Mann v. United Missouri Bank of Kirkwood

Decision Date23 April 1985
Docket NumberNo. 48149,48149
Citation689 S.W.2d 830
Parties41 UCC Rep.Serv. 704 Curtis L. MANN, Trustee of the Bankruptcy Estate of David E. Goodman, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. UNITED MISSOURI BANK OF KIRKWOOD, Defendant-Respondent.
CourtMissouri Court of Appeals

Lea W. Clayton, Jr., Clayton, for plaintiff-appellant.

Gerard F. Hempstead, Allen Kircher, Clayton, for defendant-respondent.

GAERTNER, Judge.

Curtis Mann (plaintiff) as trustee for the bankruptcy estate of Dr. David E. Goodman appeals from the trial court's grant of a directed verdict at the conclusion of plaintiff's case in favor of United Missouri Bank of Kirkwood (defendant) on plaintiff's petition for the conversion and commercially unreasonable sale of Goodman's van. We affirm.

In June of 1977 defendant loaned Goodman $7,306.03 for the purchase of a 1977 Ford Club van with defendant retaining a security interest in the property as collateral. Defendant repossessed the van on December 5, 1980, when Goodman was two months in arrears, and on December 8, notified him he had ten days to redeem the collateral or it would be offered for sale. Goodman was also informed he could redeem the van anytime prior to the actual disposition. The approximate amount in question was $2,078.77, including car insurance premiums for coverage Goodman failed to secure in violation of the security agreement and the repossession expenses.

Defendant advertised the sale on December 17, 1980, and on December 22, received a written bid for $1,200.00 which was later accepted. Other lower bids were received and rejected. The buyer took possession on either December 22 or January 5 or 6, 1981 and after the first application was denied due to technical deficiencies, a repossession title was issued on January 28.

Goodman also advertised the van for sale at $3,200.00 to which he received some inquiries but no offers. On January 21, 1981, Goodman's attorney attempted to redeem the collateral but, since the van had already been sold, was refused.

Plaintiff now contends the trial court erred in granting defendant a directed verdict in that 1) defendant converted the van by transferring it to a buyer without assigning the certificate of title and refusing to permit Goodman to redeem his van; 2) there was sufficient evidence defendant's conversion of said van was malicious; and 3) the sale of the van was commercially unreasonable.

The dispositive issue here is whether the collateral had been lawfully disposed of before defendant's alleged refusal to allow redemption.

In reviewing the propriety of a directed verdict the evidence and reasonable inferences therefrom are to be considered in the light most favorable to the party against whom the motion was made. National Garment Co. v. City of Paris, Mo., 655 S.W.2d 515 (Mo.1983). A secured party's refusal to permit a redemption of repossessed collateral by a debtor who has the right to redeem is conversion. See Owens v. Automobile Recovery Bureau, Inc., 544 S.W.2d 26 (Mo.App.1976). Section 400.9-506, 1 however, only provides that the debtor may redeem the collateral at any time before the secured party has either disposed of the collateral or entered into a contract for its disposition.

Even viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, there is no question the van had been...

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5 cases
  • Commercial Credit Equipment Corp. v. Parsons
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • December 3, 1991
    ... ... Nos. WD 43850, WD 43902 ... Missouri Court of Appeals, ... Western District ... Dec. 3, ... 1980); Lease Service Corp. v. American National Bank & Trust Co., 19 UCCRS 252, 259 (D.N.J.1976); O.P.M ... a commercially reasonable manner." § 400.9-507(2); Mann v. United Missouri Bank, 689 S.W.2d 830, 832 (Mo.App.1985) ... ...
  • Clark v. General Motors Acceptance Corp.
    • United States
    • Georgia Court of Appeals
    • December 1, 1987
    ... ... Mann v. United Mo. Bank, 689 S.W.2d 830, 831 (Mo.App.1985) ... ...
  • Bank of Houston v. Milam
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • October 2, 1992
    ... ... No. 18101 ... Missouri Court of Appeals, ... Southern District, ... Division Two ... Oct. 2, ... Cf. Mann v. United Mo. Bank of Kirkwood, 689 S.W.2d 830 (Mo.App.1985); Leasing ... ...
  • Carter v. Willert Home Products, Inc.
    • United States
    • Missouri Supreme Court
    • July 15, 1986
    ... ... No. 67893 ... Supreme Court of Missouri, ... July 15, 1986 ... Rehearing Denied Sept. 16, 1986 ... banc 1976); Mann v. United Missouri Bank of Kirkwood, 689 S.W.2d 830, 831 ... ...
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