Kehm Corp. v. United States, No. 48580.

CourtCourt of Federal Claims
Writing for the CourtJONES, , and LITTLETON, WHITAKER, MADDEN and HOWELL
Citation119 Ct. Cl. 454,93 F. Supp. 620
Docket NumberNo. 48580.
Decision Date07 November 1950
PartiesKEHM CORP. v. UNITED STATES.

93 F. Supp. 620
119 Ct. Cl. 454

KEHM CORP.
v.
UNITED STATES.

No. 48580.

United States Court of Claims.

November 7, 1950.


93 F. Supp. 621

George E. Strong, Washington, D. C., John Graydon Harlan, Washington, D. C., on the brief, for plaintiff.

Benton C. Tolley, Jr., Washington, D. C., H. G. Morison, Asst. Atty. Gen., for defendant.

Before JONES, Chief Judge, and LITTLETON, WHITAKER, MADDEN and HOWELL, Judges.

HOWELL, Judge.

On October 8, 1943, the plaintiff contracted with the United States to manufacture for the Navy 2,800 concrete practice bombs, 2,500 to be 100-pound bombs and 300 to be 1,000-pound bombs. Plaintiff had two plants, one at Miami, Florida, where the 1,000-pound bombs were manufactured, and one at nearby Fort Lauderdale, where the 100-pound bombs were

93 F. Supp. 622
manufactured. The completed bombs were to include tail assemblies which were to be furnished by the defendant. Delivery of the bombs, complete with tail assemblies, was to be made within 45 days, that is, by November 22, 1943. As it turned out, the last shipment was not made until April 12, 1944. Plaintiff has been paid the contract price, and now sues here for an additional $21,737.94 as compensation for losses and damages allegedly sustained as a result of delays caused by the Government which retarded completion of the contract. The period for which damages are sought ended April 7, 1944, and plaintiff's claim was first filed with the contracting officer on April 8, 1944. The case at this stage is limited under our Rule 39(b), 28 U.S.C.A., to a determination of whether the United States is liable for any part of the money sought to be recovered

The contract did not specify what type of tail assemblies was to be supplied by the Government, nor when. There were two types, service and practice. The methods of manufacturing the bombs differed depending on the type of tail to be used. Practice tails must be cast integrally with the concrete, which means that the bomb cannot be cast until the tail is actually on hand. Service tails are attached after the concrete casting has been completed, and it is feasible therefore to cast the bomb before receipt of the tail. In the initial stage of the negotiations leading up to the contract, it was contemplated that practice tails would be used. Prior to the signing of the contract, however, plaintiff was informed that service tails were desired and would be supplied. The Navy did not have sufficient tail assemblies and had to procure them by special orders. At the time the contract was signed, the Navy had not ordered any service tails for 100-pound bombs, although it had ordered 500 practice tails on September 10. Plaintiff, however, had been led to expect service tails.

On October 16, the Government delivered the 500 practice tails to plaintiff at Fort Lauderdale. Plaintiff had already commenced making molds for bombs to which service tails could be attached. A week was lost while plaintiff attempted to determine whether the delivery of practice tails was a mistake or whether it indicated a change in the last expressed intention of the Navy, which was that service tails would be supplied. Plaintiff was again assured that service tails were wanted and would be furnished for the major part of the bombs. Plaintiff was instructed, however, to proceed with the manufacture of the bombs with the tails at hand, that is, with the practice tails. Plaintiff had previously cast some test sample bombs with practice tails and had about a dozen or two of these molds on hand. Other molds for practice tail bombs were made, and plaintiff had 500 100-pound bombs, equipped with practice tails, ready for delivery by November 22, 1943, the date by which the contract was supposed to have been completed.

Three days earlier, on November 19, two more shipments of tails were received. One shipment, to Fort Lauderdale. was of 500 more practice tails for 100-pound bombs; the other, to Miami, consisted of 500 service tails for 1,000-pound bombs. This was the first shipment of tails for 1,000-pound bombs and was of the expected type. Plaintiff proceeded with the manufacture of 1,000-pound bombs, and the 300 called for in the contract were ready for delivery by the end of December.

No more tails were received by plaintiff until February 23, 1944, when 2,050 service tails for 100-pound bombs were received. These tails had not even been ordered by the Government until November 12, 1943, and an additional shipping order for them had to be issued on January 25, 1944. After receipt of this shipment, manufacture of 100-pound bombs was resumed and all casting was completed at Fort Lauderdale by March 10, 1944. Plaintiff then closed its Fort Lauderdale plant and moved the undelivered 100-pound bombs to Miami. Some of the tails for this last group of bombs were not attached until after the bombs had reached the Miami plant.

Plaintiff was unable to complete manufacture of the bombs by November 22, 1943, because of defendant's delay in furnishing the tails. Furthermore, the delivery of practice tails on October 16 and of practice

93 F. Supp. 623
and service tails on November 19 was confusing; this in itself caused some delay. Plaintiff was frequently assured, however, that service tails had been ordered and could be expected momentarily. Plaintiff's vice-president testified that during the period from November 19, 1943, to February 23, 1944, he expected the service tails "almost on a daily basis." Plaintiff proceeded with the manufacture of the bombs as rapidly as the tails were received, and all were completed within 45 days of receipt of tails for them

Plaintiff was further delayed by the defendant's failure to accept the bombs as they were completed. The contract called for delivery to the Naval Air Station at Fort Lauderdale. Finding 14 sets out the amounts delivered in the various shipments, where delivered, and when. The first bombs were delivered on November 23, the last not until April 12. Deliveries were made on common carrier trucks; Government bills of lading, readily supplied by defendant, were used. However, deliveries could be made only as rapidly as defendant's Supply Officers would agree to accept the bombs. If deliveries had been made without the prior approval of the Supply Officers at the...

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26 practice notes
  • JL Simmons Company v. United States, No. 186-59.
    • United States
    • Court of Federal Claims
    • 16 de julho de 1969
    ...or otherwise the fault of the Government. We have made this distinction before (see, e. g., Kehm Corp. v. United States, 83 F.Supp. 620, 119 Ct.Cl. 454 (1950)), and we adhere to it now. 325 F.2d at 457-458, 163 Ct. Cl. at In its reply brief, defendant relies on a relatively recent decision ......
  • Sun Oil Co. v. United States, No. 806-71.
    • United States
    • Court of Federal Claims
    • 22 de fevereiro de 1978
    ...was under an implied duty to do "whatever is necessary to enable plaintiffs to perform," citing Kehm Corp. v. United States, 93 F.Supp. 620, 623, 119 Ct.Cl. 454, 469 (1950). However, that case also states: "The implication implied duty is sometimes defeated by Plaintiffs' imp......
  • Merritt-Chapman & Scott Corporation v. United States, No. 44-66.
    • United States
    • Court of Federal Claims
    • 15 de julho de 1970
    ...on Contracts, sections 677, 1318; Chalender v. United States, 119 F.Supp. 186, 127 Ct. Cl. 557, 563; Kehm Corp. v. United States, 93 F.Supp. 620, 119 Ct.Cl. 454, 24 Note 14 supra. 25 H. E. Crook Co. v. United States, 270 U.S. 4, 46 S.Ct. 184, 70 L.Ed. 438 (1926); Chouteau v. United States, ......
  • United States v. Utah Construction and Mining Co, No. 440
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • 6 de junho de 1966
    ...has been unreasonable. See Fuller Co. v. United States, 69 F.Supp. 409, 108 Ct.Cl. 70, 90—102 (1947); Kehm Corp. v. United States, 93 F.Supp. 620, 119 Ct.Cl. 454, 465—473 (1950). The issue raised by the decision of the Court of Claims respecting the Pier Drilling and Shield Window claims is......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
26 cases
  • JL Simmons Company v. United States, No. 186-59.
    • United States
    • Court of Federal Claims
    • 16 de julho de 1969
    ...or otherwise the fault of the Government. We have made this distinction before (see, e. g., Kehm Corp. v. United States, 83 F.Supp. 620, 119 Ct.Cl. 454 (1950)), and we adhere to it now. 325 F.2d at 457-458, 163 Ct. Cl. at In its reply brief, defendant relies on a relatively recent decision ......
  • Sun Oil Co. v. United States, No. 806-71.
    • United States
    • Court of Federal Claims
    • 22 de fevereiro de 1978
    ...was under an implied duty to do "whatever is necessary to enable plaintiffs to perform," citing Kehm Corp. v. United States, 93 F.Supp. 620, 623, 119 Ct.Cl. 454, 469 (1950). However, that case also states: "The implication implied duty is sometimes defeated by Plaintiffs' imp......
  • Merritt-Chapman & Scott Corporation v. United States, No. 44-66.
    • United States
    • Court of Federal Claims
    • 15 de julho de 1970
    ...on Contracts, sections 677, 1318; Chalender v. United States, 119 F.Supp. 186, 127 Ct. Cl. 557, 563; Kehm Corp. v. United States, 93 F.Supp. 620, 119 Ct.Cl. 454, 24 Note 14 supra. 25 H. E. Crook Co. v. United States, 270 U.S. 4, 46 S.Ct. 184, 70 L.Ed. 438 (1926); Chouteau v. United States, ......
  • United States v. Utah Construction and Mining Co, No. 440
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • 6 de junho de 1966
    ...has been unreasonable. See Fuller Co. v. United States, 69 F.Supp. 409, 108 Ct.Cl. 70, 90—102 (1947); Kehm Corp. v. United States, 93 F.Supp. 620, 119 Ct.Cl. 454, 465—473 (1950). The issue raised by the decision of the Court of Claims respecting the Pier Drilling and Shield Window claims is......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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