Michigan Cent Co v. Mix, 118

CourtUnited States Supreme Court
Citation278 U.S. 492,49 S.Ct. 207,73 L.Ed. 470
Docket NumberNo. 118,118
PartiesMICHIGAN CENT. R. CO. v. MIX et al
Decision Date18 February 1929

278 U.S. 492
49 S.Ct. 207
73 L.Ed. 470


MIX et al.

No. 118.
Argued and Submitted Jan. 10, 1929.
Decided Feb. 18, 1929.

Page 493

Mr. Charles A. Houts, of St. Louis, Mo., for petitioner.

Messrs. Arthur Staal and E. D. Andrews, both of St. Louis, Mo., for respondents.

Mr. Justice BRANDEIS delivered the opinion of the Court.

Thomas Doyle, a switchman employed by the Michigan Central Railroad, was killed in Michigan in the performance of his duties. He was then a resident of Lansing in that state, and there his wife Augusta lived with him until his death. Shortly after, she removed to Mossouri, was appointed administratrix of his estate at St. Louis, and, as such, brought in the circuit court of that city an action for damages against the railroad under the Federal Safety Appliance Act (45 USCA §§ 1-46) and the Federal Employers' Liability Act (45 USCA §§ 51-59). The railroad is a Michigan corporation. No part of its line runs into Missouri. It has not consented to be sued there, has never been admitted to do business there, and has never done any business there, except soliciting freight for transportation in interstate commerce over its lines in other states. For this limited purpose it

Page 494

maintains an office at St. Louis. Upon its agent in charge of that office the sheriff made service of the summons.

The railroad, appearing specially, filed a petition for removal of the cause to the federal court. This the state court denied. Thereupon the railroad filed a transcript of the record in the federal court and moved there to quash the summons. Upon objection of the administrix, that court declined to pass on the motion and remanded the case to the state court. The did so apparently on the ground that the suit was one under the Federal Employers' Liability Act. The railroad, again appearing specially, pressed in the state court the motion to quash. It was denied on the authority of State ex rel. Texas Portland Cement Co. v. Sale, 232 Mo. 166, 132 S. W. 1119, and Davis v. Jacksonville Southeastern Line, 126 Mo. 69, 28 S. W. 965, which hold that service upon a soliciting freight agent confers jurisdiction and that a petition to remove to the federal court is equivalent to a general appearance. After denial of the motion to quash the summons this application for a writ of prohibition was filed by the railroad, in the highest court of the state, in accordance with what appears to be the appropriate local practice. It prays that the judges of the circuit court be enjoined from acting in the suit commenced by Mrs. Doyle. The application for the writ of prohibition was denied without an opinion. That judgment is final within the meaning of section 237(a) of the Judicial Code (28 USCA § 344(a). State of Mossouri ex rel. St. Louis, Brownsville & Mexico Ry. Co. v. Taylor, 266 U. S. 200, 45 S. Ct. 47, 69 L. Ed. 247, 42 A. L. R. 1232. This court granted a writ of certiorari. 277 U. S. 581, 48 S. Ct. 562, 72 L. Ed. 998.

The railroad claims that it was not subject to suit in Missouri,...

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  • Miles v. Illinois Cent Co
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • March 30, 1942
    ...In these cases, notably Denver & R.G.W.R. Co. v. Terte, 284 U.S. 284, 52 S.Ct. 152, 76 L.Ed. 295, and Michigan Central R. Co. v. Mix, 278 U.S. 492, 49 S.Ct. 207, 73 L.Ed. 470, suits against a carrier in a state where it did business were nevertheless found to constitute an unjustifiable bur......
  • Southern Pac Co v. State of Arizona Sullivan
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • June 18, 1945
    ...and activities of the parties, Davis v. Farmers' Coop. Equity Co., 262 U.S. 312, 43 S.Ct. 556, 67 L.Ed. 996; Michigan Central R. Co. v. Mix, 278 U.S. 492, 49 S.Ct. 207, 73 L.Ed. 470; cf. Denver & R.G.W.R. Co. v. Terte, 284 U.S. 284, 52 S.Ct. 152, 76 L.Ed. 295, see also Buck v. Kuykendall, s......
  • Mooney v. Denver & R. G. W. R. Co., 7373
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    • Supreme Court of Utah
    • August 7, 1950
    ...76 L.Ed. 295; Douglas v. New York, New Haven & Hartford R. Co., 279 U.S. 377, 49 S.Ct. 355, 73 L.Ed. 747; Michigan Cent. R. Co. v. Mix, 278 U.S. 492, 49 S.Ct. 207, 73 L.Ed. 470; Hoffman v. Missouri ex rel. Foraker, 274 U.S. 21, 47 S.Ct. 485, 71 L.Ed. 905; Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe R. Co. ......
  • State ex rel. Natl. Rys. of Mexico v. Rutledge, 30265.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Missouri
    • December 31, 1932
    ...and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes." (2) We submit the following cases in support of our position: Mich. Cent. Railroad Co. v. Mix, 278 U.S. 492. In the above case it was held that the courts of Missouri had no jurisdiction over petitioner, it never having been admitte......
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