N.L.R.B. v. New Associates, Nos. 93-3111

CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (3rd Circuit)
Writing for the CourtROTH
Citation35 F.3d 828
Parties147 L.R.R.M. (BNA) 2279, 63 USLW 2194, 128 Lab.Cas. P 11,175 NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD, v. NEW ASSOCIATES d/b/a Hospitality Care Center, Respondent. NEW ASSOCIATES, d/b/a Hospitality Care, v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD, Respondent.
Decision Date16 September 1994
Docket Number93-3147,Nos. 93-3111

Page 828

35 F.3d 828
147 L.R.R.M. (BNA) 2279, 63 USLW 2194,
128 Lab.Cas. P 11,175
NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD,
v.
NEW ASSOCIATES d/b/a Hospitality Care Center, Respondent.
NEW ASSOCIATES, d/b/a Hospitality Care,
v.
NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD, Respondent.
Nos. 93-3111, 93-3147.
United States Court of Appeals,
Third Circuit.
Argued Oct. 25, 1993.
Decided Sept. 16, 1994.

Page 829

Charles P. Donnelly (argued), Jerry M. Hunter, Gen. Counsel, Yvonne T. Dixon, Acting Deputy Gen. Counsel, Nicholas E. Karatinos, Acting Associate Gen. Counsel, Aileen A. Armstrong, Deputy Associate Gen. Counsel, Deborah Schrager, N.L.R.B., Washington, DC, for petitioner/cross-respondent.

Elliot J. Mandel (argued), Peter A. Schneider, Carmelo Grimaldi, Kaufman, Naness, Schneider & Rosenweig, Melville, NY, for respondent/cross-petitioner.

Before: BECKER, ROTH, and LEWIS, Circuit Judges.

OPINION OF THE COURT

ROTH, Circuit Judge:

The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB or the Board) petitions to enforce its July 6, 1992, order against employer New Associates d/b/a Hospitality Care (Hospitality Care). The order requires Hospitality Care to recognize 1115 Nursing Home and Hospital Employees Union (the Union), a division of 1115 Joint Board, as the exclusive bargaining representative of a certain unit of Hospitality Care employees and to cease and desist from certain unfair labor practices. Hospitality Care cross-petitions for review of the order.

The issue for our consideration is whether Hospitality Care was guilty of an unfair labor practice when, due to a pending decertification petition, it withdrew from further collective bargaining and it refused the Union's request for certain employee and financial records. For the reasons set out below, we will deny the NLRB's petition for enforcement of its order, we will grant Hospitality Care's petition for review, and we will remand this case to the NLRB to permit it to determine whether, under the rule we adopt here, the Board chooses to inform Hospitality Care of the percentage of employees who signed the decertification petition.

I.

Hospitality Care operates a nursing home facility in Newark, New Jersey. Through several collective bargaining agreements (CBAs), Hospitality Care has recognized the Union as the exclusive bargaining representative

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of a unit of Hospitality Care employees. On May 1, 1990, pursuant to the terms of the then existing CBA, the Union sought to reopen and negotiate wages and other general terms and conditions of employment. It asked Hospitality Care for the names, addresses, dates of hire, categories, and wage rates of all employees covered by the CBA in order to formulate future bargaining demands and to make the employees aware of their eligibility for benefits and raises. Apparently, there was some confusion regarding the request and Hospitality Care did not supply the information.

On June 1, 1990, the Union sent Hospitality Care a list of demands for a new CBA. The list requested a wage increase for each year of the proposed agreement as well as other increases and benefits. Thereafter, the parties conducted three negotiating sessions. At each meeting, Hospitality Care rejected the Union's demands stating that, because it was having difficulty obtaining reimbursement from the state of New Jersey, it needed to have a total wage freeze for the first year of the new agreement. While the Union agreed to wage reductions in the third year, it would not agree to the first year wage freeze.

The parties held their last meeting on August 9, 1990. The Union again requested the employee information it had been seeking since May. Hospitality Care indicated that it was still in the process of compiling the information. The meeting ended without an agreement and without a date for further negotiations.

Shortly after the August 9 meeting, the Union contacted Hospitality Care and requested the employee information as well as permission to audit Hospitality Care's financial records in order to verify that Hospitality Care was unable to afford a first year wage increase. Despite the Union's repeated requests, Hospitality Care failed to supply any of the information.

On August 23, 1990, a Hospitality Care employee filed a decertification petition with the NLRB asserting that at least thirty percent of the employees no longer recognized the Union as their official bargaining representative. See National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), 29 U.S.C. Sec. 159(c)(1)(A)(ii). Generally, an employee will file such a petition with a Regional Office of the NLRB in order to terminate the recognized union's status as bargaining representative. If the petition is supported by at least thirty percent of the unit employees and if the NLRB finds reasonable cause to believe that there is merit to the petition, the Regional Director will conduct a hearing. Id. at Sec. 159(c)(1). If the hearing demonstrates that there is a serious question of the union's representative status, the NLRB will hold a decertification election within the bargaining unit. Id.

In this case, although the NLRB made an initial determination that the prescribed minimum number of employees no longer supported the Union, it did not release the exact percentage of non-supporting employees to Hospitality Care. As a result, Hospitality Care did not know whether a majority of the employees sought decertification. Hospitality Care withdrew from further collective bargaining based on its assertion that the filing of the petition demonstrated a substantial showing of lack of support for the Union.

On September 12, 1990, while the decertification petition was still pending, the Union filed an unfair labor practice charge with the NLRB. The Union alleged that Hospitality Care had failed to bargain collectively in good faith because it refused to contribute to the Union's funds and to submit accurate lists of employees. After filing the charge, the Union attempted to schedule another bargaining session with Hospitality Care and requested audited financial statements covering several years. At the NLRB hearing, Hospitality Care indicated that it had denied the Union's requests due to the pending decertification petition. Hospitality Care argued that it had properly withdrawn from bargaining because a substantial number of employees no longer recognized the Union as their legitimate bargaining representative.

On September 19, 1991, Administrative Law Judge Fish concluded that Hospitality Care had violated sections 8(a)(1) and (5) of the NLRA, 29 U.S.C. Secs. 158(a)(1), (5), by failing to meet and bargain with the Union. Judge Fish found in addition that Hospitality Care had engaged in an unfair labor practice

Page 831

by failing to furnish information relevant to collective bargaining and by refusing to permit an audit of its financial records. Judge Fish recommended that Hospitality Care cease and desist from refusing to bargain collectively with the Union. He held that, upon the Union's request, Hospitality Care should furnish the names, addresses, dates of hire, categories, and wage rates of unit employees. Moreover, Hospitality Care should provide the Union with audited financial statements or permit the Union to audit its financial records. Hospitality Care filed exceptions to Judge Fish's recommended order.

While the NLRB was considering Judge Fish's decision and Hospitality Care's exceptions to it, the parties resumed collective bargaining. On January 8, 1992, they executed a new agreement effective through December 23, 1995. The NLRB subsequently issued an order on July 6, 1992, adopting Judge Fish's determination. Hospitality Care has refused to provide the Union with its audited financial statements or to permit the Union to conduct an audit of its financial records. Hospitality Care maintains that such information is moot due to the new collective bargaining agreement. To date, Hospitality Care has not fully complied with the NLRB order. 1

The NLRB filed an application for enforcement of its order with this Court. Hospitality Care filed a cross petition for review of the order. The NLRB has held the decertification petition in abeyance pending the outcome of this case.

II.

The NLRB had subject matter jurisdiction pursuant to section 10(a) of the NLRA. 29 U.S.C. Sec. 160(a). This Court has jurisdiction over both the NLRB's application for enforcement of its final order and Hospitality Care's cross-petition for review pursuant to sections 10(e) and (f) of the NLRA. 29 U.S.C. Secs. 160(e), (f).

In reviewing a rule adopted by the NLRB, we will give deference to the Board's interpretation of the NLRA provided that the rule is rational and consistent with the Act. See Fall River Dyeing & Finishing Corp. v. N.L.R.B., 482 U.S. 27, 42, 107 S.Ct. 2225, 2235, 96 L.Ed.2d 22 (1987). We will set aside the NLRB's factual findings only if they are not supported by substantial evidence. Systems Management, Inc. v. N.L.R.B., 901 F.2d 297, 300 (3d Cir.1990) (citing Graham Architectural Products Corp. v. N.L.R.B., 697 F.2d 534, reh'g denied, 706 F.2d 441 (3d Cir.1983)).

III.

The NLRA is designed to foster collective bargaining and industrial stability by providing a procedural framework...

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4 practice notes
  • Exxel/Atmos, Inc. v. N.L.R.B., Nos. 97-1417 and 97-1418
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
    • 26 August 1998
    ...F.2d 137, 146 (D.C.Cir.1989); Allied Indus. Workers, Local Union No. 289 v. NLRB, 476 F.2d 868, 881 (D.C.Cir.1973); NLRB v. New Assocs., 35 F.3d 828, 833-35 (3d Cir.1994). Exxel's refusal to do so constituted a direct violation of our order and hence was clearly Page 978 As a remedy for Exx......
  • N.L.R.B. v. B.A. Mullican Lumber and Mfg. Co., No. 07-2028.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (4th Circuit)
    • 25 July 2008
    ...failure and refusal to disclose the number of decertification slips which it had exclusively in its possession. See NLRB v. New Assocs., 35 F.3d 828, 834 (3d Cir. 1994) (denying enforcement of an NLRB order finding a violation of § 8(a)(5) when the "NLRB possessed the data which would have ......
  • Michigan Bell Telephone Co. and Local 4034, Communications Workers of America (CWA), 07-CA-161545
    • United States
    • National Labor Relations Board
    • 17 July 2020
    ...for Children, Inc., 345 NLRB 1335, 1335-1336 (2005), citing Hospital Care Center, 307 NLRB 1131, 1135 (1992), enf. denied on other grounds 35 F.3d 828 (3d Cir. 1994). Therefore, the Respondent was obliged to furnish the Schall Report in response to part 1. Regarding part 2, the communicatio......
  • Michigan Bell Telephone Co., 07-CA-161545
    • United States
    • National Labor Relations Board
    • 21 June 2018
    ...for Children, Inc., 345 NLRB 1335, 1335-1336 (2005), citing Hospital Care Center, 307 NLRB 1131, 1135 (1992), enf. denied on other grounds 35 F.3d 828 (3d Cir. 1994). Therefore, the Respondent was obliged to furnish the Schall Report in response to part 1. Regarding part 2, the communicatio......
4 cases
  • Exxel/Atmos, Inc. v. N.L.R.B., Nos. 97-1417 and 97-1418
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)
    • 26 August 1998
    ...F.2d 137, 146 (D.C.Cir.1989); Allied Indus. Workers, Local Union No. 289 v. NLRB, 476 F.2d 868, 881 (D.C.Cir.1973); NLRB v. New Assocs., 35 F.3d 828, 833-35 (3d Cir.1994). Exxel's refusal to do so constituted a direct violation of our order and hence was clearly Page 978 As a remedy for Exx......
  • N.L.R.B. v. B.A. Mullican Lumber and Mfg. Co., No. 07-2028.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (4th Circuit)
    • 25 July 2008
    ...failure and refusal to disclose the number of decertification slips which it had exclusively in its possession. See NLRB v. New Assocs., 35 F.3d 828, 834 (3d Cir. 1994) (denying enforcement of an NLRB order finding a violation of § 8(a)(5) when the "NLRB possessed the data which would have ......
  • Michigan Bell Telephone Co. and Local 4034, Communications Workers of America (CWA), 07-CA-161545
    • United States
    • National Labor Relations Board
    • 17 July 2020
    ...for Children, Inc., 345 NLRB 1335, 1335-1336 (2005), citing Hospital Care Center, 307 NLRB 1131, 1135 (1992), enf. denied on other grounds 35 F.3d 828 (3d Cir. 1994). Therefore, the Respondent was obliged to furnish the Schall Report in response to part 1. Regarding part 2, the communicatio......
  • Michigan Bell Telephone Co., 07-CA-161545
    • United States
    • National Labor Relations Board
    • 21 June 2018
    ...for Children, Inc., 345 NLRB 1335, 1335-1336 (2005), citing Hospital Care Center, 307 NLRB 1131, 1135 (1992), enf. denied on other grounds 35 F.3d 828 (3d Cir. 1994). Therefore, the Respondent was obliged to furnish the Schall Report in response to part 1. Regarding part 2, the communicatio......

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