Laube v. Campbeil, CIV.A. 02-T-957-N.

Citation255 F.Supp.2d 1301
Decision Date28 March 2003
Docket NumberNo. CIV.A. 02-T-957-N.,CIV.A. 02-T-957-N.
PartiesLinda LAUBE, et al., Plaintiffs, v. Donal CAMPBELL, et al., Defendants.
CourtU.S. District Court — Middle District of Alabama

Stephen B. Bright, Tamara H. Serwer, Marion D. Chartoff, Lisa Kung, Southern Center for Human Rights, Atlanta, GA, John A. Russell, III, Aliceville, for Linda Laube, Theresa Barron, Barbara Bush, Lachrondria Crockett, Marjorie Ewing, Wanda Goodman, Alma Gutierrez, Lisa Hereford, La'Toya Jones, Katie Moore, Terri Newby, Barbara Pelzer, April Rice, Kelli Washington, plaintiffs.

Ellen Ruth Leonard, Office of the Attorney General, Montgomery, AL, William F. Addison, Andrew W. Redd, Alabama Department of Corrections, Legal Division, Montgomery, AL, for Donal Campball, Gladys Deese, Patricia Hood, Mary Carter.

Michael M. Shipper, Miller, Hamilton, Snider & Odom, Mobile, AL, Hugh C. Nickson, III, Miller, Hamilton, Snider & Odom, Montgomery, AL, Giles G. Perkins, Miller Hamilton Snider & Odom, LLC, Birmingham, AL, for NaphCare, Inc., Francis Henderso NaphCare, Inc, Birmingham, AL, pro se.

Edward A. Hosp, James V. Doyle, Jr., Office of the Governor, Montgomery, AL, for Bob Riley.

MHM Correctional Services, Inc., pro se.


MRYON H. THOMPSON, District Judge.

The issue now before the court is whether it should approve the initial and supplemental remedial plans the defendants have submitted to redress the unconstitutionally overcrowded and unsafe conditions at the Julia Tutwiler Prison for Women in Wetumpka, Alabama. For the reasons that follow, the court holds that it no longer has a legal basis to consider the proposed plans.

The complaint in this lawsuit charges that conditions for female inmates in the Alabama State Prison System violate the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The plaintiffs are female inmates incarcerated in three state prison facilities; the defendants are various officials of the State of Alabama and its Department of Corrections. On December 2, 2002, this court preliminarily enjoined the defendants from continuing to operate Tutwiler in an unconstitutionally overcrowded and unsafe manner. Laube v. Haley, 234 F.Supp.2d 1227, 1253, (M.D.Ala.2002). The defendants were ordered to file a plan that redressed immediately and fully the unconstitutional conditions at Tutwiler. Id.

On December 30, 2002, the defendants filed a proposed remedial plan, and, on January 15, 2003, the plaintiffs responded. On January 21, the court heard oral arguments on the defendants' proposed plan. On January 29, the court ordered the defendants to submit, by February 7, a new plan that addressed deficiencies noted by the court, including the fact that the defendants selected their proposed measures largely on the basis of cost. Laube v. Haley, 242 F.Supp.2d 1150 (M.D.Ala.2003). In order to obtain the participation of the new governor, Bob Riley, the court granted the defendants' motion to extend the court's deadline to February 21. On February 21, the defendants submitted a supplemental proposed plan which suggested measures to be taken in addition to those previously proposed. On March 3, the plaintiffs responded, and, on March 6, the court heard oral arguments.

Following the March 6 hearing, the court researched limits on the preliminary injunction as set forth in the Prison Litigation Reform Act ("PLRA"), 18 U.S.C.A. § 3626. Among the limits imposed is the automatic expiration of a preliminary injunction 90 days after its entry, unless the court makes specific statutory findings "for the entry of prospective relief and makes the order final before the expiration of the 90-day period." § 3626(a)(2). Because more than 90 days had passed since the court had issued the preliminary injunction, the court sua sponte raised the issue of its expiration under § 3626(a)(2), and held a conference call with all parties on March 10.

During the March 10 conference call, the defendants assured the court that they intended to go forward with their initial and supplemental remedial plans, regardless of the status of the preliminary injunction. The plaintiffs argued that the 90-day period mandated by the PLRA had not yet begun to run because the preliminary injunction entered on December 2 did not contain any specific measures and was, therefore, not the kind of relief contemplated by the PLRA. In the alternative, the plaintiffs argued that, while the court's December 2 order may have constituted a preliminary injunction, its subsequent order on January 29, requiring the defendants to submit a new plan, constituted a renewal of the preliminary injunction. Under these circumstances, the plaintiffs argued, the 90-day period had not yet expired.

The court rejects both of the plaintiffs' arguments. First, while the PLRA does mandate that "[preliminary injunctive relief must be narrowly drawn, extend no further than necessary to correct the harm the court finds requires preliminary relief, and be the least intrusive means necessary to correct the harm," 18 U.S.C.A. § 3626(a)(2), the statute also plainly states that "[preliminary injunctive relief shall automatically expire on the date that is 90 days after its entry." § 3626(a)(2). The statute does not limit the 90-day period to only those preliminary injunctions setting forth detailed measures of relief; the...

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2 cases
  • Laube v. Allen, Civil Action No. 2:02cv957-MHT.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 11th Circuit. Middle District of Alabama
    • August 31, 2007
    ...defendants submitted a second plan, but the preliminary injunction expired before the court ruled on it. Laube v. Campbell (Laube III), 255 F.Supp.2d 1301 (M.D.Ala.2003) (Thompson, J.). The plaintiffs filed a second motion for preliminary injunction but withdrew it after a hearing. In early......
  • Laube v. Campbell, 2:02cv957-T.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 11th Circuit. Middle District of Alabama
    • August 23, 2004
    ...Birmingham facility at the time this case was filed can be found in this court's earlier reported decisions. Laube v. Campbell, 255 F.Supp.2d 1301 (M.D.Ala.2003) (Thompson, J.); Laube v. Haley, 242 F.Supp.2d 1150 (M.D.Ala.2003) (Thompson, J.); Laube v. Haley, 234 F.Supp.2d 1227 (M.D.Ala.200......
2 books & journal articles
  • Pregnant women inmates: evaluating their rights and identifying opportunities for improvements in their treatment.
    • United States
    • Journal of Law and Health Vol. 19 No. 2, June 2004
    • June 22, 2004
    ...and (2) defendants' admission that their proposed plan was hindered by insufficient funding. Id. at 1152. (164) Laube v. Campbell, 255 F.Supp.2d 1301, 1303 (M.D. Ala. (165) Id. (166) Id. (167) Id. at 1304. (168) Id. at 1303. (169) Laube v. Haley, 333 F.Supp.2d 1234, 1237 (M.D. Ala. 2004). (......
  • Laube v. Campbell.
    • United States
    • Corrections Caselaw Quarterly No. 27, August 2003
    • August 1, 2003
    ...District Court PLRA -- Prison Litigation Reform Act Laube v. Campbell, 255 F.Supp.2d 1301 (M.D.Ala. 2003). Female inmates brought an action alleging that conditions in a state prison system violated the Eighth Amendment. The district court preliminarily enjoined the state from continuing to......

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