Mandell v. Miller, Gen. No. 11060

CourtUnited States Appellate Court of Illinois
Writing for the CourtSPIVEY; DOVE, P. J., and McNEAL
Citation14 Ill.App.2d 430,144 N.E.2d 791
PartiesJack MANDELL, d/b/a State Roofing and Siding Co., Appellee, v. Ernest L. MILLER, Appellant.
Docket NumberGen. No. 11060
Decision Date12 September 1957

Page 791

144 N.E.2d 791
14 Ill.App.2d 430
Jack MANDELL, d/b/a State Roofing and Siding Co., Appellee,
Ernest L. MILLER, Appellant.
Gen. No. 11060.
Appellate Court of Illinois, Second District, First Division.
Sept. 12, 1957.

[14 Ill.App.2d 432]

Page 793

Harold R. Nettles, Freeport, for appellant.

Russell J. Goldman and Harold Stern, Rockford, for appellee.

SPIVEY, Justice.

[14 Ill.App.2d 433] This is an appeal from the County Court of Ogle County granting judgment for plaintiff notwithstanding a verdict of the jury in favor of the defendant. Plaintiff, the operator of a roofing and siding business, brought an action alleging a contract with the defendant, home owner, wherein the defendant was said to have agreed to pay $1,600 to have his farm home covered with aluminum siding. The defendant denied the contract and as an affirmative defense to the complaint alleged; that he advised the plaintiff before the installation of any siding on the house that a foreclosure suit to foreclose a mortgage in favor of the Lutheran Brotherhood was pending; that after the foreclosure sale the plaintiff agreed to look to the purchaser at the foreclosure sale if the defendant failed to redeem; that plaintiff had filed a mechanics lien and had taken no further action; and that he, the defendant, had advised the plaintiff that L. E. Lazavus was the purchaser at the foreclosure sale and was the person to whom the plaintiff should look for payment. Plaintiff in his reply to the defense admitted that he had filed a mechanics lien and admitted that he had taken no further action to foreclose the lien but denied all the other affirmative matter.

Plaintiff's case was founded upon a contract which was signed by the defendant and provided in addition to the terms of the job, that the instrument was the exclusive agreement between the parties, verbal or otherwise. This instrument was admitted in evidence and according to the terms, required the defendant to pay $153.30 in 'quarterly successive monthly installments.'

Defendant when called by the plaintiff as an adverse witness testified that the contract was only to be effective in the event the loan for which he applied went through. An application for a property improvement loan taken by the plaintiff from the defendant was [14 Ill.App.2d 434] offered in evidence by the plaintiff, and showed among other things that the defendant listed a mortgage in favor of the Lutheran Brotherhood as one of his obligations, and that at the time the application was signed he was $1,450 in arrears on the mortgage. The defendant was unable to secure the loan for the improvement, and no part of the $1,600 was paid by the defendant.

Plaintiff testified that he had several conversations with the defendant about payment and stated that the defendant agreed to pay the full price on several occasions. Further, plaintiff contended that he had no knowledge of the mortgage foreclosure sale

Page 794

until advised by the defendant in 1956 and denied that he agreed to look to the purchaser at the foreclosure sale, if the defendant failed to redeem. The foreclosure sale was held on December 29, 1954, which was the date that plaintiff completed the job on the home.

It was contended by the defendant that when the contract and loan application were signed, plaintiff's agent, who did testify, stated that if the loan went through, they would put the siding on. A few days after the signing, however, work was started even though no report on the loan application was received. According to defendant's testimony, the plaintiff came to defendant's home before the work was completed and advised that the loan had been refused because of the mortgage to the Lutheran Brotherhood. The plaintiff was said to have known about the foreclosure suit and advised the defendant that if he lost the farm, the plaintiff would collect from the purchaser. In defendant's last conversation with the plaintiff, plaintiff was said to have stated that he was secure with his mechanics lien. The defendant denied making any promise to pay unless it was conditional upon his securing a loan. Defendant's testimony was corrobated to some extent by his wife who testified that she was present [14 Ill.App.2d 435] during some of the conversations with the plaintiff or his agent.

A verdict of not guilty for the defendant was returned by the jury and judgment was entered thereon. Subsequently, plaintiff filed his post trial motion wherein he asserted: that the verdict was contrary to the manifest weight of the evidence; that the verdict evinced passion and prejudice on the part of the jury; and that evidence of an oral contract was contrary to the parol evidence rule and incompetent and irrelevant.

Plaintiff requested a judgment notwithstanding the verdict or in the alternative, a new trial. The court granted judgment notwithstanding the verdict but did not rule upon plaintiff's requested new trial. Thereafter, defendant filed a timely post trial motion requesting judgment on the verdict, or in the alternative, a new trial, and this motion was denied. From the judgment notwithstanding the verdict, the defendant appeals, contending that the action of the court in granting plaintiff's post trial motion was contrary to law and that there was evidence with its intendments most favorable to the defendant, upon which the verdict of the jury could be founded. Defendant also contends that the plaintiff waived any objection to incompetent evidence by failing to make timely objections. It is also urged that the trial court erred in failing to rule conditionally upon the portion of plaintiff's motion requesting a new trial.

We have carefully searched the record and fail to find any objection lodged by the plaintiff to the admission of the alleged incompetent evidence. Also we find nothing in the record which would be of an inflammatory nature so as to have prejudiced this plaintiff. Even if there were such incompetent evidence in the record, the plaintiff must be held to have [14 Ill.App.2d 436] waived the objections by failing to make proper and timely objections.

In People v. Trefonas, 9 Ill.2d 92, 136 N.E.2d 817, 820, it was stated,

'The function of the objection is, first, to signify there is an issue of law, and secondly, to give notice of the terms of the issue. An objection to the admission of evidence, to be available, must be made in apt time, or it will be regarded as waived. The general rule is that the admission of incompetent evidence must be objected to, if at all, at the time of its admission. Objections to evidence should designate the particular testimony considered objectionable and point out the objectionable features complained of. Failure to make proper and timely objection to the admission of evidence claimed to be incompetent or otherwise objectionable or to move to strike it out after its admission, giving

Page 795

specific reason for the objection or motion to strike out such evidence generally constitutes a waiver of the right to object and cures the error, if any. Likewise, objection to the admission of other secondary evidence or the contents of a written instrument or record is waived by failure...

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6 cases
  • Nelson v. Union Wire Rope Corp., Gen. No. 48164
    • United States
    • United States Appellate Court of Illinois
    • January 4, 1963
    ...v. Behn, 9 Ill.App.2d 263, 132 N.E.2d 788; Fenwick v. Blue Bird Coal Co., 12 Ill.App.2d 464, 140 N.E.2d 129; Mandell v. Miller, 14 Ill.App.2d 430, 144 N.E.2d Seven exhibits were introduced in evidence by Union which are objected to by plaintiffs as being hearsay. These are records of Sheffi......
  • Drews v. Mason, Gen. No. 10323
    • United States
    • United States Appellate Court of Illinois
    • February 21, 1961
    ...Failing to insist upon and obtain a ruling on this matter has been held to be a waiver of the right to a new trial. Mandell v. Miller, 14 Ill.App.2d 430, 144 N.E.2d 791; Fulford v. O'Connor, 3 Ill.2d 490, 121 N.E.2d 767; Smith v. Pioneer Trust & Savings Bank, 13 Ill.App.2d 424, 142 N.E.2d T......
  • Ashe v. Sunshine Broadcasting Corp., 79-527
    • United States
    • United States Appellate Court of Illinois
    • November 13, 1980
    ...379, 358 N.E.2d 922, 924; Katz v. Brooks (1st Dist. 1965), 65 Ill.App.2d 155, 212 N.E.2d 508, 511; Mandell v. Miller (2d Dist. 1957), 14 Ill.App.2d 430, 144 N.E.2d 791, What the defendants sought to prove by the excluded evidence was that the parties had, subsequent to execution of their wr......
  • Stanish v. Polish Roman Catholic Union of America, 72-1579.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (7th Circuit)
    • July 30, 1973
    ...or in the briefs on appeal which would lead us to differ with the court's finding on this issue. F.R.Civ.P. 52(a); Mandell v. Miller, 14 Ill.App.2d 430, 441, 144 N.E.2d 791, 797 Having found that there was no substituted contract and that the obligation of PRCU to lend Stanish the money was......
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