Mangal v. State, Appellate Case No. 2012–212701.

CourtCourt of Appeals of South Carolina
Writing for the CourtMCDONALD, J.
Citation415 S.C. 310,781 S.E.2d 732
Parties Farid A. MANGAL, Petitioner, v. STATE of South Carolina, Respondent.
Decision Date30 December 2015
Docket NumberAppellate Case No. 2012–212701.,No. 5372.

415 S.C. 310
781 S.E.2d 732

Farid A. MANGAL, Petitioner,
v.
STATE of South Carolina, Respondent.

Appellate Case No. 2012–212701.
No. 5372.

Court of Appeals of South Carolina.

Heard Nov. 3, 2015.
Decided Dec. 30, 2015.

Rehearing Denied Feb. 22, 2016.


781 S.E.2d 733

John R. Ferguson, of Cox Ferguson & Wham, LLC, of Laurens, for petitioner.

Attorney General, Alan McCrory Wilson, Assistant Deputy Attorney General, Suzanne Hollifield White, and Assistant Attorney General, Alicia A. Olive, all of Columbia, for respondent.

ON WRIT OF CERTIORARI

MCDONALD, J.

415 S.C. 312

In 2007, Farid A. Mangal was convicted of first-degree criminal sexual conduct (CSC) with a minor, two counts of second-degree CSC, lewd act upon a minor, and incest. He appeals from the denial and dismissal of his application for post-conviction relief (PCR), arguing (1) trial counsel was ineffective for failing to object to bolstering, (2) trial counsel was ineffective for failing to move for a mistrial in response to bolstering, (3) trial counsel was ineffective for failing to object to the qualification of a forensic interviewer as an expert, (4) trial counsel's performance as a whole was deficient and prejudicial, (5) the PCR court erred in finding the bolstering

415 S.C. 313

issue was not raised, and (6) PCR counsel was ineffective for not sufficiently raising the bolstering issue. We reverse and remand.

FACTS

Victim, who was nineteen years old at the time of the 2007 trial, testified that her father (Petitioner) sexually abused her from the time she was ten years old until she was sixteen. The first instance of alleged abuse occurred when Petitioner took her into a bedroom, forced her to remove her pants, and rubbed his penis around her anal area. Victim stated there was "some sort of penetration" on this occasion, but not full penetration. Victim testified that after such abuse began, it occurred nearly every day when she came home from school. According to Victim, she was fourteen or fifteen the first time full penetration occurred, and Petitioner took her virginity. Victim stated Petitioner used condoms occasionally and once pointed out a freckle on the shaft of his penis. According to Victim, the abuse became more painful and aggressive as she aged. Victim stated she initially disclosed the abuse to her brother (Brother) after she refused Petitioner's advances one night, and Petitioner took out his anger on Brother the next day.

On cross-examination, trial counsel questioned Victim extensively concerning inconsistencies in her story and her dislike for Petitioner's strict parenting methods.1 Victim acknowledged that once Petitioner was out of the house, she began drinking, smoking, and had to seek counseling. Victim was presented with testimony from a 2005 family court hearing where she stated she began cutting herself because she was unhappy about her accusations against Petitioner. In this prior family court testimony, Victim stated she did not want to get Petitioner in trouble, she just wanted him away from her.

Brother testified there were numerous occasions over the years when Petitioner took Victim into a locked room for twenty or thirty minutes, and Victim would leave the room visibly upset and crying and would go to the bathroom.

415 S.C. 314

Pediatrician Dr. Nancy Henderson testified as an expert "in the examination, diagnosis, and treatment of child sexual abuse." Dr. Henderson testified she examined Victim in July 2004 and discovered a "marked narrowing" on a portion of Victim's hymen, which she believed was "a sign of some type of penetration." During her testimony, the following exchange occurred:

[The State:] Doctor Henderson, do you have an opinion, within a reasonable degree of medical certainty based upon your education, training, and experience and based upon your findings on examination
781 S.E.2d 734
of [Victim], whether those findings are consistent with a penetrating injury?

[Dr. Henderson:] Based on the history that she shared with me and based on my examination I felt that it was consistent ... that she had been abused.

[The State:] All right. Also opinion as to whether she was sexually abused, that opinion is?

[Dr. Henderson:] That she had been, yes, sir.

Dr. Henderson further testified that there could be "full penetration without any kind of trauma to the hymenal tissue" due to the effects of estrogen on the tissue during puberty. When asked whether this case involved "narrowing [of the hymen] consistent with penetration," Dr. Henderson stated, "Yes, sir."

When asked whether she could tell the jury that her findings were the "result of penetration by a penis," Dr. Henderson responded, "I can't say that the actual result that I saw was caused by the penis, but based on the history that she shared, and she denies any other kind of trauma to that area ... my conclusion is ... as I stated." When asked whether she based her decision on possibly untrue information she received from Victim, Dr. Henderson stated, "I based it on the information received by my patient, which is invaluable information any doctor receives when they are examining a patient." When asked whether she assumed Victim's information was true, Dr. Henderson responded, "Based on the way she shared it and all the information that she shared, yes." Dr. Henderson acknowledged that she learned there were allegations that Petitioner engaged in vaginal and anal intercourse with Victim and that the abuse began at age ten.

415 S.C. 315

Finally, Dr. Henderson stated that it varied between females as to whether a hymen or remnants of a hymen remained after childbirth or prolonged sexual intercourse, and that she had seen many sexually active teenagers with normal examination results.

The State also presented testimony from forensic interviewer Wiley Garrett, who was qualified as an expert in forensic interviewing without objection. Garrett testified that Victim's disclosure was "clear, consistent, and compelling."

Trial counsel's theory of the case was that Victim and Victim's mother (Mother) fabricated the abuse allegations because Victim wanted freedom from Petitioner's strict parenting and Mother wanted to continue having an extra-marital affair. Petitioner testified in his defense, denied the allegations against him, and stated that Victim and Mother "had a plan ... going on."

Mother admitted that when Petitioner was arrested, she gave police a statement indicating Victim had disclosed the abuse to her but Victim stated she had not allowed penetration or oral sex. Mother also made a drawing of Petitioner's penis and indicated there was a dark marking like a mole or a freckle on the head of his penis but not on the shaft. During cross-examination, Mother stated that she believed Victim's allegations.

Petitioner's family doctor testified about a January 2002 record created by a former doctor in his practice that stated Victim's hymen was intact. The family doctor explained that based on his nearly fifty years of practice, he expected the hymen of a sexually active person to not remain intact. Dr. Medlock also stated that another record indicated that on September 29, 2003, Victim had a rectal examination that was within normal limits.

Finally, a detention center employee who inspected Petitioner's penis testified that he did not recall seeing a freckle or a mole on Petitioner's penis.

STANDARD OF REVIEW

"In a PCR proceeding, the burden is on the applicant to prove the allegations in his application." Ard v. Catoe, 372 S.C....

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5 practice notes
  • Mangal v. Warden, Perry Corr. Inst., Civil Action No. 6:18-106-RBH-KFM
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. United States District Court of South Carolina
    • 18 december 2019
    ...30, 2015, the Court of Appeals filed a published opinion reversing the PCR court and granting relief (app. 680-88). See Mangal v. State, 781 S.E.2d 732 (S.C. Ct. App. 2015) ("Mangal I"), rev'd, 805 S.E.2d 568 (2017). With regard to the claim that trial counsel was ineffective for failing to......
  • Mangal v. Warden, Perry Corr. Inst., Civil Action No.: 6:18-cv-00106-RBH
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. United States District Court of South Carolina
    • 8 april 2019
    ...Carolina Court of Appeals reversed the PCR court's decision and remanded the case for a new trial. App. 680-88; see Mangal v. State, 781 S.E.2d 732 (S.C. Ct. App. 2015) ("Mangal I") (holding trial counsel was ineffective for not objecting to improper bolstering testimony). However, the Sout......
  • Mangal v. State, Opinion No. 27726.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of South Carolina
    • 19 juli 2017
    ...Procedural HistoryThe facts surrounding Mangal's sex crimes are set forth in detail in the court of appeals' opinion. Mangal v. State , 415 S.C. 310, 781 S.E.2d 732 (Ct. App. 2015). Focusing on those facts relevant to the specific issues in this appeal, the victim—Mangal's nineteen- 805 S.E......
  • S.C. Dep't of Transp. v. Powell, Appellate Case No. 2016-000594
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of South Carolina
    • 8 augustus 2018
    ...Wilson because SCDOT's decision to close the Intersection was independent, and not incidental, to its eminent domain power. Powell , 415 S.C. at 310, 781 S.E.2d at 731. Finding that South Carolina Code Section 28-2-370 (2007) permits the consideration of any diminution in the value when det......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
5 cases
  • Mangal v. Warden, Perry Corr. Inst., Civil Action No. 6:18-106-RBH-KFM
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. United States District Court of South Carolina
    • 18 december 2019
    ...30, 2015, the Court of Appeals filed a published opinion reversing the PCR court and granting relief (app. 680-88). See Mangal v. State, 781 S.E.2d 732 (S.C. Ct. App. 2015) ("Mangal I"), rev'd, 805 S.E.2d 568 (2017). With regard to the claim that trial counsel was ineffective for failing to......
  • Mangal v. Warden, Perry Corr. Inst., Civil Action No.: 6:18-cv-00106-RBH
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. United States District Court of South Carolina
    • 8 april 2019
    ...Carolina Court of Appeals reversed the PCR court's decision and remanded the case for a new trial. App. 680-88; see Mangal v. State, 781 S.E.2d 732 (S.C. Ct. App. 2015) ("Mangal I") (holding trial counsel was ineffective for not objecting to improper bolstering testimony). However, the Sout......
  • Mangal v. State, Opinion No. 27726.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of South Carolina
    • 19 juli 2017
    ...Procedural HistoryThe facts surrounding Mangal's sex crimes are set forth in detail in the court of appeals' opinion. Mangal v. State , 415 S.C. 310, 781 S.E.2d 732 (Ct. App. 2015). Focusing on those facts relevant to the specific issues in this appeal, the victim—Mangal's nineteen- 805 S.E......
  • S.C. Dep't of Transp. v. Powell, Appellate Case No. 2016-000594
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of South Carolina
    • 8 augustus 2018
    ...Wilson because SCDOT's decision to close the Intersection was independent, and not incidental, to its eminent domain power. Powell , 415 S.C. at 310, 781 S.E.2d at 731. Finding that South Carolina Code Section 28-2-370 (2007) permits the consideration of any diminution in the value when det......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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