J.B. v. State, No. 96-2014

CourtCourt of Appeal of Florida (US)
Writing for the CourtALLEN
Citation689 So.2d 360
Parties22 Fla. L. Weekly D497 J.B., A Child, Appellant, v. STATE of Florida, Appellee.
Decision Date18 February 1997
Docket NumberNo. 96-2014

Page 360

689 So.2d 360
22 Fla. L. Weekly D497
J.B., A Child, Appellant,
v.
STATE of Florida, Appellee.
No. 96-2014.
District Court of Appeal of Florida,
First District.
Feb. 18, 1997.
Rehearing Denied March 26, 1997.

Nancy A. Daniels, Public Defender, and Glen P. Gifford, Assistant Public Defender, Tallahassee, for Appellant.

Robert A. Butterworth, Attorney General, and Edward C. Hill, Jr., Assistant Attorney General, Tallahassee, for Appellee.

CRIMINAL DIVISION EN BANC

ALLEN, Judge.

The appellant challenges orders entered in a juvenile delinquency proceeding, arguing that the corpus delicti of the offense was not established independent of his admission as to one of the elements. We conclude that this issue was not preserved for appeal, and because we thus clarify a prior decision of this court the case is being considered by the criminal division en banc, pursuant to Florida Rule of Appellate Procedure 9.331(b).

The corpus delicti of an offense must ordinarily be established independent of the defendant's admissions, e.g., Burks v. State, 613 So.2d 441 (Fla.1993), but in the present case the appellant's statements were received into evidence without objection. When the appellant later moved for a judgment of acquittal he did not make a corpus delicti argument, and he did not otherwise raise the issue below. In Tompkins v. State, 502 So.2d 415 (Fla.1986), the supreme court suggested that it may be necessary to preserve the issue for appeal by first raising the matter in the trial court.

Although we described the corpus delicti rule in Farley v. City of Tallahassee, 243 So.2d 161 (Fla. 1st DCA 1971), as a "fundamental" principle of law which produces "fundamental error," the recited facts in Farley do not clearly indicate whether the corpus delicti issue was raised at trial. To the extent that Farley may be read as suggesting that such preservation is not required, we would now abandon this interpretation. We likewise disagree with the second district decision in Johnson v. State, 569 So.2d 872 (Fla. 2d DCA 1990), rev. denied, 581 So.2d 167 (Fla.1991), which cited Farley and treated the issue as producing a "fundamentally erroneous" conviction, so as to permit reversal regardless of whether the issue was preserved at trial. The present case does not involve a situation such as Nelson v. State, 543 So.2d 1308 (Fla. 2d DCA 1989), where

Page 361

the evidence negated the occurrence of a crime. Rather, in the present case there was...

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5 practice notes
  • Childers v. State, No. 1D03-2154.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • June 28, 2006
    ...551 (Fla. 1st DCA 1997) (en banc decision released by criminal division without antecedent publication of panel decision); J.B. v. State, 689 So.2d 360 (Fla. 1st DCA 1997) (en banc decision released by criminal division without antecedent publication of panel decision), approved by 705 So.2......
  • Childers v. State, No. 1D03-2154.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • June 28, 2006
    ...551 (Fla. 1st DCA 1997) (en banc decision released by criminal division without antecedent publication of panel decision); J.B. v. State, 689 So.2d 360 (Fla. 1st DCA 1997) (en banc decision released by criminal division without antecedent publication of panel decision), approved by 705 So.2......
  • State v. Anton, No. 96-03927
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • October 1, 1997
    ...not be preserved. See Johnson v. State, 569 So.2d 872 (Fla. 2d DCA 1990), review denied, 581 So.2d 167 (Fla.1990); but see J.B. v. State, 689 So.2d 360 (Fla. 1st DCA), review granted, No. 90,309, 697 So.2d 511 (Fla. June 20, 1997). As a result, we must determine whether the State presented ......
  • J.B. v. State, No. 90309
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Florida
    • January 22, 1998
    ...and Edward C. Hill, Jr., Assistant Attorney General, Tallahassee, for Respondent. OVERTON, Justice. We have for review J.B. v. State, 689 So.2d 360 (Fla. 1st DCA 1997), which expressly and directly conflicts with Johnson v. State, 569 So.2d 872 (Fla. 2d DCA 1990), on the issue of whether th......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
5 cases
  • Childers v. State, No. 1D03-2154.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • June 28, 2006
    ...551 (Fla. 1st DCA 1997) (en banc decision released by criminal division without antecedent publication of panel decision); J.B. v. State, 689 So.2d 360 (Fla. 1st DCA 1997) (en banc decision released by criminal division without antecedent publication of panel decision), approved by 705 So.2......
  • Childers v. State, No. 1D03-2154.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • June 28, 2006
    ...551 (Fla. 1st DCA 1997) (en banc decision released by criminal division without antecedent publication of panel decision); J.B. v. State, 689 So.2d 360 (Fla. 1st DCA 1997) (en banc decision released by criminal division without antecedent publication of panel decision), approved by 705 So.2......
  • State v. Anton, No. 96-03927
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • October 1, 1997
    ...not be preserved. See Johnson v. State, 569 So.2d 872 (Fla. 2d DCA 1990), review denied, 581 So.2d 167 (Fla.1990); but see J.B. v. State, 689 So.2d 360 (Fla. 1st DCA), review granted, No. 90,309, 697 So.2d 511 (Fla. June 20, 1997). As a result, we must determine whether the State presented ......
  • J.B. v. State, No. 90309
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Florida
    • January 22, 1998
    ...and Edward C. Hill, Jr., Assistant Attorney General, Tallahassee, for Respondent. OVERTON, Justice. We have for review J.B. v. State, 689 So.2d 360 (Fla. 1st DCA 1997), which expressly and directly conflicts with Johnson v. State, 569 So.2d 872 (Fla. 2d DCA 1990), on the issue of whether th......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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