Kiddie Knead Baking Co. v. Bolen, 16206.

Docket NºNo. 16206.
Citation17 N.E.2d 477, 106 Ind.App. 131
Case DateNovember 28, 1938
CourtCourt of Appeals of Indiana

106 Ind.App. 131
17 N.E.2d 477


No. 16206.

Appellate Court of Indiana, in Banc.

November 28, 1938.

Appeal from Industrial Board.

Proceeding under the Workmen's Compensation Act, Burns' Ann.St.1933, § 40-1201 et seq., by Ray Bolen, claimant, opposed by the Kiddie Knead Baking Company, employer, and the Lumbermen's Mutual Casualty Company, insurer. From an award of the full Industrial Board, the employer and insurer appeal.

Award affirmed.

[17 N.E.2d 478]

James L. Murray, of Indianapolis, for appellants.

Long & Yarlott and Frederick Landis, all of Logansport, for appellee.


The appellants in this case, the Kiddie Knead Baking Company and the Lumbermen's Mutual Casualty Company, prosecute this appeal from an award of compensation made to the appellee, Ray Bolen, by a majority of the Industrial Board, for injuries alleged to have been sustained by appellee, Ray Bolen, as a result of an accidental injury which occurred on the 24th day of July, 1937.

The only error assigned by the appellants is that the final award of the full Industrial Board of Indiana is contrary to law.

A study of the briefs of the parties and a review of the evidence heard by the Industrial Board in this case disclose the following facts: The appellee, Ray Bolen, was a salesman employed by the Kiddie Knead Baking Company of Logansport, Indiana. At the time of his employment and at the time of the injury complained of in this case, he was living with his family at a point about four miles north of Logansport. His work as a salesman for the appellant company consisted of the sale of bakery products to customers along a specified route in a territory north of Logansport. The route traveled by the appellee was approximately 175 miles in length and it was the duty of the appellee to cover this route daily for the purposes of making sales and deliveries of bakery products to the stores and customers along the way. In traveling this route the appellee operated his own truck, paid his own expenses and was paid a salary by the Kiddie Knead Baking Company on a commission basis with a minimum guarantee of $24 per week. The appellee, Mr. Bolen, had been working for Kiddie Knead Baking Company on this route for about three months, distributing bread, pastries, rolls and cookies, selling to the customers of the baking company along the route and to any others who might wish to buy. At the time Mr. Bolen started to work for the company, a representative of the baking company went with him over the route to acquaint him with their customers and to give him the necessary instructions as to the conduct of the business. A supervisor also covered the route at various intervals to check the stock and make inquiries as to whether the services were satisfactory.

It was the custom of Mr. Bolen to leave his home early in the morning and drive to the bakery at Logansport where he would load his truck with the bread and pastries needed for his deliveries on that day. He usually called at the bakery between the hours of 3:00 and 5:00 o'clock in the morning and loaded his truck. The products taken by him each morning were charged to his account by the baking company and he was permitted to sell the same to any one on the route who wished to buy at a price fixed by the baking company. At the end of the day it was his duty to report to the baking company the amount of his sales; turn in his cash collected, and return any unsold products. His account was credited with any unsold products returned and at the end of the week he was paid his salary, based upon the volume of merchandise sold. His average weekly wage on a commission basis was about $26.38.

It is disclosed by the evidence that the baking company desired a return of the unsold products and they considered it a part of the job on which the appellee

[17 N.E.2d 479]

Bolen was employed to return this unsold bread and pastries.

On the afternoon of July 23, 1937, the appellee, Bolen, came home from his route between two and three o'clock with unsold baking products in his truck consisting of cookies, several packages of rolls and 25 loaves of bread. He was suffering from a headache and a cold and asked his wife to check in his sales at the baking company's plant for him. They then went out to the truck and discovered that some repairs were necessary on the truck and the appellee, Bolen, and his wife drove the truck to a filling station in Logansport some three or four blocks from the baking company's place of business and while the truck was being repaired, Mrs. Bolen took the cash and receipts for the day's business to the baking company's office and delivered them to the bookkeeper with the statement that the bread and pastries left in the truck would be delivered by Mr. Bolen the next morning. This arrangement was satisfactory with the baking company. On the morning of July 24, 1937, Mr. Bolen...

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9 cases
  • Mid Continent Petroleum Corporation v. Vicars, 17055.
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • February 2, 1943
    ......Anderson, 1934, 99 Ind.App. 428, 192 N.E. 762;. Kiddie Knead Baking Co. v. Bolen, 1939, 106 Ind.App. 131, 17 ......
  • Mid-Continent Petroleum Corp. v. Vicars, 17055.
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • February 2, 1943
    ...92 Ind.App. 90, 174 N.E. 293;Lasear, Inc., v. Anderson, 1934, 99 Ind.App. 428, 192 N.E. 762;Kiddie Knead Baking Co. v. Bolen, 1939, 106 Ind.App. 131, 17 N.E.2d 477;Syler & Syler v. Luse, 1936, 103 Ind.App. 47, 5 N.E. 2d 130;Dost v. McGill Mfg. Co., 1938, 105 Ind.App. 646, 16 N.E.2d 973. [2]......
  • Crites v. Baker, 771A124
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • December 16, 1971
    ......, supra was quoted with approval by this Court in Kiddie Knead Baking Co. v. Bolen, 106 Ind.App. 131, 17 N.E.2d 477, ......
  • Wayne Adams Buick, Inc. v. Ference, 2-1280A395
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • June 16, 1981
    ...It is referred to as the "peril of the street" doctrine and was recited in Kiddie Knead Baking Company et al. v. Bolen, (1938) 106 Ind.App. 131, 17 N.E.2d " 'If a servant in the course of his master's business has to pass along the public street, whether it be on foot or on a bicycle, or on......
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