Indianapolis Traction & Terminal Co. v. Kidd, No. 20,850.

Docket NºNo. 20,850.
Citation167 Ind. 402, 79 N.E. 347
Case DateNovember 27, 1906
CourtSupreme Court of Indiana

167 Ind. 402
79 N.E. 347

INDIANAPOLIS TRACTION & TERMINAL CO.
v.
KIDD.

No. 20,850.

Supreme Court of Indiana.

Nov. 27, 1906.


Appeal from Circuit Court, Hamilton County; Ira W. Christian, Judge.

Action by Lulu Kidd against the Indianapolis Traction & Terminal Company. From a judgment for plaintiff, defendant appeals. Cause transferred from Appellate Court under Burns' Ann. St. § 1337u. Affirmed.

[79 N.E. 348]


F. W. Winter, W. H. Latta, and W. S. Christian, for appellant.
W. A. Ryan and Gavin & Davis, for appellee.

MONTGOMERY, C. J.

This is an action for damages resulting to appellee from appellant's alleged negligence in running one of its cars without warning at a high rate of speed against and over her while walking along its track. A reversal of the judgment is sought for the reasons: (1) That the complaint does not state facts sufficient to constitute a cause of action; (2) that the court erred in overruling appellant's motion for judgment in its favor on the answers of the jury to interrogatories; and (3) for error in overruling appellant's motion for a new trial.

The complaint was not challenged in the trial court. It is contended that the complaint upon its face discloses an assumption of the risk and contributory negligence on the part of the appellee, notwithstanding the allegations that appellee exercised due care and precaution for her safety, and that she was without fault. It is well settled that when a complaint is attacked for the first time in this court, it will be upheld if the facts alleged are sufficient to bar another suit for the same cause of action. We do not find the suggested defects to be real, and any want of certainty in the pleading was cured by the evidence and verdict, and we accordingly hold the complaint sufficient as against the present assault, upon numerous decided cases. Lengelsen v. McGregor, 162 Ind. 258, 70 N. E. 248;City of South Bend v. Turner, 156 Ind. 418, 60 N. E. 271, 54 L. R. A. 396;Shoemaker v. Williamson, 156 Ind. 384, 59 N. E. 1051;Xenia, etc., Co. et al. v. Macy, 147 Ind. 568, 47 N. E. 147;Citizens', etc., R. R. Co. v. Willoeby, 134 Ind. 563, 33 N. E. 627;Loeb v. Tinkler, 124 Ind. 331, 24 N. E. 235;Peters et al. v. Banta, 120 Ind. 416, 22 N. E. 95;Smith v. Smith, 106 Ind. 43, 5 N. E. 411. In answer to special interrogatories the jury found the following facts: That, at the time of the accident, appellant had a standard-gauge double-track street railroad on East Tenth street in the city of Indianapolis, extending two or three squares to the east of the place of the accident and for a long distance westward, the tracks being five feet apart; that the street was paved with brick; that east-bound cars ran on the south track and west-bound cars on the north track; that appellee had lived in the neighborhood of the accident for four years, and was familiar with the location of the tracks and the manner in which cars were operated thereon; that the accident occurred in daylight on a clear day, and appellee at the time was 47 years of age, possessed of ordinary intelligence, and of good eyesight and hearing, and of the use of all her faculties and powers of locomotion; that appellee lived on the south side of Tenth street and her daughter lived on the same side east of her residence; that appellee started on foot to her daughter's home and had walked about 500 feet along appellant's track eastwardly before the accident occurred; that the car could have been seen by appellee, had she looked, for a distance of from one-fourth to one-half mile before

[79 N.E. 349]

it reached her, and she could have gotten out of the way by stepping five or six feet to either side had she known the car was approaching; that there was no evidence to show whether any noise was made by the approaching car, or whether appellee could have heard it approach with ordinary care; that appellant's tracks had been swept practically clean of ice and snow, and on the south side of the tracks there was, at the time and place of the accident, from six to fourteen inches of melting snow and ice, and about the same depth between the tracks; appellee's view westward of the place of the accident for 1,000 feet was unobstructed, and by looking westward she could have seen the approaching car when that distance away, and for a distance of 100 feet she could at any point have stepped out of the way of the car had she known it was approaching, but the noise of a west-bound car prevented her from hearing its approach; that on entering upon the tracks and again after she had proceeded about half a square appellee looked westward to ascertain whether or not a car was coming, but no car was then in sight; that the car was operated by electricity and was traveling at a rate of from 20 to 25 miles per hour, and the motorman did not see appellee or know that she would not leave the track until he was within 10 feet of her, and that, under existing conditions, the car could have been stopped in a distance of from 150 to 175 feet; that appellee looked and continuously listened, and used ordinary care to avoid the accident.

Appellant's counsel argue that judgment should have been rendered in favor of appellant upon these facts notwithstanding the general verdict, because appellee is shown to have been guilty of contributory negligence. This contention appears to be predicated upon a misconception of the rights of the respective parties to the use of the street. It is a familiar principle, frequently reiterated by the courts, that street railway companies have no superior and predominant right to the use of the streets upon which their tracks are located over the rights of other users, except the right of way when they require it. Indianapolis, etc., R. Co. v. Darnell, 32 Ind. App. 687, 695, 68 N. E. 609;Indianapolis, etc., R. Co. v. O'Donnell, 35 Ind. App. 312, 317, 73 N. E. 163, 74 N. E. 253;Butelli v. Jersey City, etc., Ry. Co., 59 N. J. Law, 302, 304, 36 Atl. 700;Baltimore City, etc., Ry. Co. v. Cooney, 87 Md. 261, 266, 39 Atl. 859;Rapp v. St. Louis Transit Co., 190 Mo. 144, 161, 88 S. W. 865. The highways are laid out for passage, and each passer in a vehicle or on foot has a right of passage over the same, subject to the condition that he does not unnecessarily interfere with the lawful exercise of a similar right by others. Pedestrians have a right to use any part of such highways, but the question whether a particular use is such as a reasonably prudent person would make must depend upon the attendant circumstances. When a certain portion of the highway has been paved as a sidewalk or otherwise reserved for the exclusive use of foot passengers, and the same is unobstructed and in suitable condition for such use, it may not be prudent to walk in the roadway set apart for the use of vehicles. In considering the question of appellee's alleged contributory negligence, due regard for the reciprocal rights, duties, and obligations of appellant must be observed. Appellant had no right to exclude appellee from its track upon the street, but had the right merely to require her to remove therefrom when she ascertained or was notified that the same was needed for the passage of one of its cars. It appears, from the facts specially found by the jury, that the street along which appellee was passing was covered with melting snow and ice to a depth of from six to fourteen inches, except the space between the rails of appellant's tracks, which was paved with brick and was practically free from all obstructions. This condition of the street explains appellee's use of the track. She was required to use ordinary care for her safety, and the duty which she owed to the company was to vacate the track when apprised that the same was required for the passage of a car. It must be borne in mind as...

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66 practice notes
  • Bremer v. St. Paul City Ry. Co., Nos. 15,810-(118).
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Minnesota (US)
    • March 12, 1909
    ...is used concurrently by the street car company and by the public. Kinsey v. Union, 169 Ind. 563, 81 N. E. 922; Indianapolis v. Kidd, 167 Ind. 402, 79 N. E. 347, 7 L. R. A. (N. S.) 143 (collecting cases at page 145); Attorney General v. Metropolitan, 125 Mass. 515, 28 Am. 264; Robbins v. Spr......
  • Bremer v. St. Paul City Ry. Co.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Minnesota (US)
    • March 12, 1909
    ...concurrently by the street car company and by the public. Kinsey v. Traction Co. (Ind. Sup.) 81 N. E. 922;I. T. & T. R. R. Co. v. Kidd, 167 Ind. 402, 79 N. E. 347,7 L. R. A. (N. S.) 143 (collecting cases at page 145); Atty. Gen. v. Met. Ry. Co., 125 Mass. 515, 28 Am. Rep. 264;Robbins v. Spr......
  • Indianapolis Traction And Terminal Company v. Croly, 7,363
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • December 22, 1911
    ...is sufficient to say that the rule is now firmly established by the courts of this State. Indianapolis Traction, etc., Co. v. Kidd (1906), 167 Ind. 402, 79 N.E. 347, 7 L.R.A. (N. S.) 143; Indianapolis Traction, etc., Co. v. Smith (1906), 38 Ind.App. 160, 77 N.E. 1140; Indianapolis St. R. Co......
  • Grass v. Ft. Wayne & W.V. Traction Co., No. 6,049.
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • May 28, 1907
    ...etc., R. Co. v. Schmidt, 35 Ind. App. 202, 211, 71 N. E. 663, 72 N. E. 478;Indianapolis Traction & Terminal Co. v. Kidd (Ind. Sup.) 79 N. E. 347. By answer to interrogatory No. 19, the jury finds that the appellant was on the street crossing, and by answer No. 18 the jury finds [81 N.E. 517......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
66 cases
  • Bremer v. St. Paul City Ry. Co., Nos. 15,810-(118).
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Minnesota (US)
    • March 12, 1909
    ...is used concurrently by the street car company and by the public. Kinsey v. Union, 169 Ind. 563, 81 N. E. 922; Indianapolis v. Kidd, 167 Ind. 402, 79 N. E. 347, 7 L. R. A. (N. S.) 143 (collecting cases at page 145); Attorney General v. Metropolitan, 125 Mass. 515, 28 Am. 264; Robbins v. Spr......
  • Bremer v. St. Paul City Ry. Co.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Minnesota (US)
    • March 12, 1909
    ...concurrently by the street car company and by the public. Kinsey v. Traction Co. (Ind. Sup.) 81 N. E. 922;I. T. & T. R. R. Co. v. Kidd, 167 Ind. 402, 79 N. E. 347,7 L. R. A. (N. S.) 143 (collecting cases at page 145); Atty. Gen. v. Met. Ry. Co., 125 Mass. 515, 28 Am. Rep. 264;Robbins v. Spr......
  • Indianapolis Traction And Terminal Company v. Croly, 7,363
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • December 22, 1911
    ...is sufficient to say that the rule is now firmly established by the courts of this State. Indianapolis Traction, etc., Co. v. Kidd (1906), 167 Ind. 402, 79 N.E. 347, 7 L.R.A. (N. S.) 143; Indianapolis Traction, etc., Co. v. Smith (1906), 38 Ind.App. 160, 77 N.E. 1140; Indianapolis St. R. Co......
  • Grass v. Ft. Wayne & W.V. Traction Co., No. 6,049.
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • May 28, 1907
    ...etc., R. Co. v. Schmidt, 35 Ind. App. 202, 211, 71 N. E. 663, 72 N. E. 478;Indianapolis Traction & Terminal Co. v. Kidd (Ind. Sup.) 79 N. E. 347. By answer to interrogatory No. 19, the jury finds that the appellant was on the street crossing, and by answer No. 18 the jury finds [81 N.E. 517......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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