Marquez v. State, No. 98-1192.

Decision Date02 December 1998
Docket Number No. 98-1192.
PartiesBarbaro MARQUEZ, Appellant, v. The STATE of Florida, Appellee.
CourtFlorida District Court of Appeals

Bennett H. Brummer, Public Defender, and Robert Kalter, Assistant Public Defender, for Appellant.

Robert A. Butterworth, Attorney General, and Roberta G. Mandel, Assistant Attorney General, for Appellee.

Before SCHWARTZ, C.J., and SHEVIN and SORONDO, JJ.

SHEVIN, J.

Barbaro Marquez appeals his convictions for burglary of a conveyance and petit theft. We reverse.

Marquez correctly asserts that the trial court erred in denying his cause challenge of a prospective juror who expressed doubt as to whether she could presume the defendant to be innocent. The record demonstrates that during voir dire, the prospective juror responded by saying, "I don't know," when asked whether she could presume the defendant to be innocent. The juror was never rehabilitated by either the state or the court. See Bryant v. State, 601 So.2d 529 (Fla.1992)

. The court denied Marquez's cause challenge of the juror; Marquez used a peremptory challenge to strike this juror. Thereafter, upon exhausting all his peremptory challenges, Marquez requested an additional peremptory to strike an objectionable juror. This request was denied. Marquez accepted the jury subject to his earlier objection. We agree with Marquez's assertion.

When a juror's last response indicates that the juror is potentially prejudiced, and the response is not retracted or modified, the juror must be stricken for cause. Wilkins v. State, 607 So.2d 500 (Fla. 3d DCA 1992). Although the judge did address the panel in an attempt to clarify the presumption of innocence issue, the ensuing exchange was insufficient to rehabilitate the objectionable juror. Accordingly, the convictions must be reversed, and the petit theft charge is remanded for a new trial.

Additionally, the court also erred in denying Marquez's motion for judgment of acquittal on the burglary charge. The facts presented by the state reveal that the victim was driving home with her two children when her car broke down. Marquez asked the victim if she needed help. She said yes and opened the car hood. Marquez looked under the hood, touched the battery, and asked the victim if he could try starting the car. The victim acceded. Marquez entered the car and tried to start it to no avail. He asked the victim whether she had battery booster cables. The victim went to the car trunk to retrieve them. While looking for the cables, the victim saw Marquez pull her wallet from her purse on the front seat. Upon seeing this, the victim returned to the front of the car and announced to Marquez that she was going to wait for her husband to fix the car. Marquez exited the vehicle.

These facts do not support a burglary conviction. Burglary is defined, in pertinent part, as "entering or remaining in ... a conveyance with the intent to commit an offense therein, unless ... the defendant is licensed or invited to enter or remain." § 810.02, Fla.Stat. (Supp.1996). If a defendant has permission to enter a conveyance, a "burglary conviction must be bottomed on proof that consent to `remaining in' has been withdrawn." Ray v. State, 522 So.2d 963, 965 (Fla. 3d DCA),review denied, 531 So.2d 168 (Fla.1988). The state, relying on Ray, argues that the victim constructively withdrew her consent upon viewing the wallet theft. Unfortunately, this position contravenes the Florida Supreme Court's holding in Miller v. State, 713 So.2d 1008 (Fla.1998). Miller explains that "any burglary conviction must be bottomed on proof that consent to `remaining in' has been withdrawn." Miller ...

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8 cases
  • State v. Clark, No. 97-3082.
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • December 2, 1998
  • Stenson v. State
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • February 2, 2000
    ...her. This constituted sufficient proof that consent to remain was withdrawn. The cases upon which appellant relies, Marquez v. State, 721 So.2d 1206 (Fla. 3d DCA 1998) and McCoy v. State, 723 So.2d 869 (Fla. 1st DCA 1998), are not controlling. In neither case was there any evidence that the......
  • Franco v. State, 4D99-814.
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • January 31, 2001
    ...problems with the burden of proof and presumption of innocence. There was no attempt to rehabilitate the juror. See Marquez v. State, 721 So.2d 1206, 1207 (Fla. 3d DCA 1998). Even if she had, it would not have necessarily made her acceptable. Akins v. State, 694 So.2d 847 (Fla. 4th DCA 1997......
  • Franco v. State, 4
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • December 6, 2000
    ...problems with the burden of proof and presumption of innocence. There was no attempt to rehabilitate the juror. See Marguez v. State, 721 So. 2d 1206, 1207 (Fla. 3d DCA 1998). Even if she had, it would not have necessarily made her acceptable. Akins v. State, 694 So. 2d 847 (Fla. 4th DCA 19......
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