Kimmons v. Jefferson County Board of Education, 6 Div. 73

CourtSupreme Court of Alabama
Writing for the CourtGARDNER, J. (after stating the facts as above.
Citation85 So. 774,204 Ala. 384
Docket Number6 Div. 73
Decision Date25 June 1920

85 So. 774

204 Ala. 384


6 Div. 73

Supreme Court of Alabama

June 25, 1920

Appeal from Circuit Court, Jefferson County; Dan A. Greene, Judge.

Bill by J.I. Kimmons against the Board of Education of Jefferson County and others to enjoin the issuance of certain warrants for building purposes. From a decree denying relief, complainant appeals. Affirmed. [85 So. 775]

Weakley & Rice, of Birmingham, for appellant.

Joseph R. Tate, of Birmingham, for appellees.

GARDNER, J. (after stating the facts as above.

The bill in this case questions the authority of the board of education of Jefferson county in the issuance and sale of $25,000 of 6 per cent. warrants for the purpose of erecting a school building for school district No. 8-A of Jefferson county. Provisions for the sale of such warrants are to be found in what is commonly referred to as the "School Code" (Acts 1919, p. 567).

It is first insisted that this act is void as in contravention of section 45, art. 4, of the Constitution, which declares that each law shall contain but one subject, which shall be clearly expressed in its title. There is expressed in the title of the act one clear, comprehensive subject, "to provide a complete [85 So. 776] educational system for the state of Alabama"; then follows a complete index as to each minor subject contained in the body of the act, all of which bear relation to the comprehensive subject above expressed. We think it quite clear that the act is free from the constitutional objection above referred to. Ballentyne v. Wickersham, 75 Ala. 533.

The suggestion that the law is a local one, for the reason at the time of its passage there may be in the state certain localities where there is no need for its operation, is also without merit. State ex rel. Collman v. Pitts, 160 Ala. 133, 49 So. 441, 686, 135 Am.St.Rep. 79.

It is next insisted that the issuance of these warrants is unauthorized, for the reason they are so framed as to constitute a negotiable instrument, and therefore be in effect a bond, the issuance of which is prohibited by section 222 of the Constitution, unless authorized by a majority vote of the qualified voters as therein prescribed.

This brings us to a consideration of that part of the above-cited act relating to the county board of education. In article 5 the general administration and supervision of public schools and of the educational interests of each county (cities of 2,000 or more inhabitants excepted) are vested in the county board of education, except as otherwise provided by law. The compensation for services of members of such county boards is had from the public school funds of the counties. The county board selects some suitable person to act as treasurer of the public school funds of the county, who shall receive and take charge of all funds of that character and pay out the same upon the written order of the county board of education. All property and funds for public school purposes are transferred to and vested in said boards and their successors in office; and any property granted, conveyed, or bequeathed for the use of any particular county, school district, or public school, is to be held in trust by said board for the benefit of such county, school district, or public school. The board is also given authority, upon the recommendation of the county superintendent of education, to borrow money on the credit of the school fund of the county to meet salaries of teachers and current expenses when the current funds on hand are not sufficient, to be secured by a pledge of the current revenues of the year. Section 26, among other powers, gives the county board the right to purchase by condemnation proceedings property for school purposes, and also gives the board the power to sue and contract, with the provision that "all processes shall be executed by service on the executive officer of the board."

Article 12 provides for the three-mill county and district...

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48 cases
  • State v. Inman, 8 Div. 33.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • February 22, 1940
    ...229 Ala. 50, 155 So. 859; Alabama State Bridge Corp. v. Smith, 217 Ala. 311, 116 So. 695; Kimmons v. Jefferson County Board of Education, 204 Ala. 384, So. 774; Harman v. Alabama College, 235 Ala. 148, 177 So. 747. "It should be stated at the present time that the resolution of the board, o......
  • State Docks Commission v. Barnes, 1 Div. 723.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • October 6, 1932
    ...649; Autauga County v. Davis, 32 Ala. 703. Cities and school boards are subject to the same comment. Kimmons v. Jefferson County Board, 204 Ala. 384, 85 So. 774; Board of Education of Escambia County v. Watts, 19 Ala. App. 7, 95 So. 498; Ex parte Watts, 209 Ala. 115, 95 So. 502; Hughes v. H......
  • Board of Revenue of Jefferson County v. Hewitt, 6 Div. 233.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • June 30, 1921
    ...County Bank, 204 Ala. 229, 86 So. 37; Shoemaker v. State, 17 Ala.App. 461, 86 So. 151; Kimmons v. Jefferson County Board of Education, 204 Ala. 384, 85 So. 774; Dunning v. Holcombe, 203 Ala. 546, 84 So. 740; Pillans v. Hancock, 203 Ala. 570, 84 So. 757; Ex parte Johnson, 203 Ala. 578, 84 So......
  • Garrett v. Colbert County Bd. of Educ., 8 Div. 587
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • December 14, 1950
    ...was applied in Farned v. Bolding, supra. Some of those cases may be cited as follows: Kimmons v. Jefferson County Board of Education, 204 Ala. 384, 85 So. 774; In re. Opinion of the Justices, 231 Ala. 152(6), 164 So. 572; Johnson v. City of Sheffield, 236 Ala. 411, 183 So. 265; White v. May......
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