Irby v. Young, 86-0018

Decision Date16 April 1987
Docket NumberNo. 86-0018,86-0018
Citation407 N.W.2d 314,139 Wis.2d 279
PartiesLeon IRBY, Petitioner-Appellant, v. Warren YOUNG, Respondent.
CourtWisconsin Court of Appeals

Review Denied.

Leon Irby, pro se.

Frank D. Remington and Lee, Johnson, Kilkelly & Nichol, S.C., Madison, for respondent.

Before GARTZKE, P.J., and EICH and SUNDBY, JJ.

GARTZKE, Presiding Judge.

We granted Leon Irby leave to appeal 1 from an order changing venue from Dodge county to Dane county. Respondent is the superintendent of Waupun Correctional Institution in Dodge county. Irby is a Waupun inmate. He petitioned the Dodge County Circuit Court for certiorari to review a prison disciplinary committee's decision finding him guilty of violating an institutional regulation. The superintendent is the sole defendant and the action is brought against him in his official capacity. For that reason, we hold that venue lies in Dane county. We therefore affirm.

Irby rests his contention that venue lies in Dodge county on sec. 53.02(1), Stats., which provides:

For all purposes of discipline and for judicial proceedings, the Waupun correctional institution and the precincts thereof shall be deemed to be in Dodge county, and the courts of that county shall have jurisdiction of all crimes committed within the county. Every activity conducted under the jurisdiction of and by the institution, wherever located, is a precinct of the prison, and each precinct is part of the institution.

The superintendent's motion to change venue is based on sec. 801.50, Stats., which governs venue in civil actions or proceedings. Sec. 801.50(3) provides:

All actions in which the sole defendant is the state, any state board or commission or any state officer, employe or agent in an official capacity shall be venued in Dane county unless another venue is specifically authorized by law.

Because the facts are undisputed and venue is statutory, the proper venue for Irby's petition for certiorari is a question of law.

It was early established that issuance of an original writ of certiorari commenced a civil action. State ex rel. Milwaukee Medical College v. Chittenden, 127 Wis. 468, 494, 107 N.W. 500, 508 (1906). Under the present Code of Civil Procedure an action seeking a remedy available by certiorari may be commenced as a civil action under sec. 801.02, Stats., whether by serving the writ or by filing a complaint demanding a specified remedy. Sec. 801.02(5). We conclude that by petitioning for certiorari, Irby brought a civil action. 2

Because Irby's petition for certiorari is a civil action and one in which the sole defendant is a state employe acting in an official capacity, sec. 801.50(3), Stats., requires that the action be venued in Dane county "unless another venue is specifically authorized by law." The question is whether sec. 53.02(1), Stats., specifically authorizes another venue. We conclude it does not.

Section 53.02(1), Stats., is silent as to venue for civil actions. Indeed, it does not authorize any particular venue for this or any other civil action. It merely affects whatever geographical factors are pertinent to discipline and judicial proceedings.

As was said of the predecessor 3 to sec. 53.02(1), Stats., the statute "is not a model of clarity, but its net effect is to provide that every activity conducted by the Wisconsin prison system is deemed to be carried on within the precincts of the prison, regardless of where it is actually and physically carried on" and "that all of these precincts, regardless of where they are actually located, are deemed to be located in Dodge county." Dolan v. State, 48 Wis.2d 696, 701, 180 N.W.2d 623, 625 (1970).

The geographical facts and fictions noted and created by sec. 53.02(1), Stats., are not pertinent to the venue issue before us.

We conclude that because sec. 53.02(1), Stats., does not specifically authorize venue in another county for this action, venue lies in Dane county. Sec. 801.50(3), Stats. No other statute authorizing another venue has been brought to our attention. The order transferring venue to Dane county must be affirmed.

Order affirmed.

1 An order denying venue is not appealable as of right, since it does not dispose of the entire matter in litigation between appellant and respondent. Sec. 808.03(1), Stats. We granted...

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7 cases
  • Casteel v. Kolb
    • United States
    • Wisconsin Court of Appeals
    • 22 d4 Abril d4 1993
    ..."[i]t merely affects whatever geographical factors are pertinent to discipline and judicial proceedings." Irby v. Young, 139 Wis.2d 279, 282, 407 N.W.2d 314, 316 (Ct.App.1987). Finally, we agree with the state that Casteel's argument that the disciplinary process violates the constitutional......
  • State ex rel. Parker v. Fiedler
    • United States
    • Wisconsin Court of Appeals
    • 22 d1 Novembro d1 1993
    ...action. 5 2. Certiorari. Certiorari is recognized by statute. Section 781.01, Stats. It is a civil action, Irby v. Young, 139 Wis.2d 279, 281, 407 N.W.2d 314, 315 (Ct.App.1987), and may be prosecuted either by petition, as was done here, or by complaint, sec. 801.02(5), Stats. Statutory cer......
  • Racine Riverside Marine Inc. v. Debartolo
    • United States
    • Wisconsin Court of Appeals
    • 18 d3 Maio d3 2011
    ...brought in an improper venue. Determinations of venue are also questions of law, which we review de novo. See Irby v. Young, 139 Wis. 2d 279, 281, 407 N.W.2d 314 (Ct. App. 1987). DeBartolo claims that the action should have been brought in the county in which he resides pursuant to the FDCP......
  • State ex rel. Sahagian v. Young
    • United States
    • Wisconsin Court of Appeals
    • 17 d4 Setembro d4 1987
    ...We agree that certiorari is an "action" as defined in sec. 801.01(1), Stats. Certiorari is a civil action. Irby v. Young, 139 Wis.2d 279, 281, 407 N.W.2d 314, 315 (Ct.App.1987) Section 801.02(5) An action seeking a remedy available by certiorari ... may be commenced under sub. (1), by servi......
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