Kane v. Titus

CourtUnited States State Supreme Court (New Jersey)
Writing for the CourtGUMMERE, C. J.
Citation81 N.J.L. 594,80 A. 453
Decision Date22 June 1911
PartiesKANE v. TITUS.
80 A. 453
81 N.J.L. 594

KANE
v.
TITUS.

Court of Errors and Appeals of New Jersey.

June 22, 1911.


Error to Supreme Court.

Frank J. Kane was convicted of a violation of the automobile law of 1908, and his conviction was affirmed by the Supreme Court, and from the original conviction and its affirmance he brings writ of error. Affirmed.

John W. Harding and Charles T. Terry (John W. Griggs, on the brief), for plaintiff in error.

Edmund Wilson, Atty. Gen., and Nelson B. Gaskill, Asst. Atty. Gen., for the State.

GUMMERE, C. J. The plaintiff in error, a resident of the state of New York, while driving his automobile along the highways of this state, on his way from his place of residence to a town in the state of Pennsylvania, was arrested for violating the fifteenth and sixteenth sections of the automobile law of 1908 (P. L. 1908, p. 613), by not having registered his machine, or paid the fee required for doing so; and by not having filed with the Secretary of State a duly executed instrument constituting that official his attorney, upon whom all original process in any action or legal proceeding brought against him, and arising out of the operation of his automobile within the state, might be served. His prosecution for this offense followed his arrest, and resulted in a conviction. Upon a review of that conviction by the Supreme Court, there was an affirmance; the court considering that the case was governed by its deliverance in Cleary v. Johnston, 74 Atl. 538. The plaintiff in error, by the present writ, attacks the legality of the original conviction, and of its affirmance.

The first contention made in his behalf is that the automobile law of 1908 is invalid, because the license fees exacted by it are not limited to the cost of registration and inspection, and the act is therefore intended as a revenue measure. In Cleary v. Johnston, supra, the proofs submitted were not considered by the court to be demonstrative that the statute was a revenue measure; the court, however, pointed out that if such was conceded to be its object the law was nevertheless

80 A. 454

not invalid on that account, for the reason that the imposition of license fees for revenue purposes was clearly within the sovereign power of the state. We agree with counsel of the plaintiff in error that the proofs taken in the present case satisfactorily show that the present automobile law is a revenue measure, but hold, in accordance with the view expressed by the Supreme Court and above adverted to, that in passing it the Legislature was fully within the powers conferred upon it by the Constitution. The former decisions of our courts upon this subject are fully cited in the opinion in the Cleary Case, and a re-citation of them by us is unnecessary.

It is further contended by the plaintiff in error that, conceding the power of the Legislature to impose license fees upon its own citizens for the purpose of raising revenue, the statute under consideration, because it imposes such fees upon nonresidents passing through the state, and engaged in interstate commerce, violates the commerce provision of the federal Constitution, and is therefore, to that extent, void; that plaintiff in error was so engaged at the time of his arrest; and that for this reason his conviction should be set aside.

We are willing to assume, in the...

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37 practice notes
  • Hudson v. Stuart, 30434
    • United States
    • Mississippi Supreme Court
    • January 16, 1933
    ...600, 209 P. 95; M'Culloch v. Maryland, 4 Wheat. 316, 421, 4 L.Ed. 579, 605; Kane v. New Jersey, 242 U.S. 160, 61 L.Ed. 222, 37 S.Ct. 30; 81 N. J. L. 594; L.R.A. 1917, 553, 80 A. 453, Ann. Cas. 1912D, 237; Northern Kentucky Transp. Co. v. Bellvue, 215 Ky. 514, 285 S.W. 241; Hendricks v. Mary......
  • State v. Caplan
    • United States
    • Vermont United States State Supreme Court of Vermont
    • January 8, 1927
    ...167; Camas Stage Co. v. Kozer, 104 Or. 600, 209 P. 95, 25 A. L. R. 27, 36; 4 Cooley, Tax. (4th Ed.) 1784; Kane v. State, 81 N. J. Law, 594, 80 A. 453, L. R. A. 1917B, 553, 555, Ann. Cas. 1912D, That the Legislature has the power to impose such excise taxes is unquestioned. State v. Harringt......
  • Morf v. Ingels, No. 759.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. United States District Court (Southern District of California)
    • May 5, 1936
    ...of automobiles and is based primarily upon the amount of destruction caused by them. Kane v. State of New Jersey (1911) 81 N.J.Law, 594, 80 A. 453, L.R.A.1917B, 553, Ann.Cas.1912D, 237. Notwithstanding this, courts have left it to the Legislatures of the various states to determine the form......
  • Am. Trucking Ass'ns, Inc. v. Alviti, No. 19-1316
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (1st Circuit)
    • December 5, 2019
    ...lay out and construct such improved public roads, and charge reasonable tolls to all persons using the same." (quoting Kane v. Titus, 81 N.J.L. 594, 80 A. 453, 454 (1911) )); see also Curren, 63 N.E.2d at 747 (state-owned toll highway).7 Rhode Island also points to a secondary purpose of th......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
37 cases
  • Hudson v. Stuart, 30434
    • United States
    • Mississippi Supreme Court
    • January 16, 1933
    ...600, 209 P. 95; M'Culloch v. Maryland, 4 Wheat. 316, 421, 4 L.Ed. 579, 605; Kane v. New Jersey, 242 U.S. 160, 61 L.Ed. 222, 37 S.Ct. 30; 81 N. J. L. 594; L.R.A. 1917, 553, 80 A. 453, Ann. Cas. 1912D, 237; Northern Kentucky Transp. Co. v. Bellvue, 215 Ky. 514, 285 S.W. 241; Hendricks v. Mary......
  • State v. Caplan
    • United States
    • Vermont United States State Supreme Court of Vermont
    • January 8, 1927
    ...167; Camas Stage Co. v. Kozer, 104 Or. 600, 209 P. 95, 25 A. L. R. 27, 36; 4 Cooley, Tax. (4th Ed.) 1784; Kane v. State, 81 N. J. Law, 594, 80 A. 453, L. R. A. 1917B, 553, 555, Ann. Cas. 1912D, That the Legislature has the power to impose such excise taxes is unquestioned. State v. Harringt......
  • Morf v. Ingels, No. 759.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. United States District Court (Southern District of California)
    • May 5, 1936
    ...of automobiles and is based primarily upon the amount of destruction caused by them. Kane v. State of New Jersey (1911) 81 N.J.Law, 594, 80 A. 453, L.R.A.1917B, 553, Ann.Cas.1912D, 237. Notwithstanding this, courts have left it to the Legislatures of the various states to determine the form......
  • Am. Trucking Ass'ns, Inc. v. Alviti, No. 19-1316
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (1st Circuit)
    • December 5, 2019
    ...lay out and construct such improved public roads, and charge reasonable tolls to all persons using the same." (quoting Kane v. Titus, 81 N.J.L. 594, 80 A. 453, 454 (1911) )); see also Curren, 63 N.E.2d at 747 (state-owned toll highway).7 Rhode Island also points to a secondary purpose of th......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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