Lacey v. Deaton, 6 Div. 519.

CourtAlabama Supreme Court
Writing for the CourtTHOMAS, Justice.
Citation228 Ala. 368,153 So. 650
Decision Date22 March 1934
Docket Number6 Div. 519.

153 So. 650

228 Ala. 368


6 Div. 519.

Supreme Court of Alabama

March 22, 1934

Appeal from Circuit Court, Jefferson County; Roger Snyder, Judge.

Action for damages by Jeffie Lee Deaton against J. E. Lacey. From a judgment for plaintiff, defendant appeals.

Transferred from Court of Appeals under section 7326, Code of 1923.

Affirmed. [153 So. 651]

G. P. Benton, of Fairfield, for appellant.

Fred G. Koenig, of Birmingham, for appellee.

THOMAS, Justice.

The suit was for personal injuries caused by the falling of plastering on plaintiff-the tenant-from the ceiling of a rented house belonging to defendant. Plaintiff charged that the defective and unsafe condition was not known to her, was not obvious; that it was concealed and not to be discovered by the exercise of ordinary care.

The verdict and judgment went for plaintiff.

It is the general rule, that while a landlord does not impliedly warrant the safety of the premises, or that they are fit for the purpose for which they are rented, if he conceals or fails to disclose to the tenant dangerous defects known to him, when the circumstances impose the duty to disclose, and when such defects are not known to the tenant and not discoverable by reasonable examination by such tenant, the former is liable for injuries caused and suffered by reason thereof by the tenant. Smith v. Hallock, 210 Ala. 529, 98 So. 781; Scoggins v. Atlantic & G. P. Cement Co., 179 Ala. 213, 223, 60 So. 175; Anderson v. Robinson, 182 Ala. 615, 62 So. 512, 47 L. R. A. (N. S.) 330, Ann. Cas. 1915D, 829; Morgan v. Sheppard, 156 Ala. 403, 47 So. 147; Adler v. Miller, 218 Ala. 674, 120 So. 153; Gulf Electric Co. v. Fried, 218 Ala. 684, 691, 119 So. 685, and authorities.

In this case there was evidence, or reasonable inferences therefrom, of an agreement to repair which entered into the contract of renting. Adler v. Miller, supra; Gulf Electric Co. v. Fried, supra; Smith v. Hallock, supra; Macke v. Sutterer, 224 Ala. 681, 141 So. 651; Morgan v. Sheppard, 156 Ala. 403, 47 So. 147. Of this the plaintiff said:

"Mr Lacey came back to the house after I looked at this house and asked which of the three houses I wanted and I told him that number 329 was the size house I wanted and he said he would repair it if I rented it. He said he would tear all the old plastering and paper out and repaper and replaster the whole house throughout and would put in a bath tub if I rented it, and he wanted to charge twenty-five dollars but I told him I would not pay but twenty and I rented it from him for twenty dollars after it was fixed. I did not go back to the house while it was being repaired-I did not go back any more. I moved in there later on the 28th of October. When I went in there the room in which I was later injured had pretty paper on it, as smooth as it could be. I did not see anything out of the ordinary in the ceiling when I moved in there."

This was positively denied by the defendant, saying:

"She wanted the door casings-the doors had been painted a dark color and the door casings, and I told her I had gone to so much expense I didn't like to go to more, but she said that it did not harmonize with the paper and the paper looked nice and light and she would rather have it done and if I would furnish the paint that she had a boy who was a painter and he would paint it and I told her [153 So. 652] I would do it and she also wanted the bath tub fixed and I agreed to do that. I did not tell her at any time before she moved in the house that I would replaster the whole house. I did not tell her I would replaster the room where she got hurt. I did not replaster any of the house. I did not repaper any of the house for her at that time. * * * We papered the hall and four rooms and it is my best recollection that the two ceilings on the right we did not paper and one was in the room where the plastering fell. I know the ceiling in that room was not papered. I know the plastering in that room had not been touched about that time. I mean for her, just prior to the time she moved in. I did not agree with Mrs. Deaton on or about the 15th of October if she would rent the house that I would remove the plastering from all the walls and the ceilings of all the rooms and replaster all the walls and repaper them. I did not make such an agreement with her. I did not say anything to her at all about replastering the house, as an inducement to get her to move in there. I examined the plastering and the walls in this room where she claims she got hurt before she moved in there, and found it in good condition. I could not see anything wrong with it. The ceiling seemed to be perfect; it might have been soiled the least bit but not enough to repaper it. It is not true that the plastering had fallen off in the ceiling in this particular room just before Mrs. Deaton rented the house. The ceiling was in

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7 cases
  • Southern Furniture Mfg. Co. v. Mobile County, 1 Div. 923
    • United States
    • Alabama Supreme Court
    • 31 Octubre 1963
    ...Ry. Co. v. Chicago Varnish Co., 169 Ala. 287, 53 So. 832; Central of Ga. Ry. Co. v. Chambers, 197 Ala. 93, 72 So. 351; Lacey v. Deaton, 228 Ala. 368, 153 So. 650; Prestwood v. Bohannon, 27 Ala.App. 340, 172 So. 349; W. T. Rawleigh Co. v. Hannon, 32 Ala.App. 147, 22 So.2d 603; Shelley v. Cla......
  • Faucett v. Provident Mut. Life Ins. Co. of Philadelphia, 6 Div. 993.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • 11 Marzo 1943 such case, acquires an estate with the same incidents with regard to the safety of the premises, as tenant in chief. Lacey v. Deaton, 228 Ala. 368, 153 So. 650; Smith v. Hallock, 210 Ala. 529, 98 So. 781; Scoggins v. Atlantic & Gulf Portland Cement Co., 179 Ala. 213, 223, 60 So. 175; And......
  • Helton v. Easter, 1 Div. 890
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Appeals
    • 11 Diciembre 1962
    ...'show' the jury, but the burden on a party to a civil suit is the different one of 'reasonably satisfying' them. Lacey v. Deaton, 228 Ala. 368, 153 So. 650; Walker v. Ingram, 34 Ala.App. 133, 37 So.2d 682, cert. den., 251 Ala. 395, 37 So.2d Assignment No. 37 assigns as error the Trial Judge......
  • Davenport v. Bonner, 4 Div. 27
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • 4 Abril 1963
    ...Ass'n, 241 Ala. 549, 553(1), 3 So.2d 415; Glover v. Birmingham Trust & Savings Co., 239 Ala. 423, 424(2), 195 So. 259; Lacey v. Deaton, 228 Ala. 368, 370--371(2), 153 So. 650; Hallock v. Smith, 207 Ala. 567, 568(1), 93 So. 588; Morgan v. Sheppard, 156 Ala. 403(4), 409, 47 So. 147. The plain......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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