Klinedinst v. State, No. 26449

CourtCourt of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
Writing for the CourtWOODLEY; MORRISON
Citation265 S.W.2d 593,159 Tex.Crim. 510
Docket NumberNo. 26449
Decision Date27 May 1953
PartiesKLINEDINST v. STATE.

Page 593

265 S.W.2d 593
159 Tex.Crim. 510
KLINEDINST

v.
STATE.
No. 26449.
Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas.
May 27, 1953.
Rehearing Denied Oct. 14, 1953.
Writ of Certiorari Danied March 15, 1954.

See 74 S.Ct. 534.

[159 Tex.Crim. 512]

Page 596

Edgar L. Smith and Albert Reagan, Dallas, for appellant.

Henry Wade, Crim. Dist. Atty., George P. Blackburn, and James K. Allen, Asst. Crim. Dist. Attys., Dallas, Wesley Dice, State's Atty., of Austin, for the State.

WOODLEY, Judge.

The conviction is for rape of a twelve year old girl; the punishment, death.

The victim testified that she was twice ravished by appellant in the presence of and with the assistance of his common-law wife. The rape occurred on August 30, 1952, near the shores of White Rock Lake in Dallas County, where appellant and his wife had taken the child for a picnic and swim.

The three remained at the lake throughout the night, and on the following morning they went to appellant's residence, secured a camera and then went to a wooded area along a creek near Lemon Avenue, in Dallas.

At this place, according to the prosecutrix and to appellant's confession, appellant engaged in an act of intercourse with the child. Appellant's wife took pictures of the prosecutrix and appellant while in the act of intercourse, and then of appellant holding the breast and hand of the nude girl.

Appellant did not testify, and his court appointed attorneys defended on insanity alone as a defense.

[159 Tex.Crim. 513] An affidavit of present insanity was filed, accompanied by a request for preliminary trial on that issue, but after a jury was selected the request was withdrawn. The issue of insanity at the time of the offense and at the time of the trial were submitted at the main trial.

All of the formal bills of exception are the court's bills. Appellant presented his bills of exception Nos. 30 to 43 for approval and each was qualified by the trial judge. Appellant excepted to the qualifications and the trial judge made the bill as qualified a part of his bill on the subject, certifying to the correctness of the original bills as so qualified.

Appellant not having filed bystanders' bills, the bills so prepared by the trial judge are entitled to be considered.

Bill No. 30 complains of the overruling of appellant's motion for change of venue which was filed prior to the selection of a jury to hear the insanity issue.

An examination of the testimony heard on the motion for change of venue and the state's controverting affidavit convinces us that the trial judge did not abuse his discretion in refusing to change the venue.

There is nothing in the record to indicate that there was any prejudgment of appellant's sanity or insanity, which counsel considers to be the sole controverted issue, nor was prejudice against appellant in Dallas County shown.

Bill No. 31 complains of the overruling of appellant's challenge for cause to the juror Fred Furneaux after his peremptory challenges had been exhausted. Appellant's ground of challenge was that the juror stated to the court and counsel that he had formed and then entertained an opinion in the case of such a nature that evidence would be required to remove it.

The trial judge certifies in this bill that Furneaux stated '* * * that he had read some in the newspaper about the case and had formed some slight opinion but that any opinion that he had he could set it aside and not let it affect his verdict in any manner, and that he would base his verdict solely upon the sworn testimony heard in the trial.'

It is further certified that after having answered that he [159 Tex.Crim. 514] had formed some opinion from what he had read in the newspaper,

Page 597

and hearing the explanation of the court, the juror stated that if accepted on the jury he would base his decision solely upon the sworn testimony from the witness stand and the law as the court gave it to him.

The fact that a prospective juror declares that he has formed an opinion and that it would take some evidence to remove it does not necessarily disqualify him. If he satisfies the court that he can and will lay aside the opinion he has formed from hearsay or from newspaper accounts and base his verdict alone on the testimony admitted on the trial, the court in his discretion may hold him qualified. Pugh v. State, 148 Tex.Cr.R. 277, 186 S.W.2d 258; Moore v. State, 128 Tex.Cr.R. 459, 81 S.W.2d 1015; Low v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 238 S.W.2d 769; 26 Tex.Jur. p. 766, Sec. 203; Branch's Ann.P.C. 286, Sec. 561.

Bills 36 to 43, inclusive, relate to similar challenges for cause to other jurors, none of which show reversible error for like reasons; the jurors were not shown to have had opinions such as would influence their verdict.

We further observe that in none of the bills is it shown that any juror had formed an opinion on the question of appellant's sanity or insanity, or that any was prejudiced against appellant. In view of the statement of appellant's counsel in the presence of the jury, that the fact that appellant had sexual intercourse with the prosecutrix would not be denied, we fail to see how appellant could have been injured if in fact, before he was taken on the jury, a juror entertained an opinion that the act occurred.

Bill No. 32 complains of the sustaining of the state's objection to appellant's question propounded to prospective juror Barnes as to whether or not he would be prejudiced if it developed during the trial that appellant had been court martialed some twenty times.

The trial court correctly ruled that counsel...

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14 practice notes
  • Freeman v. State, No. 51505
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
    • May 18, 1977
    ...v. State, 171 Tex.Cr.R. 545, 352 S.W.2d 110; Parsons v. State, 160 Tex.R. 387, 271 S.W.2d 643; Klinedinst v. State, 159 Tex.Cr.R. 510, 265 S.W.2d 593. The voir dire of the panel members complained-of in these grounds of error fails to show that they would be influenced as jurors by any opin......
  • McManus v. State, No. 58886
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
    • December 5, 1979
    ...to adequately protect appellant's rights. See Brown v. State, 516 S.W.2d 145 (Tex.Cr.App.1974); Klinedinst v. State, 159 Tex.Cr.R. 510, 265 S.W.2d 593 (1953). This ground of error is Appellant next contends that the trial court erred when it denied his request to impeach Reid Hughes, an ide......
  • State v. Manley
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New Jersey)
    • June 27, 1969
    ...if it developed during the trial that defendant had been court martialled 'some 20 times.' Klinedinst v. State, 159 Tex.Cr.R. 510, 265 S.W.2d 593 (1953); or what his 'verdict would be if he had any reason to disbelieve the witnesses for the state and no reason to disbelieve the witnesses fo......
  • Henley v. State, Nos. 53561-53566
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
    • December 20, 1978
    ...at trial. Freeman v. State, supra; Adami v. State, supra; Scott v. State, 490 S.W.2d 578 (Tex.Cr.App.1973); Klinedinst Page 81 v. State, 265 S.W.2d 593 (Tex.Cr.App.1954), Cert. denied 347 U.S. 933, 74 S.Ct. 534, 98 L.Ed. 1082 To demand that a criminal defendant be tried in a community untou......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
14 cases
  • Freeman v. State, No. 51505
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
    • May 18, 1977
    ...v. State, 171 Tex.Cr.R. 545, 352 S.W.2d 110; Parsons v. State, 160 Tex.R. 387, 271 S.W.2d 643; Klinedinst v. State, 159 Tex.Cr.R. 510, 265 S.W.2d 593. The voir dire of the panel members complained-of in these grounds of error fails to show that they would be influenced as jurors by any opin......
  • McManus v. State, No. 58886
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
    • December 5, 1979
    ...to adequately protect appellant's rights. See Brown v. State, 516 S.W.2d 145 (Tex.Cr.App.1974); Klinedinst v. State, 159 Tex.Cr.R. 510, 265 S.W.2d 593 (1953). This ground of error is Appellant next contends that the trial court erred when it denied his request to impeach Reid Hughes, an ide......
  • State v. Manley
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New Jersey)
    • June 27, 1969
    ...if it developed during the trial that defendant had been court martialled 'some 20 times.' Klinedinst v. State, 159 Tex.Cr.R. 510, 265 S.W.2d 593 (1953); or what his 'verdict would be if he had any reason to disbelieve the witnesses for the state and no reason to disbelieve the witnesses fo......
  • Henley v. State, Nos. 53561-53566
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
    • December 20, 1978
    ...at trial. Freeman v. State, supra; Adami v. State, supra; Scott v. State, 490 S.W.2d 578 (Tex.Cr.App.1973); Klinedinst Page 81 v. State, 265 S.W.2d 593 (Tex.Cr.App.1954), Cert. denied 347 U.S. 933, 74 S.Ct. 534, 98 L.Ed. 1082 To demand that a criminal defendant be tried in a community untou......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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