In re Parker, Bankruptcy No. 05-89953-DTE.

CourtUnited States Bankruptcy Courts. Second Circuit. U.S. Bankruptcy Court — Eastern District of New York
Writing for the CourtDorothy Eisenberg
Citation399 B.R. 577
PartiesIn re Permell PARKER, Debtor. Allan B. Mendelsohn, as Chapter 7 Trustee of the Estate of Permell Parker, Plaintiff, v. Paragon Mortgage Bankers Corp., Anthony N. Focarile, Anamaria Hurtado, and Tracey Groomes, Defendants.
Decision Date27 January 2009
Docket NumberAdversary No. 07-8267-DTE.,Bankruptcy No. 05-89953-DTE.
399 B.R. 577
In re Permell PARKER, Debtor.
Allan B. Mendelsohn, as Chapter 7 Trustee of the Estate of Permell Parker, Plaintiff,
v.
Paragon Mortgage Bankers Corp., Anthony N. Focarile, Anamaria Hurtado, and Tracey Groomes, Defendants.
Bankruptcy No. 05-89953-DTE.
Adversary No. 07-8267-DTE.
United States Bankruptcy Court, E.D. New York.
January 27, 2009.

Page 578

David A. Blansky, LaMonica Herbst & Maniscalco LLP, Wantagh, N.Y., for Plaintiff.

Howard R. Birnbach, Great Neck, N.Y., for Defendants Paragon Mortgage Bankers Corp., Anthony N. Focarile, and Anamaria Hurtado.

Jerry M. Mimms, Patchogue, NY, for Defendant Tracey Groomes.

MEMORANDUM DECISION

DOROTHY EISENBERG, Bankruptcy Judge.


On October 16, 2005 (the "Filing Date"), Permell Parker (the "Debtor") filed a voluntary Chapter 7 petition for relief under the Bankruptcy Code ("Code"). Allan B. Mendelsohn, Esq. was appointed as the Chapter 7 Trustee ("Trustee"), and he commenced the instant adversary proceeding against the Defendants on October 11, 2007. The Complaint seeks to recover the transfer of the Debtor's interest in surplus money proceeds realized from a foreclosure sale of the Debtor's real property.

The Court has jurisdiction over this action under 28 U.S.C. §§ 157 and 1334, and Bankruptcy Rule 6009 and 7001. This action is a core proceeding under 28 U.S.C. § 157(b)(2)(A), (E), (H), and (O). Under 28 U.S.C. § 1409(a) the Court is the proper venue for this proceeding.

BACKGROUND

Prior to June 11, 2004 the Debtor was the fee simple owner of the real property located at 71 Midwood Road, West Babylon, N.Y. 11704 (the "Real Property"). The Debtor resided at the Real Property with Defendant Tracey Groomes ("Groomes"), who is the Debtor's wife, and their two children. At some time prior to 2000, the Debtor became injured and fell

Page 579

behind in his monthly mortgage payments. Thereafter in 2000 the mortgagee commenced a foreclosure action on the Real Property in Suffolk County, New York. On February 13, 2002 a judgment of foreclosure was entered against the Debtor for $139,498.85 plus interests and costs. The State Court then appointed a referee to commence a foreclosure sale. The sale took place on April 1, 2004, and the successful bid was for $315,000.00.1

After the auction the Debtor approached the successful bidders and spoke with them about his desire to retain his home. The bidders offered to sell Debtor back his home if Debtor was able to get a mortgage on the Real Property. The Debtor then approached two of his acquaintances: the president of Defendant Paragon Mortgage Bankers Corp., ("Paragon") and Defendant Anthony N. Focarile ("Focarile"). Paragon is a full service lending institution in New York, and Defendant Focarile is an attorney who handled closings for Paragon's mortgage division.2 After speaking with the Debtor regarding his dilemma, Paragon's president and Focarile agreed to assist the Debtor.

It was at this point that Defendant Hurtado, the wife of the president of Paragon, entered the picture. Hurtado's husband asked her to assist him in helping the Debtor retain his home, and she agreed. At the trial Hurtado testified that her role was to purchase the Real Property in order to sell it back to the Debtor.

On June 11, 2004 Defendant Focarile, acting as Paragon's legal representative, effectuated the assignment of the bid from the successful bidders to Paragon, which then transferred the bid to Hurtado. By deed dated June 11, 2004 the Referee granted and conveyed to Hurtado all the right, title and interest in and to the Real Property for $315,000.00. Defendant Focarile had a hand in this as well as he notarized the Referee's signature on the deed to Hurtado. The financing for Hurtado's purchase of the Real Property came from a $327,750.00 mortgage issued by Paragon and secured by the Real Property.3

After the payment of all liens and claims against the Real Property, the purchase of the Real Property by Hurtado resulted in surplus monies for the Debtor in the amount of $87,013.67 (the "Surplus Monies"). The Surplus Monies were deposited by the Referee into the Suffolk County Treasury. Thereafter Defendant Focarile appeared in the State Court Foreclosure Action, this time on behalf of the Debtor, and he requested, with the Debtor's consent, that the State Court authorize an assignment of the Surplus Monies from the Debtor to Paragon. There were no objections, and the State Court granted the request. The Surplus Monies in the amount of $78,598.06 were then transferred to Paragon (the "Transfer").4 Neither Defendant Focarile or Defendant Hurtado ever came into possession or benefitted from the Surplus Monies.5

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The Debtor filed for bankruptcy protection in October 2005 on November 5, 2004, Hurtado entered into a Residential Contract of Sale with the Debtor's wife, Defendant Groomes for the Real Property. The sale price was $345,000.00. On December 16, 2004 Paragon assigned to Groomes the Surplus Monies for her to use as part of the consideration for her purchase of the Real Property. By a deed dated December 16, 2004 Groomes became the fee simple owner of the Real Property, and the Debtor, Groomes, and their children were able to remain in their home.

The Trustee commenced the instant adversary proceeding after determining that the transfer of the Surplus Monies to Defendant Paragon and Defendant Groomes had been a fraudulent conveyance. Prior to the trial that was...

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6 practice notes
  • Amusement Indus., Inc. v. Midland Ave. Assocs., LLC, No. 10 Civ. 5064(LAK)(GWG).
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. Southern District of New York
    • September 27, 2011
    ...such a circumstance would be a claim against “transferees of the assets [ ]or beneficiaries of the conveyance.” Id.; accord In re Parker, 399 B.R. 577, 580 (Bankr.E.D.N.Y.2009) (citations omitted); Chemtex, LLC, 490 F.Supp.2d at 548. Another case cited by plaintiffs, Stochastic Decisions, I......
  • Raj & Raj Realty, Ltd. v. Difficile Realty Corp. (In re Sun Prop. Consultants, Inc.), Case No.: 8-16-72267-las
    • United States
    • United States Bankruptcy Courts. Second Circuit. U.S. Bankruptcy Court — Eastern District of New York
    • May 17, 2021
    ...Cir. 2004), and money or property must have been entrusted to the defendant, Mendelsohn v. Paragon Mortg. Bankers Corp. (In re Parker) , 399 B.R. 577, 582 (Bankr. E.D.N.Y. 2009). Here, notably absent from the Amended Complaint is any non-conclusory allegation of a fiduciary or confidential ......
  • In Re Shore To Shore Realty Inc., Case No. 8-08-72760-reg
    • United States
    • United States Bankruptcy Courts. Second Circuit. U.S. Bankruptcy Court — Eastern District of New York
    • February 1, 2011
    ...transfer is not a legally cognizable action under New York law via Bankruptcy Code § 544 or under Bankruptcy Code § 548. See In re Parker, 399 B.R. 577, 580 (Bankr. E.D.N.Y. 2009) (There is no cause of action under New York law for aiding and abetting a fraudulent transfer because the defen......
  • Palisades Tickets, Inc. v. Daffner (In re Daffner), Case No. 8-18-75747-reg
    • United States
    • United States Bankruptcy Courts. Second Circuit. U.S. Bankruptcy Court — Eastern District of New York
    • January 13, 2020
    ...analysis does not change when the alleged wrongdoer is an attorney. Mendelsohn v. Paragon Mortg. Bankers Corp., et. al. (In re Parker) , 399 B.R. 577, 581 (Bankr. E.D.N.Y. 2009). As articulated in State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co. v. Grafman , No. 04-cv-2609 (NG) (SMG), 2017 WL 4217122 (E.D.N.......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
6 cases
  • Amusement Indus., Inc. v. Midland Ave. Assocs., LLC, No. 10 Civ. 5064(LAK)(GWG).
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. Southern District of New York
    • September 27, 2011
    ...such a circumstance would be a claim against “transferees of the assets [ ]or beneficiaries of the conveyance.” Id.; accord In re Parker, 399 B.R. 577, 580 (Bankr.E.D.N.Y.2009) (citations omitted); Chemtex, LLC, 490 F.Supp.2d at 548. Another case cited by plaintiffs, Stochastic Decisions, I......
  • Raj & Raj Realty, Ltd. v. Difficile Realty Corp. (In re Sun Prop. Consultants, Inc.), Case No.: 8-16-72267-las
    • United States
    • United States Bankruptcy Courts. Second Circuit. U.S. Bankruptcy Court — Eastern District of New York
    • May 17, 2021
    ...Cir. 2004), and money or property must have been entrusted to the defendant, Mendelsohn v. Paragon Mortg. Bankers Corp. (In re Parker) , 399 B.R. 577, 582 (Bankr. E.D.N.Y. 2009). Here, notably absent from the Amended Complaint is any non-conclusory allegation of a fiduciary or confidential ......
  • In Re Shore To Shore Realty Inc., Case No. 8-08-72760-reg
    • United States
    • United States Bankruptcy Courts. Second Circuit. U.S. Bankruptcy Court — Eastern District of New York
    • February 1, 2011
    ...transfer is not a legally cognizable action under New York law via Bankruptcy Code § 544 or under Bankruptcy Code § 548. See In re Parker, 399 B.R. 577, 580 (Bankr. E.D.N.Y. 2009) (There is no cause of action under New York law for aiding and abetting a fraudulent transfer because the defen......
  • Palisades Tickets, Inc. v. Daffner (In re Daffner), Case No. 8-18-75747-reg
    • United States
    • United States Bankruptcy Courts. Second Circuit. U.S. Bankruptcy Court — Eastern District of New York
    • January 13, 2020
    ...analysis does not change when the alleged wrongdoer is an attorney. Mendelsohn v. Paragon Mortg. Bankers Corp., et. al. (In re Parker) , 399 B.R. 577, 581 (Bankr. E.D.N.Y. 2009). As articulated in State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co. v. Grafman , No. 04-cv-2609 (NG) (SMG), 2017 WL 4217122 (E.D.N.......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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