Munz v. Michael, No. 93-1865

CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (8th Circuit)
Writing for the CourtBefore McMILLIAN, WOLLMAN and MAGILL; MAGILL; WOLLMAN
Citation28 F.3d 795
PartiesThomas A. MUNZ, Appellee, v. Tobin MICHAEL, Deputy U.S. Marshal; Kirk Papenthien, Deputy U.S. Marshal, Appellants, David R. Hansen, U.S. District Judge, Defendant. . Submitted:
Docket NumberNo. 93-1865
Decision Date17 February 1994

Page 795

28 F.3d 795
Thomas A. MUNZ, Appellee,
v.
Tobin MICHAEL, Deputy U.S. Marshal; Kirk Papenthien, Deputy
U.S. Marshal, Appellants,
David R. Hansen, U.S. District Judge, Defendant.
No. 93-1865.
United States Court of Appeals,
Eighth Circuit.
Submitted: Feb. 17, 1994.
Decided July 1, 1994.

Page 796

Ana Maria Martel, Cedar Rapids, IA, argued, for appellants.

Robert L. Sikma, Sioux City, IA, argued, for appellee.

Before McMILLIAN, WOLLMAN and MAGILL, Circuit Judges.

MAGILL, Circuit Judge.

This case involves a Bivens action by Thomas A. Munz against United States Deputy Marshals Kirk Papenthien and Tobin Michael (defendants) for violation of his Eighth Amendment rights based on a claim of use of excessive force. Defendants moved for summary judgment on the merits and based on qualified immunity. The district court 1 denied defendants' summary judgment motion on the merits and on their defense of qualified immunity. Defendants appeal. We affirm.

I. BACKGROUND

The facts in this case are hotly contested. Because this case comes to us from a denial of defendants' summary judgment motion, however, we recount the facts in the light most favorable to Munz, the non-moving party. See Gregory v. City of Rogers, 974 F.2d 1006, 1007 (8th Cir.1992) (en banc), cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 113 S.Ct. 1265, 122 L.Ed.2d 661 (1993).

Page 797

On December 26, 1989, pursuant to an arrest warrant and a writ of habeas corpus ad prosequendum, defendants took Munz from Fort Madison, Iowa--where he was serving a state prison sentence--to Sioux City, Iowa. On their way to Sioux City, the defendants decided to stay overnight in Linn County and to house Munz in the Linn County Jail. During the trip, Munz, who was bound hand and foot, became violent and proceeded to vandalize the interior of the squad car. 2 When defendants arrived at the Linn County Jail, Munz claims that he was passive and sought to cooperate fully with the authorities.

In his verified complaint, Munz claimed the following events occurred upon his arrival at the Linn County Jail:

[S]uddenly [Munz] was grabbed with many pairs of hands, slammed with great force and violence against a brick wall, knocking his glasses off, and then lifted up and carried by jailers and marshals.... The jailers and Marshals carried [Munz] into what is referred to as a padded cell.... Before entering the padded cell, a Marshal told the jailers "get him in here, then we can fuck him up." ... After jailers and Marshals carried [Munz] into the padded cell, they threw him to the floor with great force and violence....[;] they pulled [Munz] over onto his stomach, and began kicking him and stomping on him with their feet....[;] they jumped on his back with the full weight of their body [sic] landing on [Munz] with their knees....[;] they knelt on [Munz's] back which made it difficult for [Munz] to breathe.... One Marshal, in particular, knelt on [Munz's] back right side, while a jailer was pulling [Munz's] hair and slamming his face onto the floor.... During this time, [Munz] was still in belly chain, hand cuffed [sic] to it, and had leg irons on his legs.

Munz's Compl., Dist.Ct.Doc. 5, at 5. Medical records reflect that after the alleged beating Munz showed signs of, at most, rib contusions.

In January 1991, Munz filed a pro se complaint in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Iowa alleging that defendants had beaten him at the Linn County Jail on December 26, 1989. Munz also claimed that a United States district judge had ordered the beatings and that the medical staff at the Linn County Jail had been deliberately indifferent to his medical needs. Defendants moved for summary judgment.

The district court dismissed all of Munz's claims except for the use of excessive force claim. Although Munz failed to respond to defendants' summary judgment motion, the district court determined that Munz's verified complaint was sufficient to create genuine issues of material fact that precluded the grant of summary judgment. The district court also held that defendants were not entitled to qualified immunity because "the law was clearly established at the time of the incident ... that an officer is not entitled to beat a bound prisoner in a jail cell.... [A]nd a reasonable deputy marshal would know as much." Munz v. Michael, No. 91 Civ. 4005, slip op. at 5 (N.D.Iowa Sept. 15, 1991) (hereinafter "Dist.Ct.Op."). Defendants filed a motion to reconsider their summary judgment motion on the merits and based on their qualified immunity defense. The district court granted the motion to reconsider but again denied defendants' summary judgment motion on the merits and on their qualified immunity defense. Defendants timely appeal.

II. DISCUSSION

We have jurisdiction to review the district court's denial of defendants' qualified immunity defense, and we may review the case on the merits. See Krueger v. Fuhr, 991 F.2d 435, 437-38 (8th Cir.), cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 114 S.Ct. 386, 126 L.Ed.2d 335 (1993); Gometz v. Culwell, 850 F.2d 461, 463 (8th Cir.1988). Defendants make two arguments on appeal. First, they argue that the district court improperly denied their summary judgment motion because Munz's allegations are implausible and are insufficient to establish a genuine issue of material fact. Second, defendants argue that

Page 798

the district court improperly denied their qualified immunity defense because Munz's allegations, even if true, did not establish a violation of a constitutional right clearly established as of December 26, 1989.

The first issue is whether Munz was a pretrial detainee or a prisoner. On December 26, 1989, Munz was a state prisoner released from state prison into the custody of defendants pursuant to a writ of habeas corpus ad prosequendum. 3 "[I]ssuance of [a] writ of habeas corpus ad prosequendum d[oes] not alter [the defendant's] custody status. It merely change[s] the location of his custody for the sentence he was already serving." Sinito v. Kindt, 954 F.2d 467, 469 (7th Cir.), cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 112 S.Ct. 2316, 119 L.Ed.2d 235 (1992); cf. United States v. Roy, 830 F.2d 628, 631 (7th Cir.1987) ("While defendant was a state prisoner in temporary federal custody in Florida," pursuant to a writ of habeas corpus ad prosequendum, "his Connecticut state sentence expired and he became a federal pretrial detainee."), cert. denied, 484 U.S. 1068, 108 S.Ct. 1033, 98 L.Ed.2d 997 (1988). We conclude that Munz was a prisoner protected by the Eighth Amendment. 4

A. Summary Judgment on Merits

Defendants argue that Munz's complaint is insufficient to create a genuine issue of material fact as to his Eighth Amendment excessive force claim. In particular, defendants argue that Munz's allegations of a violent beating are implausible in light of the uncontradicted medical evidence that indicates that Munz suffered, at most, rib contusions. Therefore, defendants argue that the district court improperly denied their summary judgment motion.

"In reviewing a denial of summary judgment, we apply the same standard as that applied by the district court." Cole v. Bone, 993 F.2d 1328, 1331 (8th...

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124 practice notes
  • O'BRYAN v. KTIV Television, No. C 93-4089.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. Northern District of West Virginia
    • November 22, 1994
    ...added); see also Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322-23, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 2552-53, 91 L.Ed.2d 265 (1986); Munz v. Michael, 28 F.3d 795, 798 (8th Cir.1994); Roth v. U.S.S. Great Lakes Fleet, Inc., 25 F.3d 707, 708 (8th Cir.1994); Cole v. Bone, 993 F.2d 1328, 1331 (8th Cir.1993); Woods......
  • Wahpeton Canvas Co. v. Bremer, No. C 93-4093.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. Northern District of West Virginia
    • May 22, 1995
    ...added); see also Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322-23, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 2552-53, 91 L.Ed.2d 265 (1986); Munz v. Michael, 28 F.3d 795, 798 (8th Cir.1994); Roth v. U.S.S. Great Lakes Fleet, Inc., 25 F.3d 707, 708 (8th Cir.1994); Cole v. Bone, 993 F.2d 1328, 1331 (8th Cir.1993); Woods......
  • Utica Mut. Ins. Co. v. Stockdale Agency, No. C 95-4010.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. Northern District of West Virginia
    • July 10, 1995
    ...U.S. 317, 322-23, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 2552-53, 91 L.Ed.2d 265 (1986); Beyerbach v. Sears, 49 F.3d 1324, 1325 (8th Cir.1995); Munz v. Michael, 28 F.3d 795, 798 (8th Cir.1994); Roth v. U.S.S. Great Lakes Fleet, Inc., 25 F.3d 707, 708 (8th Cir.1994); Cole v. Bone, 993 F.2d 1328, 1331 (8th Cir.1993......
  • DePugh v. Smith, No. C 94-4030.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. Northern District of West Virginia
    • March 22, 1995
    ...added); see also Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322-23, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 2552-53, 91 L.Ed.2d 265 (1986); Munz v. Michael, 28 F.3d 795, 798 (8th Cir.1994); Roth v. U.S.S. Great Lakes Fleet, Inc., 25 F.3d 707, 708 (8th Cir.1994); Cole v. Bone, 993 F.2d 1328, 1331 (8th Cir.1993); Woods......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
124 cases
  • O'BRYAN v. KTIV Television, No. C 93-4089.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. Northern District of West Virginia
    • November 22, 1994
    ...added); see also Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322-23, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 2552-53, 91 L.Ed.2d 265 (1986); Munz v. Michael, 28 F.3d 795, 798 (8th Cir.1994); Roth v. U.S.S. Great Lakes Fleet, Inc., 25 F.3d 707, 708 (8th Cir.1994); Cole v. Bone, 993 F.2d 1328, 1331 (8th Cir.1993); Woods......
  • Wahpeton Canvas Co. v. Bremer, No. C 93-4093.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. Northern District of West Virginia
    • May 22, 1995
    ...added); see also Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322-23, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 2552-53, 91 L.Ed.2d 265 (1986); Munz v. Michael, 28 F.3d 795, 798 (8th Cir.1994); Roth v. U.S.S. Great Lakes Fleet, Inc., 25 F.3d 707, 708 (8th Cir.1994); Cole v. Bone, 993 F.2d 1328, 1331 (8th Cir.1993); Woods......
  • Utica Mut. Ins. Co. v. Stockdale Agency, No. C 95-4010.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. Northern District of West Virginia
    • July 10, 1995
    ...U.S. 317, 322-23, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 2552-53, 91 L.Ed.2d 265 (1986); Beyerbach v. Sears, 49 F.3d 1324, 1325 (8th Cir.1995); Munz v. Michael, 28 F.3d 795, 798 (8th Cir.1994); Roth v. U.S.S. Great Lakes Fleet, Inc., 25 F.3d 707, 708 (8th Cir.1994); Cole v. Bone, 993 F.2d 1328, 1331 (8th Cir.1993......
  • DePugh v. Smith, No. C 94-4030.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. Northern District of West Virginia
    • March 22, 1995
    ...added); see also Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322-23, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 2552-53, 91 L.Ed.2d 265 (1986); Munz v. Michael, 28 F.3d 795, 798 (8th Cir.1994); Roth v. U.S.S. Great Lakes Fleet, Inc., 25 F.3d 707, 708 (8th Cir.1994); Cole v. Bone, 993 F.2d 1328, 1331 (8th Cir.1993); Woods......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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