In re C.N., 22-0061

CourtSupreme Court of West Virginia
PartiesIn re C.N.
Decision Date12 May 2022
Docket Number22-0061

In re C.N.

No. 22-0061

Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia

May 12, 2022

Calhoun County 20-JA-32


Petitioner Mother A.K., by counsel Leslie L. Maze, appeals the Circuit Court of Calhoun County's December 23, 2021, order terminating her parental rights to C.N.[1] The West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources ("DHHR"), by counsel Patrick Morrisey and Katica Ribel, filed a response in support of the circuit court's order. The guardian ad litem, Tony Morgan, filed a response on behalf of the child in support of the circuit court's order. On appeal, petitioner argues that the circuit court erred in terminating her parental rights without first granting her an improvement period.[2]


This Court has considered the parties' briefs and the record on appeal. The facts and legal arguments are adequately presented, and the decisional process would not be significantly aided by oral argument. Upon consideration of the standard of review, the briefs, and the record presented, the Court finds no substantial question of law and no prejudicial error. For these reasons, a memorandum decision affirming the circuit court's order is appropriate under Rule 21 of the Rules of Appellate Procedure.

In October of 2020, the DHHR filed a petition alleging that petitioner and the father engaged in domestic violence in the child's presence, including an incident in which the father bit the mother's ear and caused it to bleed. The petition also alleged that petitioner exposed the child to inappropriate individuals and known drug users. Finally, the petition alleged that petitioner abused drugs. According to the petition, petitioner attempted to submit to a drug screen but could not produce a urine specimen and repeatedly vomited. Due to concerns about withdrawal, the technician administering the screen sent petitioner to the emergency room. Based on the foregoing, the DHHR alleged that petitioner abused and neglected the child.

At an adjudicatory hearing in December of 2020, petitioner stipulated to the allegations against her, including that her substance abuse negatively affected her ability to parent and that she exposed the child to domestic violence. Accordingly, the circuit court adjudicated petitioner as an abusive and neglectful parent.

Thereafter, petitioner filed a motion for a post-adjudicatory improvement period. However, that motion was held in abeyance after petitioner was accepted into Family Treatment Court in April of 2021. Unfortunately, petitioner was removed from Family Treatment Court roughly sixty days later. During the hearing on petitioner's removal, the probation officer who worked with petitioner in the program testified that petitioner violated several rules of the program, including permitting an individual to stay in her home despite the fact that he was on parole and previously had his parental rights to his own child terminated. During the hearing, petitioner testified that she "never wanted to do" Family Treatment Court but "kind of just got pushed into it because of [her] old lawyer." When asked if she had previously stipulated to being an abusive and neglectful parent, petitioner responded, "[n]o, I'm not." Later in her testimony, petitioner was unequivocal and stated, "I've never abused or neglected my son at all, ever." Petitioner went on to assert that her stipulation "was over domestic violence" and that she "never did drugs around [her] son." Petitioner also admitted to being in a sexual relationship with the individual found in her home. During her testimony, despite admitting to certain violations, petitioner blamed personnel from the treatment court, claiming that she "ha[d] a feeling they don't like" her and that they harassed her.


In November of 2021, the court held the final dispositional hearing and denied petitioner's motion to reinstate her visits with the child, which had been suspended after the child engaged in self-harm following visits. During the hearing, the court took judicial notice of petitioner's testimony from the hearing on her removal from Family Treatment Court. Petitioner presented three witnesses on her behalf in regard to her participation with services. According to the court, petitioner's witnesses "all outlined problems with [petitioner's] . . . participation in services and her failure to acknowledge the issues which caused the case to be filed." Additionally, other witnesses discussed petitioner's refusal to accept substance abuse treatment and her violation of the rules of supervised visitation, including that petitioner was suspected of being under the influence of drugs at some visits. According to one witness, petitioner consistently blamed others for her problems.

The court also found it "most significant" that petitioner testified that she "never really abused or neglected" the child and that she admitted to doing drugs but believed that her "case is over domestic violence, not drugs." In regard to petitioner's motion for an improvement period, the court found that petitioner "failed to acknowledge her drug addiction has negatively impacted her ability to parent, and in fact, she now recants her sworn admissions made at the adjudicatory hearing." According to the court, petitioner's testimony "reveals a lack of even a basic appreciation for the harm she has caused her son." The court further found that petitioner was given the opportunity to address her issues through Family Treatment Court but "failed miserably," as she was removed within two months and claimed that she was harassed in that program. According to the court, although petitioner sought services after her removal from that program, "it is apparent that she is merely 'going through the motions' of trying to show she will participate and she has not been honest with those who are providing services." As such, the court denied petitioner's motion. The court further found that this evidence supported findings that there was no reasonable likelihood that petitioner could substantially correct the conditions of abuse and neglect in the near future and that termination of her rights...

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