Kramer v. Cury

CourtNew York Supreme Court Appellate Division
Citation2012 N.Y. Slip Op. 00913,92 A.D.3d 484,937 N.Y.S.2d 855
PartiesJoseph KRAMER, Plaintiff–Respondent, v. Virginia CURY, Defendant–Respondent,Marty Chan, et al., Defendants,V.S.R. Mechanical Corp., Defendant–Appellant.[And a Third Party Action].
Decision Date09 February 2012

2012 N.Y. Slip Op. 00913
92 A.D.3d 484
937 N.Y.S.2d 855

Joseph KRAMER, Plaintiff–Respondent,
v.
Virginia CURY, Defendant–Respondent,Marty Chan, et al., Defendants,V.S.R. Mechanical Corp., Defendant–Appellant.
[And a Third Party Action].

Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department, New York.

Feb. 9, 2012.


Ahmuty, Demers & McManus, Albertson (Brendan T. Fitzpatrick of counsel), for appellant.

The Dauti Law Firm, P.C., New York (Ylber Albert Dauti of counsel), for Joseph Kramer, respondent.

Law Office of James J. Toomey, New York (Evy Kazansky of counsel), for Virginia Cury, respondent.

[92 A.D.3d 485] Order, Supreme Court, Bronx County (John A. Barone, J.), entered October 27, 2010, which, insofar as appealed from, denied the motion of defendant plaintiff V.S.R. Mechanical Corp. (V.S.R) for summary judgment dismissing the complaint and all cross claims as against it, unanimously affirmed, without costs.

Dismissal of the complaint as against V.S.R is not warranted in this action where plaintiff sustained injuries when he allegedly fell in a trench in the workshop of a boat motor repair shop. “[A] contractual obligation, standing alone, will generally not give rise to tort liability in favor of a third party” ( Espinal v. Melville Snow Contrs., 98 N.Y.2d 136, 138, 746 N.Y.S.2d 120, 773 N.E.2d 485 [2002] ). However, “an exception exists where a contractor who undertakes to perform services pursuant to a contract negligently creates or exacerbates a dangerous condition by launching its own ‘force or instrument of harm’ ” ( Cornell v. 360 W. 51st St. Realty, LLC, 51 A.D.3d 469, 470, 857 N.Y.S.2d 124 [2008], quoting Moch Co. v. Rensselaer Water Co., 247 N.Y. 160, 168, 159 N.E. 896 [1928] ). Here, the record presents triable issues of fact as to whether V.S.R directed the digging of the subject trench, and did further digging in it once the trench was created ( see Grant v. Caprice Mgt. Corp., 43 A.D.3d 708, 841 N.Y.S.2d 555 [2007] ).

TOM, J.P., SWEENY, ACOSTA, RENWICK, ROMÁN, JJ., concur.

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3 practice notes
  • Tuchman v. Deam Props. (Us), LLC, Index No. 101056/2010
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New York)
    • April 25, 2014
    ...factual issuesPage 6remain regarding whether Everest Realty created the conditions causing the October 20 09 leak. Kramer v. Cury, 92 A.D.3d 484, 485 (1st Dep't 2012); Lopez v. New York Life Ins. Co., 90 A.D.3d at 447-48; Singh v. United Cerebral Palsy of N.Y. City, Inc., 72 A.D.3d 272, 278......
  • Anne S. v. Peter S.
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • February 9, 2012
    ...& Cavallo LLP, New York (Sandra L. Schpoont of counsel), attorney for the children.TOM, J.P., SWEENY, ACOSTA, RENWICK, ROMÁN, JJ. [92 A.D.3d 484] Orders, Supreme Court, New York County (Matthew F. Cooper, J.), entered August 29, 2011 and August 31, 2011, which, insofar as appealed from as l......
  • Cardenas v. Somerset Partners, LLC, 5611
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • February 6, 2018
    ...98 N.Y.2d 136, 141–142, 746 N.Y.S.2d 120, 773 N.E.2d 485 [2002] [internal quotation marks and emphasis omitted]; see Kramer v. Cury, 92 A.D.3d 484, 937 N.Y.S.2d 855 [1st Dept. 2012] ; Grant v. Caprice Mgt. Corp., 43 A.D.3d 708, 841 N.Y.S.2d 555 [1st Dept. 2007]...
3 cases
  • Tuchman v. Deam Props. (Us), LLC, Index No. 101056/2010
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New York)
    • April 25, 2014
    ...factual issuesPage 6remain regarding whether Everest Realty created the conditions causing the October 20 09 leak. Kramer v. Cury, 92 A.D.3d 484, 485 (1st Dep't 2012); Lopez v. New York Life Ins. Co., 90 A.D.3d at 447-48; Singh v. United Cerebral Palsy of N.Y. City, Inc., 72 A.D.3d 272, 278......
  • Anne S. v. Peter S.
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • February 9, 2012
    ...& Cavallo LLP, New York (Sandra L. Schpoont of counsel), attorney for the children.TOM, J.P., SWEENY, ACOSTA, RENWICK, ROMÁN, JJ. [92 A.D.3d 484] Orders, Supreme Court, New York County (Matthew F. Cooper, J.), entered August 29, 2011 and August 31, 2011, which, insofar as appealed from as l......
  • Cardenas v. Somerset Partners, LLC, 5611
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • February 6, 2018
    ...98 N.Y.2d 136, 141–142, 746 N.Y.S.2d 120, 773 N.E.2d 485 [2002] [internal quotation marks and emphasis omitted]; see Kramer v. Cury, 92 A.D.3d 484, 937 N.Y.S.2d 855 [1st Dept. 2012] ; Grant v. Caprice Mgt. Corp., 43 A.D.3d 708, 841 N.Y.S.2d 555 [1st Dept. 2007]...

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