Insley v. State

CourtAlabama Court of Criminal Appeals
Writing for the CourtBOWEN
PartiesNeal Benson INSLEY v. STATE. CR 90-888.
Decision Date29 May 1992

Page 448

600 So.2d 448
Neal Benson INSLEY
v.
STATE.
CR 90-888.
Court of Criminal Appeals of Alabama.
May 29, 1992.

Richard H. Ramsey IV, Dothan, for appellant.

James H. Evans, Atty. Gen., and Gail Ingram Hampton, Asst. Atty. Gen., for appellee.

ON RETURN TO REMAND

BOWEN, Judge.

On original submission, this case was remanded for the trial court to conduct a hearing pursuant to Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U.S. 79, 106 S.Ct. 1712, 90 L.Ed.2d 69 (1986), and Ex parte Branch, 526 So.2d 609 (1987). Insley v. State, 591 So.2d 589, 590 (Ala.Cr.App.1991).

At that hearing, the appellant's counsel, who was not trial counsel and who admitted that he was not present for the jury voir dire and the selection of the jury, argued that the prosecution used its peremptory strikes against two of the three black veniremembers. The prosecutor who tried the case argued that there were five blacks on the 34-member venire; that each party had 11 strikes; and that each party struck two black veniremembers. It is undisputed that one black served on the jury.

Although finding that the appellant had not established a prima facie case of discrimination, the trial judge, in "an abundance of caution," requested the prosecutor to state his reasons for striking the two black veniremembers. R. 9. The prosecutor objected and responded:

"Judge, in response to that, with your ruling being they have not made a prima facie case from the case law I have seen recently, it is a major error for me to put my reasons on the record. The reason being, according to case law and what I have seen, is that once you put my reasons on the record, the appeal courts are

Page 449

ignoring the ruling on the prima facie issue and going straight to the reason, assuming that is the reasons given, they will go straight to the reasons and not look at the issue as to whether or not a prima facie case was made. For that reason, I object to putting my reasons on the record and do not, at this time, want to do so. And, the Court, in their ruling that remanded this case back was very specific. In the event a prima facie case is established, the burden of production shifts to the State to articulate a race neutral reason for each strike. Your ruling that there has not been a prima facie case, therefore the burden has not shifted to me at this point. And, for that reason, I will respectfully decline to give my reasons on the record." R. 10-11.

The trial judge then denied the appellant's motion.

The trial...

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4 practice notes
  • Williams v. State, CR-91-1259
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • February 12, 1993
    ...and the State provided the explanations without requesting a ruling on this matter or otherwise objecting. Compare Insley v. State, 600 So.2d 448, 448-49 (Ala.Cr.App.1992) (where trial court found that defendant had not established a prima facie case of discrimination, but, "in 'an abu......
  • McPherson v. State, No. CR-91-1669
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • March 5, 1993
    ...strong presumption that there was no discrimination in the selection of the jury." 611 So.2d at 504. See also Insley v. State, 600 So.2d 448 (Ala.Cr.App.1992) (defendant failed to establish a prima facie case of discrimination in the prosecutor's use of peremptory strikes, where there ......
  • Arnold v. State, CR-93-1540
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • July 28, 1995
    ...has been no prima facie showing of discriminatory intent on the part of the State in the selection of the trial jury. Insley v. State, 600 So.2d 448 The court's order reflects that in determining whether the defense had established a prima facie case of discrimination, the court considered ......
  • Yeomans v. State, CR-92-0795
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • December 3, 1993
    ...1270, 1271 (Ala.1990), cert. denied, 499 U.S. 984, 111 S.Ct. 1641, 113 L.Ed.2d 736 (1991) (emphasis in the original); Insley v. State, 600 So.2d 448, 449 Of the initial 36 members of the venire, six were black. One member of the panel was removed for cause and another was struck by the tria......
4 cases
  • Williams v. State, CR-91-1259
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • February 12, 1993
    ...and the State provided the explanations without requesting a ruling on this matter or otherwise objecting. Compare Insley v. State, 600 So.2d 448, 448-49 (Ala.Cr.App.1992) (where trial court found that defendant had not established a prima facie case of discrimination, but, "in 'an abu......
  • McPherson v. State, No. CR-91-1669
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • March 5, 1993
    ...strong presumption that there was no discrimination in the selection of the jury." 611 So.2d at 504. See also Insley v. State, 600 So.2d 448 (Ala.Cr.App.1992) (defendant failed to establish a prima facie case of discrimination in the prosecutor's use of peremptory strikes, where there ......
  • Arnold v. State, CR-93-1540
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • July 28, 1995
    ...has been no prima facie showing of discriminatory intent on the part of the State in the selection of the trial jury. Insley v. State, 600 So.2d 448 The court's order reflects that in determining whether the defense had established a prima facie case of discrimination, the court considered ......
  • Yeomans v. State, CR-92-0795
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • December 3, 1993
    ...1270, 1271 (Ala.1990), cert. denied, 499 U.S. 984, 111 S.Ct. 1641, 113 L.Ed.2d 736 (1991) (emphasis in the original); Insley v. State, 600 So.2d 448, 449 Of the initial 36 members of the venire, six were black. One member of the panel was removed for cause and another was struck by the tria......

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