Julian v. Carpenter, 4901

CourtSupreme Court of Arizona
Writing for the CourtUdall, Judge.
Citation176 P.2d 693,65 Ariz. 157
Decision Date20 January 1947
Docket Number4901

176 P.2d 693

65 Ariz. 157


No. 4901

Supreme Court of Arizona

January 20, 1947

Appeal from Superior Court, Graham County; Benjamin Blake, Judge.


Udall & Merrill, of Safford, for appellant.

Anderson & Smith, of Safford, for appellee.

Udall, Judge. Stanford, C. J., and La Prade, J., concur.


Udall, Judge. [176 P.2d 694]

[65 Ariz. 159] This appeal is from a judgment for $ 1,221 in favor of the plaintiff (appellee), a farmer, and against the defendant (appellant), a handler of field-grown crops. The suit involved the recovery of payment for 88,800 pounds of yellow globe onions grown by plaintiff. Plaintiff's amended complaint set up alternative causes of action. The first cause was predicated upon a sale and delivery under a written vegetable contract. The second relied upon a bailment and a conversion thereunder. The amount asked for under the two counts was identical. The defendant's answer was a general denial to each count. Judgment was entered for the full amount asked without the court specifying whether judgment was being awarded upon the contract or upon the bailment.

One of the principal matters alleged as error was the failure of the trial court to state the basis of its ruling by making findings of fact and conclusions of law as required by Sections 21-1027 and 21-1028, A.C.A.1939. The facts are that this case was tried to the court without a jury on November 19, 1945, and thereafter on December 12, 1945, the court by appropriate minute order directed the entry of judgment. The request for findings of fact was not made until three days after the judgment had been entered. This court, in an unbroken line of decisions commencing with the case of Deatsch v. Fairfield, 1925, 27 Ariz. 387, 233 P. 887, 38 A.L.R. 651, has consistently held that a request for findings of fact comes too late to be made the basis of error for non-compliance therewith if made after judgment is rendered.

[65 Ariz. 160] In fairness to the trial court such a request should be made when the case is submitted for decision. Connor Livestock Co. v. Fisher, 32 Ariz. 80, 255 P. 996, 57 A.L.R. 196; Aldous v. Intermountain Bldg. & Loan Ass'n, 36 Ariz. 225, 284 P. 353; Morgan v. Krook, 36 Ariz. 133, 283 P. 287; Schwartz v. Schwartz, 52 Ariz. 105, 79 P.2d 501, 116 A.L.R. 633. We see no occasion to depart from this salutary rule and hence find that this assignment is without merit.

From the time this action was filed the defendant has challenged the right of the plaintiff to employ alternative pleadings and he now assigns as error the court's denial of his motion to dismiss the amended complaint in so far as it prays for inconsistent relief. It is his contention that the plaintiff should have been required to elect whether to proceed on contract or bailment.

Section 21-408, A.C.A.1939, reads in part:

"A party may set forth two [2] or more statements of a claim * * * alternatively * * * either in one [1] count * * * or in separate counts * * *." from which it would appear that a party may state as many separate claims as he has regardless of consistency. The rule is clearly stated in 41 Am.Jur., Pleading, Sec. 357:

"As a general rule, a plaintiff, when uncertain as to which of two or more grounds of recovery he will be able to prove, is allowed to present his claim by separate counts so framed as to meet the exigencies of the case as it may develop at the trial, and although he has only a single cause of action arising from a single transaction, he [176 P.2d 695] will not be required to elect upon which count he will stand. In such a case, election is frequently impossible until the facts are developed in the trial of the case, * * *."

The California Court of Appeals in the case of Horstman v. Krumgold, 55 Cal.App.2d 296, 130 P.2d 721, held that a litigant,...

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22 cases
  • Sligh v. Watson, 5068
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Arizona
    • 24 d2 Janeiro d2 1950
    ...a recovery and thus prevent his being forced to elect in advance and at his peril which theory he will proceed upon. Julian v. Carpenter, 65 Ariz. 157, 176 P.2d 693. On appeal no such exignency is present, the record has been made, the issues stand in bold relief, and surely there is no sou......
  • In re Gary's Estate, 5049
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Arizona
    • 31 d1 Outubro d1 1949
    ...Co. v. United Eastern Min. Co., 24 Ariz. 269, 209 P. 283; Phoenix Safety Inv. Co. v. James, 28 Ariz. 514, 237 P. 958; Julian v. Carpenter, 65 Ariz. 157, 176 P.2d 693. In discussing findings of fact this court said: "In determining the nature of these findings we must consider the purpose of......
  • Rogers v. Greer, 5129
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Arizona
    • 19 d1 Junho d1 1950
    ...not confined to one theory.' Crim v. Lumbermans Mutual Casualty Co., D.C., 26 F.Supp. 715, 718. To the same effect, Julian v. Carpenter, 65 Ariz. 157, 176 P.2d In support of the first theory appellant states the law to be that a deed absolute in form which is given to secure payment[70 Ariz......
  • In re Balke's Estate, 5063
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Arizona
    • 23 d1 Maio d1 1949
    ...385] hearing is before us. We must assume on this state of the record that the evidence sustained the order rendered. Julian v. Carpenter, 65 Ariz. 157, 176 P.2d 693. The burden rested upon the Consul as cross-appellant to produce the transcript upon which his objection was based. Were it n......
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