellate Court of Illinois
Writing for the CourtMcCullough
Citation898 N.E.2d 252
PartiesIn re Jonathan C.B., a Minor (The People of the State of Illinois, Petitioner-Appellee, v. Jonathan C.B., Respondent-Appellant).
Decision Date18 November 2008
Docket NumberNo. 4-06-1077.
898 N.E.2d 252
In re Jonathan C.B., a Minor (The People of the State of Illinois, Petitioner-Appellee, v. Jonathan C.B., Respondent-Appellant).
No. 4-06-1077.
Appellate Court of Illinois, Fourth District.
November 18, 2008.

[898 N.E.2d 254]

Justice McCULLOUGH delivered the opinion of the court.


The trial court adjudicated respondent, Jonathan C.B., a delinquent minor, finding him guilty of criminal sexual assault (720 ILCS 5/12-13(a)(1) (West 2004)) and attempt (robbery) (720 ILCS 5/8-4(a), 18-1 (West 2004)), and ordered him to be committed to the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice for an indeterminate term to automatically terminate upon the first of the passage of 15 years or respondent attaining the age of 21. Respondent appeals, arguing (1) the State failed to prove him guilty of criminal sexual assault beyond a reasonable doubt; (2) his due-process rights were violated when he was shackled during his bench trial; and (3) section 5-101(3) of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987(Act) (705 ILCS 405/5-101(3) (West 2004)), as applied to juveniles charged with sex offenses, is unconstitutional because it denies juveniles the right to a jury trial. We affirm.

On August 24, 2006, the State filed a supplemental petition for adjudication of wardship, alleging respondent was a delinquent minor and charging him with criminal sexual assault (720 ILCS 5/12-13(a)(1) (West 2004)) and attempt (robbery) (720 ILCS 5/8-4(a), 18-1 (West 2004)). On August 30, 2006, respondent's bench trial began. At respondent's trial, the State presented evidence that during the late evening on July 10, 2006, and the early morning on July 11, 2006, respondent, who was 16 years old, and another minor,

898 N.E.2d 255

G.W., sexually assaulted and attempted to rob 45-year-old C.H. Respondent's theory of the case was that he and G.W. paid C.H. $40 for sex and then attempted to retrieve their money.

C.H. testified that at approximately 11:30 p.m. on July 10, 2006, she left her home to make a phone call at her friend Donnie Stewart's house. As she walked to Stewart's house, she was approached by a tall boy and a shorter, younger boy. C.H. identified respondent as the taller boy. She stated the shorter boy commented to her "I have three for one." She told him he should be home in bed and respondent told C.H. that the shorter boy was his brother and she was not to speak to him that way. C.H. testified the boys made her uncomfortable and she continued on her way.

C.H. arrived at Stewart's house and used his phone. She remained there approximately 10 minutes and then left to return home. As she was walking home, she heard footsteps behind her and saw respondent and a second boy. The second boy was not the same boy from the earlier encounter and C.H. described him as being short and stout. C.H. testified the boys called to her and respondent asked her if she wanted a drink. She stated he raised the garage door on a nearby duplex using a button and asked her to come toward the garage. C.H. declined and respondent let the garage door down. He then suggested they go have a drink at the back of the house. C.H. testified the shorter boy grabbed her arm and pulled her behind the house. She was pushed to her knees and felt respondent, who was behind her, put his penis in her vagina. The shorter boy placed his penis in C.H.'s mouth. C.H. stated she fought back to no avail and was screaming. During the attack, her bra and shirt were torn.

C.H. testified she saw people across the street but no one helped her. A boy walked by and asked what was happening. C.H. stated the shorter boy became startled and let go of her. She was able to get away but slipped and fell. C.H. then saw her friend Keisha driving by and asked her for help. Keisha drove an orange or gold vehicle that was "maybe like a truck." According to C.H., respondent told Keisha not to let C.H. in Keisha's vehicle because the police were coming and Keisha did not let her in. Respondent presented testimony from Takesha Williams, who stated she drove an orange Pontiac Aztec, which she described as a "funny-made truck." She was acquainted with C.H. but denied that C.H. approached her and asked for a ride on the date of the alleged offenses. Instead, Williams asserted she was at her home with her children.

C.H. testified that, after being denied entry into Keisha's vehicle, she continued on and was able to get to a tree near the back of her house. At that point, respondent hit her on the back of her head and knocked her down. C.H. stated she always carried a pocketknife with her when she was out after dark and respondent yelled at her to "drop the knife." Respondent also put his foot on her left arm and held it down. The other boy started stomping on C.H.'s head.

C.H. testified she saw a light and heard a male voice say "let her go." The male voice belonged to a police officer. C.H. testified an ambulance also arrived at the scene. She received medical care for injuries to her arm. C.H. also reported that her stomach hurt. She refused to go to the hospital. Further, C.H. acknowledged that she did not tell police she had been sexually assaulted but stated she did report the sexual assault to paramedics.

Sarah Ramey, a paramedic employed by Arrow Carle Ambulance, testified that, in

898 N.E.2d 256

the early morning hours of July 11, 2006, she and her partner were dispatched to C.H.'s location. Ramey observed C.H., whom she described as hysterical, crying, and having trouble breathing. C.H. appeared to be intimidated by men on the scene and immediately reached for Ramey. C.H. stated she wanted to go home but agreed to go into the ambulance so Ramey could check her injuries. As Ramey helped C.H. to the ambulance, C.H. whispered to Ramey that C.H. "was raped." Ramey testified she observed abrasions on both of C.H.'s elbows and a shoe print on her left arm. C.H. also had some tenderness in her abdomen. Ramey stated she pleaded with C.H. to go to the hospital but C.H. refused.

Destiny Nesbitt testified she was respondent's cousin and was with him on the evening of July 10, 2006. At about 10:45 p.m., respondent asked for $40 because there were some girls in the neighborhood and he needed money. Nesbitt gave respondent the money and then went to sleep at approximately 11 p.m. Shortly after 1 a.m., Nesbitt's boyfriend spoke with respondent on the phone. During that conversation, respondent stated he had "hit a hype," which she understood to mean he hit a drug addict. Ultimately, Nesbitt learned the police were looking for respondent.

Nesbitt testified she lived in a duplex at 2701A Campbell Drive. A woman named Pooker lived on the other side of the duplex, 2701B, with her five children, including G.W. The duplex had a garage, which Nesbitt also rented. She testified a key was required to get inside the garage and that it always stayed locked. On the night of the incident, Nesbitt learned respondent was inside Pooker's residence and attempted to persuade him to leave the residence and talk with police.

Sheriff's deputy Andrew Good testified that, on July 10, 2006, he was working as a patrol officer on the midnight shift. Around 1:15 a.m. he heard screaming and observed two males standing over a female. The males were screaming at the female and appeared to be striking her with their fists or hands. Good heard the males saying "Give me the money," and "Where is the bread." The female asked the males to stop hitting her and stated she did not have any money. Good also heard her tell the males to "put the knife down."

Good testified he observed the female stand up and run in his direction with the two males chasing her. He drew his weapon, pointed his flashlight in their direction, identified himself as a sheriff's deputy, and ordered them to stop. The two males turned and ran in the opposite direction. Good observed that the female was wearing a tank top that was torn, exposing her bra strap. Her bra was also torn and her pants were soiled in the crotch area. Good described her as hysterical and stated it was hard to get information from her. At first, the female stated she had been raped and the two males had a gun. Good saw that her elbows and arms were scratched and her elbows were bleeding.

Ultimately, the female was able to tell police where her attackers came from. She described a duplex with a large tree in the front yard. Police went to a residence at 2701 Campbell Drive but were unable to immediately make entry. They tried contacting people inside the residence and eventually someone opened the door and they were able to take custody of two suspects, G.W. and respondent. A show-up identification was conducted. Good heard respondent state that he and G.W. "just went up to help her" but they "saw the police and * * * ran." Eventually,

898 N.E.2d 257

G.W. and respondent were arrested and transported to a detention center. Good described G.W. as being "five five" and weighing 160 pounds and respondent as being "five two" and weighing 115 pounds.

Sheriff's deputy Norman Meeker testified that on July 10, 2006, he was working the 11 p.m. to 7 a.m. shift and was dispatched to the area of the incident in question to assist with a fight. Later, the nature of the dispatch changed and he was informed that it was an armed robbery. He was provided with descriptions of the suspects and the direction they were traveling. He began walking on Campbell Drive alongside houses. At 2701A Campbell, he heard someone talking on the phone, saying "they better have their [$40]."

Meeker continued to watch the duplex and observed the front door on one side open and close approximately five times. Eventually, he made contact with Nesbitt from 2701A. She stated she was getting her cousin, whom she identified as respondent. Nesbitt stated she was supposed to be watching respondent and at about 1:15 a.m. she received a phone call from him and he stated "he just hit a hype." She stated respondent was on the other...

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3 practice notes
  • People v. Jonathon C.B. (In re Jonathon C.B.), No. 107750.
    • United States
    • Illinois Supreme Court
    • November 28, 2011
    ...of age. On appeal, the appellate court affirmed the adjudication, with one justice dissenting. 386 Ill.App.3d 735, 325 Ill.Dec. 519, 898 N.E.2d 252. ¶ 2 This court granted Jonathon's petition for leave to appeal. Ill. S.Ct. R. 315 (eff.Feb.26, 2010). We now affirm the judgment of the appell......
  • Porter v. City of Chicago, No. 1-06-1438.
    • United States
    • United States Appellate Court of Illinois
    • July 31, 2009
    ...its judgment for that of the trial court even if that judgment would be different. In re C.B., 386 Ill.App.3d 735, 744, 325 Ill.Dec. 519, 898 N.E.2d 252 (2008) (finding that it is not the function of a reviewing court to reweigh the evidence previously and properly considered by circuit cou......
  • In re Jonathan C.B., No. 107750.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Illinois
    • March 1, 2009
    ...668 IN RE JONATHAN C.B. No. 107750. Supreme Court of Illinois. March Term, 2009. Appeal from the 386 Ill.App.3d 735, 325 Ill.Dec. 519, 898 N.E.2d 252. Disposition of petition for leave to appeal.* * For Cumulative Leave to Appeal Tables see preliminary pages of advance sheets and Annual Ill......
3 cases
  • People v. Jonathon C.B. (In re Jonathon C.B.), No. 107750.
    • United States
    • Illinois Supreme Court
    • November 28, 2011
    ...of age. On appeal, the appellate court affirmed the adjudication, with one justice dissenting. 386 Ill.App.3d 735, 325 Ill.Dec. 519, 898 N.E.2d 252. ¶ 2 This court granted Jonathon's petition for leave to appeal. Ill. S.Ct. R. 315 (eff.Feb.26, 2010). We now affirm the judgment of the appell......
  • Porter v. City of Chicago, No. 1-06-1438.
    • United States
    • United States Appellate Court of Illinois
    • July 31, 2009
    ...its judgment for that of the trial court even if that judgment would be different. In re C.B., 386 Ill.App.3d 735, 744, 325 Ill.Dec. 519, 898 N.E.2d 252 (2008) (finding that it is not the function of a reviewing court to reweigh the evidence previously and properly considered by circuit cou......
  • In re Jonathan C.B., No. 107750.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Illinois
    • March 1, 2009
    ...668 IN RE JONATHAN C.B. No. 107750. Supreme Court of Illinois. March Term, 2009. Appeal from the 386 Ill.App.3d 735, 325 Ill.Dec. 519, 898 N.E.2d 252. Disposition of petition for leave to appeal.* * For Cumulative Leave to Appeal Tables see preliminary pages of advance sheets and Annual Ill......

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