Longo v. Armor Elevator Co., Inc.

CourtNew York Supreme Court Appellate Division
Citation763 N.Y.S.2d 597,307 A.D.2d 848
PartiesFRANCESCA LONGO, Respondent,<BR>v.<BR>ARMOR ELEVATOR CO., INC., Respondent, and<BR>600 THIRD AVENUE ASSOCIATES et al., Appellants. (Action No. 1.)<BR>MICHELE C. PETITT et al., Respondents-Appellants,<BR>v.<BR>ARMOR KONE ELEVATOR CO., INC., Respondent, and<BR>600 THIRD AVENUE ASSOCIATES et al., Appellants-Respondents.<BR>MICHELE C. PETITT et al., Appellants,<BR>v.<BR>ARMOR KONE ELEVATOR CO., INC., Defendant, and<BR>600 THIRD AVENUE ASSOCIATES et al., Respondents. (Action No. 2.)
Decision Date21 August 2003

307 A.D.2d 848
763 N.Y.S.2d 597

FRANCESCA LONGO, Respondent,
v.
ARMOR ELEVATOR CO., INC., Respondent, and
600 THIRD AVENUE ASSOCIATES et al., Appellants.
(Action No. 1.)
MICHELE C. PETITT et al., Respondents-Appellants,
v.
ARMOR KONE ELEVATOR CO., INC., Respondent, and
600 THIRD AVENUE ASSOCIATES et al., Appellants-Respondents.

MICHELE C. PETITT et al., Appellants,
v.
ARMOR KONE ELEVATOR CO., INC., Defendant, and
600 THIRD AVENUE ASSOCIATES et al., Respondents.
(Action No. 2.)

Decided August 21, 2003.


[307 A.D.2d 849]

Concur — Buckley, P.J., Nardelli, Sullivan and Rosenberger, JJ.

The challenged resolving order (CPLR 3126 [1]) was an appropriate disclosure sanction for the Building defendants' repeated and continuing failure to produce documents that they were ordered to produce in a decision of this Court on a previous appeal (278 AD2d 127, 129 [2000]), or to adequately explain their inability to do so (see Kihl v Pfeffer, 94 NY2d 118, 123 [1999]; Jackson v City of New York, 185 AD2d 768, 770 [1992]). However, absent a clear showing of spoliation, we reject plaintiff's argument that other, more severe sanctions should have been imposed.

The IAS court should have granted the Building defendants' motions to dismiss the negligent infliction of emotional distress and punitive damages claims. The Building defendants owed a nondelegable duty to maintain the premises in a reasonably safe condition (see Sciolaro v Asch, 198 NY 77, 81-83 [1910]; Gallagher v St. Raymond's R.C. Church, 21 NY2d 554, 557 [1968]). Under the applicable provisions of the New York City Building Code, the elevator cable defects involved in causing plaintiffs' alleged injuries are defined as conditions "dangerous to human life and safety" (1 RCNY 11-02 [a]). That the Building defendants had notice of a dangerous condition does not satisfy the requirements for either a negligent infliction of emotional distress claim or a punitive damages remedy.

For conduct to serve as a basis for punitive damages, there

[307 A.D.2d 850]

must be evidence of malice or a wanton disregard for public safety (see Bothmer v Schooler, Weinstein, Minsky & Lester, 266 AD2d 154 [1999]; Camillo v Geer, 185 AD2d 192, 194 [1992]). As the IAS court properly found, the Building defendants made prima facie showings that their conduct did not rise to this standard since various elevator improvements had been effected since their 1982 acquisition. Consultants had been retained to evaluate elevator performance and a...

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13 practice notes
  • Dawkins v. Williams, No. 1:04 CV 0398 LEK/GHL.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. United States District Court of Northern District of New York
    • February 7, 2006
    ...490 N.Y.S.2d 735, 480 N.E.2d 349 (1985); Murphy, 58 N.Y.2d at 303, 461 N.Y.S.2d 232, 448 N.E.2d 86; Longo v. Armor Elevator Co., Inc., 307 A.D.2d 848, 763 N.Y.S.2d 597 (1st Dep't 2003)). In Addition, "[a] cause of action for negligent infliction of emotional distress, which no longer requir......
  • 25 Bay Terrace Assocs., L.P. v. Pub. Serv. Mut. Ins. Co., 2016–04867, 2016–10843
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • May 5, 2021
    ...damaged as a result of the hurricane (see Neve v. City of New York, 117 A.D.3d 1006, 1009, 986 N.Y.S.2d 606 ; Longo v. Armor El. Co., 307 A.D.2d 848, 849, 763 N.Y.S.2d 597 ). The Supreme Court properly denied the defendant's motion for leave to renew that branch of its prior motion which wa......
  • Garber v. Lynn
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • December 2, 2010
    ...Equip. Corp., 39 A.D.3d 347, 348, 835 N.Y.S.2d 46, 47 (1st Dept.2007)), or "wanton disregard for public safety" ( Longo v. Armor El. Co., 307 A.D.2d 848, 850, 763 N.Y.S.2d 597, 599 (1st Dept.2003)). The level of egregiousness of the defendant's conduct must exceed that of ordinary malpracti......
  • Rose v. Via Alloro, Inc., Index No. 102350/2010
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New York)
    • December 6, 2013
    ...Tr., 34 A.D.3d 312, 313 (1st Dep't 2006); DeMatteis v. Sears, Roebuck & Co., 11 A.D.3d 207, 208 (1st Dep't 2004); Longo v. Armor El. Co., 307 A.D.2d 848, 849 (1st Dep't 2003). To hold defendants liable for an unsafe condition on the stairs, plaintiff must demonstrate at trial that defendant......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
13 cases
  • Dawkins v. Williams, No. 1:04 CV 0398 LEK/GHL.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. United States District Court of Northern District of New York
    • February 7, 2006
    ...490 N.Y.S.2d 735, 480 N.E.2d 349 (1985); Murphy, 58 N.Y.2d at 303, 461 N.Y.S.2d 232, 448 N.E.2d 86; Longo v. Armor Elevator Co., Inc., 307 A.D.2d 848, 763 N.Y.S.2d 597 (1st Dep't 2003)). In Addition, "[a] cause of action for negligent infliction of emotional distress, which no longer requir......
  • 25 Bay Terrace Assocs., L.P. v. Pub. Serv. Mut. Ins. Co., 2016–04867, 2016–10843
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • May 5, 2021
    ...damaged as a result of the hurricane (see Neve v. City of New York, 117 A.D.3d 1006, 1009, 986 N.Y.S.2d 606 ; Longo v. Armor El. Co., 307 A.D.2d 848, 849, 763 N.Y.S.2d 597 ). The Supreme Court properly denied the defendant's motion for leave to renew that branch of its prior motion which wa......
  • Garber v. Lynn
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • December 2, 2010
    ...Equip. Corp., 39 A.D.3d 347, 348, 835 N.Y.S.2d 46, 47 (1st Dept.2007)), or "wanton disregard for public safety" ( Longo v. Armor El. Co., 307 A.D.2d 848, 850, 763 N.Y.S.2d 597, 599 (1st Dept.2003)). The level of egregiousness of the defendant's conduct must exceed that of ordinary malpracti......
  • Rose v. Via Alloro, Inc., Index No. 102350/2010
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New York)
    • December 6, 2013
    ...Tr., 34 A.D.3d 312, 313 (1st Dep't 2006); DeMatteis v. Sears, Roebuck & Co., 11 A.D.3d 207, 208 (1st Dep't 2004); Longo v. Armor El. Co., 307 A.D.2d 848, 849 (1st Dep't 2003). To hold defendants liable for an unsafe condition on the stairs, plaintiff must demonstrate at trial that defendant......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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