In re Est. of Clute v. Clute, No. 20074.

CourtCourt of Appeal of Missouri (US)
Writing for the CourtSperry
Citation161 S.W.2d 705
PartiesIN RE: ESTATE OF G.V. CLUTE, DECEASED, GEORGE N. CLUTE, ADMINISTRATOR, RESPONDENT, v. WALTER F. CLUTE, APPELLANT.
Decision Date06 April 1942
Docket NumberNo. 20074.
161 S.W.2d 705
IN RE: ESTATE OF G.V. CLUTE, DECEASED, GEORGE N. CLUTE, ADMINISTRATOR, RESPONDENT,
v.
WALTER F. CLUTE, APPELLANT.
No. 20074.
Kansas City Court of Appeals, Missouri.
April 6, 1942.

Appeal from Clinton Circuit Court. — Hon. R.B. Bridgeman, Judge.

AFFIRMED.

R.H. Musser for appellant.

(1) The probate court is not by law vested with jurisdiction to order the sale of the fee of a homestead subject to the rights of the widow, or to affect the rights of the homesteader's heirs or devisees. (a) Dennis v. Gorman, 289 Mo. 1, 233 S.W. 50; Balance v. Gordon, 247 Mo. 124, 152 S.W. 358; Broyles v. Cox, 153 Mo. 242, 54 S.W. 488; Powell's Estate, 157 Mo. 156, 57 S.W. 717; Armour v. Lewis, 252 Mo. 574, 161 S.W. 251; Ehlers v. Potter, 219 S.W. 916; Boward's Estate, 231 S.W. 600. (b) Sec. 618, R.S. Mo. 1939; Daniels v. Peck, 288 S.W. 84; Dalton v. Simpson, 270 Mo. 287, 193 S.W. 546; Rombauer Estate, 256 S.W. 1066; McMichael v. Reese, 194 Mo. App. 363, 190 S.W. 51; (c) Regan v. Ensley, 222 S.W. 773; Sec. 612, R.S. Mo. 1939; Maupin v. Longacre, 288 S.W. 54, 58; Bank of Hartsburg v. Sapp, 73 S.W. (2d) 294; Nettleton Bank v. McGaughey's Est., 2 S.W. (2d) 771; Same Case, 11 S.W. (2d) 1093; Kelley v. Parnman, 282 S.W. 755; Johnson v. Adams, 7 S.W. (2d) 1010. (d) Sec. 612, R.S. Mo. 1939; Moore v. Mansfield, 286 S.W. 353, 355; Jordan v. Rudliff, 264 Mo. 129, 174 S.W. 806; Smith v. Phillips, 289 Mo. 597, 233 S.W. 413; Hall v. Hall, 145 S.W. (2d) 752; Kaye v. Politte, 129 S.W. 864. (2) The court was without jurisdiction to direct the sale of the fee or entire homestead, there being no excess value shown to exist therein. (a) Sec. 106, R.S. Mo. 1939. (b) Walter v. Goodsill, 54 Mo. App. 634; Hall v. Morgan, 79 Mo. 52; Bredell v. Real Estate Co., 95 Mo. App. 676, 69 S.W. 635; 7 Words and Phrases (1 Ed.), sec. 6712; 4 Words and Phrases (2 Ser.), 733; Hannibal Trust Co. v. Elgea, 286 S.W. (5) 376; Gratz v. Scenic Ry. Co., 165 Mo. 219. (3) In overruling the appellant's motion for new trial, authorities hereinbefore cited. (4) The probate court nor the circuit court, are by law, vested with jurisdiction to order the sale of the fee of a homestead, subject to the rights of the widow, or to affect the rights of the homesteader's heirs or devisees. Dennis v. Gorman, 233 S.W. 50, 289 Mo. 1; Armour v. Lewis, 252 Mo. 582, 161 S.W. 254; Balance v. Gordon, 247 Mo. 124, 152 S.W. 358; Broyles v. Cox, 153 Mo. 242, 54 S.W. 488; Powell's Estate, 157 Mo. 156, 57 S.W. 717; Armour v. Lewis, 252 Mo. 574, 161 S.W. 251; Ehlers v. Potter, 219 S.W. 916; Boward's Estate, 231 S.W. 600. (b) Under Sec. 618, R.S. Mo. 1939, a homestead can only be sold by an order of the circuit court, being the only provisions of the law authorizing such a sale. Daniels v. Peck, 288 S.W. 84; Dalton v. Simpson, 270 Mo. 287, 193 S.W. 546; Rombauer Estate, 256 S.W. 1066; McMichael v. Reese, 194 Mo. App. 363, 190 S.W. 51; Regan v. Ensley, 222 S.W. 773; Maupin v. Longacre, 288 S.W. 54, 58; Bank of Hartsburg v. Sapp, 73 S.W. (2d) 294; Nettleton Bank v. McGaughey's Est., 2 S.W. (2d) 771; Same Case, 11 S.W. (2d) 1093; Kelley v. Parnman, 282 S.W. 755; Johnson v. Adams, 7 S.W. (2d) 1010. Sec. 612, R.S. Mo. 1939, the widow surviving the head of the family acquires a homestead during her natural life or widowhood, and, after her remarriage or death, this homestead passes to the heirs of the husband. Moore v. Mansfield, 286 S.W. 353, 355; Jordan v. Rudliff, 264 Mo. 1929, 174 S.W. 806; Smith v. Phillips, 289 Mo. 597, 233 S.W. 413; Hall v. Hall, 145 S.W. (2d) 752; Kaye v. Politte, 129 S.W. 864. The words, "subject to," mean that a deed with such words of qualification is affected by encumbrances. Hall v. Morgan, 79 Mo. 52; Bredell v. Real Estate Company, 69 S.W. 635, 95 Mo. App. 676; 7 Words and Phrases (1 Ed.), sec. 6712; 4 Words and Phrases (2 Ser.), sec. 733; Hannibal Trust Co. v. Elgea, 286 S.W. (5) 376; Gratz v. Scenic Ry. Co., 165 Mo. 219; Walker v. Goodsill, 54 Mo. App. 634.

Frank W. Armstrong for respondent.

(1) The administration law provides that the probate court can order a sale of the homestead tract subject to the widow's homestead rights to get funds to pay widow's allowance for support. Nettleton Bank v. McGaughey's Estate, 2 S.W. (2d) 771, 772; Sec. 106, R.S. 1919, as amended by Laws of 1921, p. 111. Sale for widow's allowance for support is probably good, subject to homestead rights. 11 S.W. (2d) 1093; Gill on Missouri Titles (3 Ed.), sec. 1083, p. 510, sec. 1161, p. 536; R.S. 1929, sec. 107; Acts 1921, sec. 111, 2 S.W. (2d) 771, 11 S.W. (2d) 1093. (2) The husband cannot, by will, deprive his surviving widow of the money allowed for her year's support. Sec. 106, R.S. 1939, as amended 1933, p. 164; Monahan v. Monahan's Estate, 89 S.W. (2d) 155, par. 1, and cases cited; Briscoe v. Merchants and Miners Bank, 102 S.W. (2d) 751, 754. An antenuptial contract does not bar the widow's bounties, unless the contract specifically covers the items in the bounty statutes. Cavener v. Cavener's Estate, 95 S.W. (2d) 341; Williams v. Schneider et al., 1 S.W. (2d) 230; Coulter v. Lyda, 102 Mo. App. 401; Lowe v. Lowe, 163 Mo. App. 209; Flynn v. Kinealy et al., 228 Mo. App. 1197, 67 S.W. (2d) 771. "The widow's rights are first even to the costs of administration." In re Estate Ulrici, 177 Mo. App. 592. (3) Since the amendment of the homestead law in 1907 homestead property can be sold, even to pay...

To continue reading

Request your trial
1 practice notes
  • Rodewald v. Rodewald, No. 45209
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Missouri
    • January 14, 1957
    ...made subject to any homestead rights in the real estate * * * sold * * *.' (Emphasis supplied.) In re Clute's Estate, 236 Mo.App. 1030, 161 S.W.2d 705, 706, held that probate courts have jurisdiction to order a sale of the homestead to pay the allowance for the year's support of the widow a......
2 cases
  • In re Clute's Estate
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Kansas
    • April 6, 1942
    ...161 S.W.2d 705 236 Mo.App. 1030 IN RE: ESTATE OF G. V. CLUTE, DECEASED, GEORGE N. CLUTE, ADMINISTRATOR, RESPONDENT, v. WALTER F. CLUTE, APPELLANT Court of Appeals of Missouri, Kansas CityApril 6, Appeal from Clinton Circuit Court.--Hon. R. B. Bridgeman, Judge. AFFIRMED. Judgment affirmed. R......
  • Rodewald v. Rodewald, 45209
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Missouri
    • January 14, 1957
    ...made subject to any homestead rights in the real estate * * * sold * * *.' (Emphasis supplied.) In re Clute's Estate, 236 Mo.App. 1030, 161 S.W.2d 705, 706, held that probate courts have jurisdiction to order a sale of the homestead to pay the allowance for the year's support of the widow a......

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT