In the Marriage of Fred A. Glenn v. Glenn

Decision Date06 July 2011
Docket NumberNo. SD 30829.,SD 30829.
Citation345 S.W.3d 320
CourtMissouri Court of Appeals
PartiesIn The Marriage of Fred A. GLENN, Respondent,v.Diana R. Moore GLENN, Appellant.


James R. Sharp, Springfield, MO, for Appellant.Susan Appelquist, Springfield, MO, for Respondent.ROBERT S. BARNEY, Presiding Judge.

Appellant Diana R. Moore Glenn (Wife) appeals the judgment of dissolution entered by the trial court which dissolved her marriage to Fred A. Glenn (Husband). In her sole point on appeal Wife challenges the trial court's finding that a home and 77 acres owned by Husband prior to their marriage was entirely Husband's non-marital property. She contends that the trial court erred as a matter of law by its classification since the trial court ignored Wife's marital contribution to the value of the property. We affirm the judgment of the trial court.

Viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the trial court's judgment, Hight v. Hight, 314 S.W.3d 874, 878 (Mo.App.2010), the record reveals Husband and Wife were married on August 15, 1995, and they separated on April 23, 2009. Husband filed his petition for dissolution on May 5, 2009, and Wife filed her answer and counter-petition on June 3, 2009. There were no children born of the marriage and it was a second marriage for both parties. At the time of trial in March and April of 2010, Husband was sixty-two years old and Wife was sixty years old.

The trial testimony and evidence revealed that after his retirement eleven months into the marriage, Husband began receiving $4,400.00 per month from his retirement pension with the City of Springfield Police Department.1 Husband also began receiving military retirement benefits in 2007 in the amount of $942.00 per month for his military service prior to the marriage.2 Husband also worked part-time at a local golf course at which he made approximately $128.62 per month. Additionally, throughout the marriage Husband bought and sold cattle and at the time of trial owned thirty-one cows and calves. All of the money from his pension, his retirement benefits, his wages at the golf course, and his income from his cattle operation went into his solely owned account at Metro Credit Union.

Wife also worked throughout most of the marriage, but she was laid off in January of 2009. All of her wages, unemployment benefits, worker's compensation settlements, profits from the sale of separate real estate and other monies was deposited into her TelComm Credit Union accounts to which Husband had no access. Further, Wife's income taxes for the years 2006 to 2008 show income from a farming operation. Wife also had investments and a 401(K) solely in her name. Husband and Wife never had joint banking accounts and they only filed their income taxes jointly during one year of their marriage. Based on an apparent understanding that “what's hers is hers and what's [his] is [his],” Husband waived any claim to any of Wife's investments and 401(K).

At the time of the marriage, each party separately owned real property. In 1993, prior to the marriage, Husband purchased 77 acres of land in Lawrence County, Missouri (“the Lawrence County property”).3 He purchased the property for $57,000.00 of which he paid $20,000.00 in cash and borrowed the remaining amount of $37,000.00 from Farm Credit Service. At the time of his marriage to Wife in 1995 he owed between $26,000.00 and $27,000.00 on this loan. Eleven months after the parties' marriage, Husband retired following a twenty-eight year career with the City of Springfield Police Department. The mortgage for the Lawrence County property remained solely in Husband's name as did the deed for the property and all payments on the mortgage were made from his accounts with Metro Credit Union to which Wife had no access. In 1998 Husband paid off the Farm Credit Service mortgage with a lump sum payment from his Metro Credit Union account.

After the parties' marriage, in the spring of 1996, Husband built an $18,000.00 machine shop on the Lawrence County property. He paid for the shop with funds from his Metro Credit Union account. Then, in March of 1996 Husband obtained a $135,000.00 construction loan from First Savings Bank in order to build a home for the parties on the Lawrence County property. Wife also signed the documents for this construction loan which was secured by 20 acres of the Lawrence County property. By December of 1996, Husband had used funds from his Metro Credit Union account and from the sale of another piece of separate property to pay down the construction loan to $60,000.00 at which time he had it converted to a conventional mortgage in his name only. At the time of trial the balance on this mortgage was approximately $9,000.00 with all of the monthly mortgage payments coming from Husband's Metro Credit Union account. Husband opined that the house, which needed some repairs, and the two acres on which it is located, were worth a total of $110,000.00. While admitting that Wife had done some minor landscaping work such as planting flowers at the house, he related she never contributed financially to the property. He further opined that the entire Lawrence County property complete with outbuildings, home, and 77 acres had a fair market value of between $260,000.00 and $280,000.00.4

Prior to the marriage, Wife received as part of her dissolution of marriage settlement with her previous husband several tracts of real estate as well as a contract for deed on a parcel of real estate (“the Greene County property”). The Greene County property consisted of ten acres and a home, and at the time of her 1994 dissolution with her former husband it was valued at $54,500.00 with a $24,000.00 encumbrance in favor of Boatman's Bank. Wife used the settlement from her prior dissolution of marriage to pay off the debt to Boatman's Bank. The contract for deed party then defaulted and in 1996 Wife repossessed the Greene County property. She then re-titled the property solely in her name with no mention of her marital status.5 Thereafter, Wife borrowed approximately $30,000.00 to remodel the Greene County property and Husband co-signed on this loan with Commerce Bank.6 The loan was later increased and Husband also signed those documents. The funds were used to put a new roof on the home as well as new siding, to install hardwood floors, to replace the furnace and air conditioner and make cosmetic alterations. Wife made all of the payments on the Commerce Bank loan out her own separate bank account. In 2003, Wife paid off the Commerce Bank loan with money from a TelComm Credit Union home equity loan she took out in the name: Diana Moore, A Single Person.” Husband was not a signatory to this loan. Husband's expert, Norma Vinson (“Ms. Vinson”), who conducted her appraisal without access to the interior of the house on the Greene County property, testified that the property had a value of approximately $210,000.00, but the property had a present “highest” and “best use” value as a commercial property at approximately $280,000.00.

After hearing the foregoing testimony, the trial court rendered its judgment on August 19, 2010. After considering the factors set out in section 452.330.1,7 the trial court set out the evidence as it related to both the Lawrence County property and the Greene County property and found that “although it may not be relevant except for consideration of [W]ife's claim of maintenance if the court's use of the source of funds formula is correct,” “the value of the Lawrence County [property is] $290,000.00 and the Greene County [property is] $250,000.00.” The trial court then divided the parties personal property and debt per their joint “DR–1 incorporated herein by reference,” 8 and then “briefly outline[d] the method used to divide property and determine the amount of a judgment to equitabl[y] divide the property” by setting out the “formula used in calculating the non-marital and marital interest under the source of funds rule....” See In re Marriage of Herr, 705 S.W.2d 619, 625 (Mo.App.1986). The trial court then found

[t]his may be an atypical marriage. The parties never commingled funds. Husband and [W]ife each kept separate checking and savings accounts. Income earned by each was deposited in their individual accounts. The lands were never retitled. The parties filed separate income tax returns each year with the exception of one year. Their respective retirement accounts were always separate and never retitled. Wife kept proceeds from her worker's comp [ensation] settlement and [H]usband does not claim any interest in those awards or the second injury proceeding now pending. They both signed debt instruments on the other's property but each paid the respective mortgages from the accounts separately maintain[ed] by each.

Wife did expend some minimum labor on the Lawrence County property planting flowers and wallpapering. Husband mowed and cleaned on the Greene County [property]. The evidence does not lead this court to conclude the labor of either increased the value of the respective properties.

The court finds no marital contribution by [W]ife to the Lawrence County property and no marital contribution by [H]usband to the Greene County property.9 Therefore, it is the court's judgment that [H]usband shall be entitled to the described Lawrence County [property] and [W]ife shall be entitled to the described Greene County [property].

In the portion of its judgment entitled JUDGMENT TO EQUALIZE PROPERTY DIVISION the trial court stated:

[t]his court has not considered the real property division previously entered in this judgment even though the evidence might justify a finding that each tract is part separate and part marital.

Husband has been awarded mar[it]al personal property with a value of approximately $100,325.00 and ordered to pay debt of $8,900.00. Wife has been awarded personal property of approximately $96,975.00 and ordered to pay debt...

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6 cases
  • Sparks v. Sparks
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • November 26, 2013
    ...of property as marital or non-marital.’ ” Bowman v. Prinster, 384 S.W.3d 365, 372 (Mo.App. E.D.2012) (quoting Glenn v. Glenn, 345 S.W.3d 320, 326 (Mo.App. S.D.2011)). “ ‘An abuse of discretion occurs when a trial court's ruling is clearly against the logic of the circumstances then before [......
  • Bowman v. Prinster
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • November 29, 2012
    ...“The trial court has considerable discretion in its classification of property as marital or non-marital.” Glenn v. Glenn, 345 S.W.3d 320, 326 (Mo.App. S.D.2011). This court will not disturb the trial court's decision absent an abuse of discretion. Torrey v. Torrey, 333 S.W.3d 34, 36 (Mo.Ap......
  • Stroh v. Stroh
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • December 31, 2014
    ...356 S.W.3d at 243, we defer to the trial court's determination of the facts that underlie such a classification. See Glenn v. Glenn, 345 S.W.3d 320, 326 (Mo.App.S.D.2011) (trial court has discretion to determine witness credibility for purposes of classifying property as marital and non-mar......
  • Herschend v. Herschend
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • September 30, 2015 and marital debts as the court deems just after considering the statutory factors from section 452.330.5 Glenn v. Glenn, 345 S.W.3d 320, 326 (Mo.App.S.D.2011). Property is non-marital where a spouse owned it before marriage and retained separate title after marriage. Stroh v. Stroh......
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