McCall v. State

Citation262 Ala. 414,79 So.2d 51
Decision Date31 March 1955
Docket Number6 Div. 732
PartiesWilliam McCALL v. STATE.
CourtSupreme Court of Alabama

Nesbitt Elmore and Fred D. Gray, Montgomery, for appellant.

John Patterson, Atty. Gen., and Wm. H. Sanders, Asst. Atty. Gen., for the State.

MERRILL, Justice.

The appellant was convicted of murder in the first degree and sentenced to life imprisonment. His motion for a new trial was overruled. From this ruling and the conviction and sentence he appeals urging three matters as error.

Appellant complains that the state did not prove the corpus delicti in that it failed to prove beyond a reasonable doubt the causal connection between the wound inflicted by the defendant and the deceased's death.

It is true that no direct evidence of the causal connection between the wound inflicted and death was presented. There was, however, much circumstantial evidence tending to prove that the deceased died as a result of a wound inflicted by the appellant with a knife.

The appellant, the deceased and the eyewitnesses left a night club some time after midnight, all in varying degree of intoxication. They were riding in an automobile, three on the front seat and two on the rear. The deceased sat on the right of the front seat, the appellant on the right of the rear seat immediately behind him. As they drove up to a housing project known as Loveman's Village in Titusville, the appellant was seen to reach forward and hit deceased in the chest near the neck. The car was stopped, appellant climbed out the single door on the right and dragged deceased out on the ground. After a very brief tussle, deceased slid to the ground. Blood was noticed on his clothing, a knife was seen in appellant's hand and the deceased was carried to a hospital. He did not speak during the trip and the witnesses did not know whether he was alive or dead when they arrived at the hospital with him.

The mother of the deceased testified that he was dead when she viewed his body during the same morning that the difficulty occurred between appellant and deceased. She stated that she observed a wound on his body which was located on the left side of his shoulder blade near his heart.

Another witness testified that he observed the body of the deceased at the Hillman Hospital emergency room and observed a wound which was on the left side near the neck and that the wound was slightly slanting, inward and down.

In addition to this testimony, a photograph of the body of the deceased showing the location of the wound was introduced in evidence.

The appellant testified in his own behalf and admitted that he cut the deceased. He relied on a plea of self-defense as justification therefor.

It is well settled in this state that the corpus delicti is a fact which may be proved by circumstantial evidence. If there is a reasonable inference deducible from the evidence of its existence, the court must submit the question of the sufficiency and weight of the evidence tending to support that inference to the jury. McDowell v. State, 238 Ala. 101, 189 So. 183; Rowe v. State, 243 Ala. 618, 11 So.2d 749; DeSilvey v. State, 245 Ala. 163, 16 So.2d 183; Phillips v. State, 248 Ala. 510, 28 So.2d 542; Taylor v. State, 249 Ala. 130, 30 So.2d 256; Snead v. State, 251 Ala. 624, 38 So.2d 576; Spain v. State, 37 Ala.App. 311, 68 So.2d 53, certiorari denied 259 Ala. 606, 68 So.2d 58.

Here it was shown that the deceased was cut, that he received only one wound and that he died. Clearly there was ample evidence from which the jury could have found causal connection between the wound inflicted by the appellant and the death of the deceased. All the evidence concerning the death of the deceased tended to show that it was caused by the criminal agency of appellant and that it was not the result of accident or natural causes, or of suicide.

The appellant next complains that the jury deliberated and reached a verdict outside the jury room in the presence of the bailiff. This allegation is based upon facts which are presented in the record by two sworn affidavits, one executed by the appellant's father, the other by one of his counsel. Together, they tend to establish the following: The jury had retired to consider its verdict at 4:55 p. m. At 5:20 p. m. the Judge instructed the bailiff to inquire of the jury if they were near a verdict or if they wanted to eat supper. The bailiff made such inquiry after which he informed the Judge that the jury had not reached a verdict and wanted to eat supper. Thereupon the bailiff took the jury out to eat supper. The Judge then informed the clerk that he was going home to eat supper and if needed before 7:00 p. m. he could be reached by telephone. The clerk informed the attorneys for appellant that the jury would not return for eating until 6:30 p. m. At 6:32 p. m. the bailiff returned from supper with the jury. Before they entered the jury room, the judge inquired of them whether they had reached a verdict. One juror answered that they had reached a verdict. The judge then asked what the verdict was and several jurors answered 'guilty with life imprisonment'. The judge had the...

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26 cases
  • Burnett v. State
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • September 17, 1999
    ......State, 36 807 So.2d 577 Ala.App. 606, 61 So.2d 137 (1952); Hall v. State, 34 Ala.App. 246, 38 So.2d 612 (1949). If there is any proof, direct or circumstantial, to establish the corpus delicti, the issue is one of fact for the jury and not one of law for the court. McCall v. State, 262 Ala. 414, 79 So.2d 51 (1955) ; McDonald v. State, 56 Ala. App. 147, 320 So.2d 80 (1975) ; Cook v. State, 43 Ala.App. 304, 189 So.2d 595 (1966) ." .          Hollis v. State, 399 So.2d 935, 938 (Ala.Cr. App.1981) . .         In this case, the indictment charged ......
  • Scott v. State
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • October 5, 1976
    ...(1966); Mitchell v. State, 43 Ala.App. 427, 191 So.2d 385 (1966); Gurley v. State, 36 Ala.App. 606, 61 So.2d 137 (1952); McCall v. State, 262 Ala. 414, 79 So.2d 51; Adams v. State, Ala.Cr.App., 335 So.2d 398 (1976), cert. denied July 30, 1976, Ala., 335 So.2d We have carefully examined this......
  • Aaron v. State, 3 Div. 955
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • September 28, 1961
    ...to answer any question correctly. Substantial error is not presumed, but the burden is upon the appellant to show error. McCall v. State, 262 Ala. 414, 79 So.2d 51; Washington v. State, 259 Ala. 104, 65 So.2d 704; Kabase v. State, 244 Ala. 182, 12 So.2d 766. Appellant did not object to the ......
  • Hollis v. State
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • May 26, 1981
    ...to establish the corpus delicti, the issue is one of fact for the jury and not one of law for the court. McCall v. State, 262 Ala. 414, 79 So.2d 51 (1955); McDonald v. State, 56 Ala.App. 147, 320 So.2d 80 (1975); Cook v. State, 43 Ala.App. 304, 189 So.2d 595 Our review of the record convinc......
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