Meridian Bowling Lanes, Inc. v. Brown

Citation90 Idaho 403,412 P.2d 586
Decision Date28 March 1966
Docket NumberNo. 9604,9604
PartiesMERIDIAN BOWLING LANES, INC., a corporation, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. T. C. BROWN and Evelyn Luis, Administratrix of the Estate of James Luis, Deceased, Defendants-Respondents.
CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Idaho

Page 586

412 P.2d 586
90 Idaho 403
MERIDIAN BOWLING LANES, INC., a corporation, Plaintiff-Appellant,
T. C. BROWN and Evelyn Luis, Administratrix of the Estate of James Luis, Deceased, Defendants-Respondents.
No. 9604.
Supreme Court of Idaho.
March 28, 1966.

[90 Idaho 405]

Page 587

Clemons, Skiles & Green, Boise, for appellant.

Hawley, Troxell, Ennis & Hawley, Boise, for respondents.

SPEAR, Justice.

This action was instituted by appellant for a determination that a land sale contract (a contract of sale and purchase of improved real estate) was in fact a security transaction, and for the recovery of alleged usurious interest plus the statutory penalty. The matter was tried before the lower tribunal, sitting without a jury, and judgment was entered for the respondents, and the complaint dismissed with prejudice. Such judgment is here appealed.

The only question on appeal is whether the transaction entered into by the parties constituted a loan or a purchase and sale of property.

Early in 1959 Eugene J. Quintieri became interested in constructing a bowling alley in Meridian, Idaho. At that time, and for approximately fourteen years, Quintieri had been a manager of the Beall Pipe and Tank Corporation, a substantial business in Boise, Idaho. Quintieri investigated the feasibility of such a venture, and made preliminary inquiries concerning acquisition of land and bowling equipment, and the construction of a building suitable for a bowling alley. In March, 1959, appellant corporation was formed for the purpose of erecting and operating the proposed bowling establishment, with Quintieri as president and principal shareholder. In furtherance of the corporate purposes, appellant attempted to acquire from the Meridian Athletic Association a parcel of land upon which to erect the bowling alley, and proposed to pay for the land by transferring 30 shares of its capital stock (par value $100 per share, for the total value of $3000) to the Meridian Athletic Association in payment for the land. The Association accepted this offer, subject to the condition that is appellant did not construct a bowling alley on such property the Association reserved the right to return

Page 588

the stock to appellant and retain the property. In compliance with this arrangement 30 shares of capital stock in appellant corporation were transferred to the [90 Idaho 408] Meridian Athletic Association. The Association had a warranty deed prepared conveying the land to appellant, but the deed was never executed (being merely attested to by the Secretary but not signed by any authorized officer) and was never delivered to appellant. In furtherance of the bowling alley venture, appellant, through Quintieri, secured from Wise-Varner Builders, Inc., building plans and a proposal for the construction of the bowling alley, as well as other proposals for the wiring of the building, air-conditioning and the construction of a public address system. Quintieri had previously contracted for the purchase of bowling fixtures and equipment. Quintieri, representing appellant, encountered difficulty, however, in attempting to obtain financing for the construction of the building. He tried to borrow the necessary funds from banks but found these institutions were unwilling to lend money for the construction of a bowling alley. He then contacted real estate brokers, including Glen E. Green, who brought Quintieri into contact with respondents.

Respondent Brown was a Boise business man, engaged in the business of manufacturing pumice block and the wholesale of building supplies. He also did some independent construction work. Luis, the other respondent, was a retired restaurateur and delicatessen owner, and since his retirement had built and sold, on contract, several buildings. Neither of respondents were in the business of lending money nor, prior to this transaction, had they ever made loans secured by real estate.

There is a definite conflict in the evidence at this point. Quintieri testified that he proposed borrowing $45,000 from respondents for appellant corporation. Respondents deny this, and testified the only matter discussed was the building of a bowling alley on property to be acquired by them near Meridian, Idaho, and a sale of the improved property to appellant. After several meetings an attorney was contacted by respondent Brown, and a conference was arranged with the attorney, Quintieri, Brown and Luis. The attorney was advised by all the parties that a purchase and sale agreement was desired and no mention was ever made of a loan between the parties. As a result of the prior negotiations between Quintieri and respondents, and the conference with the attorney, the document in issue here was regularly executed on April 27, 1959 (Plfs. Exh. No. 7). It is entitled 'Land Sale Agreement' and on its face amounts to a straightforward purchase and sale agreement. Under its terms respondents agreed to construct a bowling alley on certain described land (being the same land the Meridian Athletic Association had previously agreed to transfer to appellant) and to sell the land and building to appellant. Appellant, as purchaser, agreed to pay $3000 at the time of the execution[90 Idaho 409] of the agreement; $15,628 into escrow at the time of the execution of the agreement, to be delivered to respondents, as vendors, when the building was two-thirds completed; and a balance of $64,650 with accruing interest at 8% per annum in 144 monthly installments of $700.16 each. Title was to be retained by respondents until all payments had been made, but possession of the land and building was to be given appellant on substantial completion of the building. Pursuant to this transaction, a new deed was regularly executed and delivered by the Meridian Athletic Association transferring the land to respondents. Consideration for this transfer was the sum of $3000. Appellant made a down payment of $3000 at the time of the execution of the agreement with respondents; concurrently respondents paid the Meridian Athletic Association $3000 for the deed to the land and the Association in turn paid $3000 to appellant for the 30 shares of capital stock in appellant corporation, which shares have been retained by the Association and used for collateral for loans.

Page 589

Concurrent with the execution of the land sale agreement respondents entered into a building contract with Wise-Varner Builders, Inc., whereby the latter agreed to construct the same building it had proposed to construct for appellant at approximately the same price-$60,628. Respondents borrowed from a third party $45,000 to pay on the construction of the building. This was evidenced by a note secured by a mortgage on the property, and was to be repaid in 144 monthly installments.

During the construction of the building respondents took no active part in supervising or inspecting the work, but Quintieri maintained an active interest in the construction. It became necessary to acquire an additional strip of land to insure adequate access to the building, because the building was not properly located on the real property. This was the fault of appellant and Wise-Varner Builders, Inc. Quintieri handled the negotiations with the Meridian Athletic Association and secured from the association a deed to respondents for the additional strip of land.

Construction of the building was completed and possession delivered to appellant in July, 1959. From then until the time of trial appellant operated a bowling alley on the premises, and continued to make all monthly payments provided for under the agreement. However, early in 1962 appellant notified respondents it was suffering financial difficulty...

To continue reading

Request your trial
30 cases
  • Shrives v. Talbot, 9922
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Idaho
    • 8 Diciembre 1966
    ...has adhered to this principle are Jackson v. Blue Flame Gas Co., 90 Idaho 393, 412 P.2d 418; Meridian Bowling Lanes, Inc. v. Brown, 90 Idaho 403, 412 P.2d 586; Fairchild v. Matthews, 91 Idaho 1, 415 P.2d 43; and McKenney v. Anselomo, 91 Idaho 118, 416 P.2d 509. Shriveses contend, however, t......
  • Howes v. Curtis, 13760
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Idaho
    • 24 Marzo 1983
    ...D & M Development Co., v. Sherwood and Roberts, Inc., 93 Idaho 200, 207, 457 P.2d 439, 446 (1969); Meridian Bowling Lanes, Inc. v. Brown, 90 Idaho 403, 412 P.2d 586 (1966); Milo Theater Corp. v. National Theater Supply, 71 Idaho 435, 233 P.2d 425 (1951); Olson v. Caufield, 32 Idaho 308, 182......
  • Smith v. Sherwood & Roberts, Spokane, Inc., 9798
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Idaho
    • 2 Mayo 1968
    ...§ 12 at 1126-1128 (1967); cf. Colagrossi v. Hendrickson, 50 Wash.2d 266, 310 P.2d 1072 (1957); Meridian Bowling Lanes, Inc. v. Brown, 90 Idaho 403, 412 P.2d 586 (1966); Haley v. Greenhaw, 235 Ark. 481, 360 S.W.2d 753 (1962). 16 Cf. Hafer v. Spaeth, supra n. 5. 17 See authority cited n. 15. ......
  • Bethke v. Idaho Sav. & Loan Ass'n, 10345
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Idaho
    • 11 Diciembre 1969
    ...327, 329 (1967). 11 Freedman v. Hendershott, 77 Idaho 213, 219, 290 P.2d 738, 741 (1955); accord, Meridian Bowling Lanes, Inc. v. Brown, 90 Idaho 403, 415, 412 P.2d 586, 592-593 (1966). 12 See Meridian Bowling Lanes, Inc. v. Brown, supra n. 11, at 412-415; see generally Petersen v. Philco F......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT