Lindsley v. Office of Personnel Management, No. 04-3464 (Fed. Cir. 3/11/2005), 04-3464.

Decision Date11 March 2005
Docket NumberNo. 04-3464.,04-3464.
CourtU.S. Court of Appeals — Federal Circuit

Before MAYER, Circuit Judge, PLAGER, Senior Circuit Judge, and GAJARSA, Circuit Judge.


William R. Lindsley petitions for review of the final decision of the Merit Systems Protection Board ("Board") affirming the reconsideration decision of the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) finding that his active duty military service was not creditable toward a Civil Service Retirement System ("CSRS") annuity. Because the Board's decision is supported by substantial evidence and is not arbitrary, capricious, an abuse of discretion, or otherwise not in accordance with law, we affirm.

Mr. Lindsley held a Federal civilian position in the Mississippi National Guard (MNG) from March 1, 1972 until August 17, 1986, when he was separated from that position. He was on Active Guard Reserve ("AGR") duty in the MNG from August 18 1986, until September 24, 1996, immediately after which he returned to civilian employment in the MNG.

In February 2002, Mr. Lindsley filed an application to make a deposit to obtain CSRS credit for his AGR service. After the MNG informed him that his AGR service was not creditable, Mr. Lindsley requested reconsideration by OPM of his application. OPM affirmed the denial of service credit, after which Mr. Lindsley appealed to the Board. The administrative judge assigned to the case issued an initial decision reversing OPM's decision. Lindsley v. Office of Pers. Mgmt., No. AT-0831-02-0767-I-1 (M.S.P.B. Nov. 27, 2002). The full Board granted OPM's petition for review, reversed the initial decision, and affirmed OPM's reconsideration decision as modified by the Board's opinion. Lindsley v. Office of Pers. Mgmt., 96 M.S.P.R. 259 (2004).

As correctly stated by the Board, Mr. Lindsley's AGR service is creditable for CSRS annuity purposes only if he had valid reemployment rights under the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994, 38 U.S.C. §§ 4301-33 ("USERRA"). See Moravec v. Office of Pers. Mgmt., 393 F.3d 1263, 1266-67 (Fed. Cir. 2004); Dowling v. Office of Pers. Mgmt., 393 F.3d 1260, 1262 (Fed. Cir. 2004). The Board applied the proper test for determining whether Mr. Lindsley had USERRA reemployment rights, i.e., whether or not he intended to abandon his civilian career for one in the military. See Moravec, 393 F.3d at 1268 (citing Woodman v. Office...

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