Nat'l Urban League v. Ross, Case No. 20-CV-05799-LHK

CourtUnited States District Courts. 9th Circuit. United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. Northern District of California
Writing for the CourtLUCY H. KOH, United States District Judge
Citation489 F.Supp.3d 939
Parties NATIONAL URBAN LEAGUE, et al., Plaintiffs, v. Wilbur L. ROSS, et al., Defendants.
Decision Date24 September 2020
Docket NumberCase No. 20-CV-05799-LHK

489 F.Supp.3d 939

NATIONAL URBAN LEAGUE, et al., Plaintiffs,
v.
Wilbur L. ROSS, et al., Defendants.

Case No. 20-CV-05799-LHK

United States District Court, N.D. California, San Jose Division.

Signed September 24, 2020


489 F.Supp.3d 948

Pooja Chaudhuri, Ajay P. Saini, Pro Hac Vice, Ezra D. Rosenberg, Pro Hac Vice, Jon Greenbaum, Kristen Clarke, Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Anne Wylde Robinson, Pro Hac Vice, Gemma Donofrio, Pro Hac Vice, Genevieve P. Hoffman, Pro Hac Vice, Melissa Arbus Sherry, Pro Hac Vice, Richard P. Bress, Pro Hac Vice, Tyce Randall Walters, Pro Hac Vice, Latham & Watkins LLP, Washington, DC, Amit Makker, Shannon Danielle Lankenau, Steven Mark Bauer, Sadik Harry Huseny, Latham & Watkins LLP, San Francisco, CA, Kelly Marita Percival, Thomas Patrick Wolf, Pro Hac Vice, Wendy R. Weiser, Pro Hac Vice, Brennan Center for Justice, New York, NY, for Plaintiff National Urban League.

Ajay P. Saini, Pro Hac Vice, Ezra D. Rosenberg, Pro Hac Vice, Jon Greenbaum, Pooja Chaudhuri, Kristen Clarke, Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Anne Wylde Robinson, Pro Hac Vice, Gemma Donofrio, Pro Hac Vice, Genevieve P. Hoffman, Pro Hac Vice, Melissa Arbus Sherry, Pro Hac Vice, Richard P. Bress, Pro Hac Vice, Tyce Randall Walters, Pro Hac Vice, Latham & Watkins LLP, Washington, DC, Amit Makker, Shannon Danielle Lankenau, Steven Mark Bauer, Sadik Harry Huseny, Latham & Watkins LLP, San Francisco, CA, Kelly Marita Percival, Pro Hac Vice, Thomas Patrick Wolf, Pro Hac Vice, Wendy R. Weiser, Pro Hac Vice, Brennan Center for Justice, New York, NY, for Plaintiffs League of Women Voters, Black Alliance for Just Immigration, Texas Harris County, Washington King County, Adrian Garcia.

Danielle Luce Goldstein, Michael Joseph Dundas, Michael Nelson Feuer, Kathleen Alice Kenealy, Office of the Los Angeles City Attorney, Los Angeles, CA, Anne Wylde Robinson, Latham & Watkins LLP, Jon Greenbaum, Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Washington, DC, Steven Mark Bauer, Sadik Harry Huseny, Latham & Watkins LLP, San Francisco, CA, for Plaintiff City of Los Angeles, California.

Christopher Alan Callihan, Michael David Mutalipassi, City of Salinas Office of the City Attorney, Salinas, CA, Anne Wylde Robinson, Latham & Watkins LLP, Jon Greenbaum, Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Washington, DC, Steven Mark Bauer, Sadik Harry Huseny, Latham & Watkins LLP, San Francisco, CA, for Plaintiff City of Salinas, California.

Mark Dale Rosenbaum, Public Counsel, Los Angeles, CA, Pooja Chaudhuri, Ajay P. Saini, Pro Hac Vice, Ezra D. Rosenberg, Pro Hac Vice, Jon Greenbaum, Kristen Clarke, Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Anne Wylde Robinson, Pro Hac Vice, Gemma Donofrio, Pro Hac Vice, Genevieve P. Hoffman, Pro Hac Vice, Melissa Arbus Sherry, Pro Hac Vice, Richard P. Bress, Pro Hac Vice, Tyce Randall Walters, Latham & Watkins LLP, Washington, DC, Amit Makker, Shannon Danielle Lankenau, Steven Mark Bauer, Sadik Harry Huseny, Latham & Watkins LLP, San Francisco, CA, Kelly Marita Percival, Pro Hac Vice, Thomas Patrick Wolf, Pro Hac Vice, Wendy R. Weiser, Pro Hac Vice, Brennan Center for Justice, New York, NY, for Plaintiff City of San Jose, California.

Pooja Chaudhuri, Ajay P. Saini, Pro Hac Vice, Ezra D. Rosenberg, Pro Hac Vice, Jon Greenbaum, Kristen Clarke, Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Anne Wylde Robinson, Pro Hac Vice, Gemma Donofrio, Pro Hac Vice, Genevieve P. Hoffman, Pro Hac Vice, Melissa Arbus Sherry, Pro Hac Vice, Richard P. Bress, Tyce Randall Walters, Pro Hac Vice, Latham & Watkins LLP, Washington, DC, Amit Makker, Shannon Danielle Lankenau, Steven Mark Bauer, Sadik Harry Huseny, Latham & Watkins LLP, San Francisco, CA, Kelly Marita Percival, Pro Hac Vice, Thomas Patrick Wolf, Pro Hac Vice, Wendy R. Weiser, Pro Hac Vice, Brennan Center for Justice, New York, NY, for Plaintiff Rodney Ellis.

Doreen McPaul, Jason M. Searle, Navajo Nation Department of Justice, Window Rock, AZ, Anne Wylde Robinson, Latham & Watkins LLP, Pooja Chaudhuri, Kristen Clarke, Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Washington, DC, Sadik Harry Huseny, Latham & Watkins LLP, San Francisco, CA, for Plaintiff Navajo Nation.

Kelly Marita Percival, Pro Hac Vice, Thomas Patrick Wolf, Pro Hac Vice, Wendy R. Weiser, Pro Hac Vice, Brennan Center for Justice, New York, NY, Melissa Arbus Sherry, Anne Wylde Robinson, Latham and Watkins LLP, Pooja Chaudhuri, Kristen Clarke, Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Washington, DC, Amit Makker, Shannon Danielle Lankenau, Sadik Harry Huseny, Latham & Watkins LLP, San Francisco, CA, for Plaintiff The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.

Mark Flessner, Stephen J. Kane, Rebecca Hirsch, Pro Hac Vice, Coporation Counsel for the City of Chicago, Chicago, IL, Anne Wylde Robinson, Latham & Watkins LLP, Washington, DC, Lily E. Hough, Rafey Sarkis Balabanian, Edelson PC, Sadik Harry Huseny, Latham & Watkins LLP, San Francisco, CA, for Plaintiff City of Chicago, Illinois.

Jacqueline Nicole Harvey, Daniel Patrick Kappes, David Ilan Holtzman, Holland & Knight LLP, Sadik Harry Huseny, Latham & Watkins LLP, San Francisco, CA, Anne Wylde Robinson, Latham & Watkins LLP, Washington, DC, for Plaintiff County of Los Angeles, California.

Dario Joseph Frommer, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, Los Angeles, CA, Anne Wylde Robinson, Latham & Watkins LLP, Donald R. Pongrace, Pro Hac Vice, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer and Feld LLP, Washington, DC, Sadik Harry Huseny, Latham & Watkins LLP, San Francisco, CA, for Plaintiff Gila River Indian Community.

Alexander Sverdlov, Daniel D. Mauler, Jeffrey Bossert Clark, Pro Hac Vice, Alexander Kenneth Haas, Brad Prescott Rosenberg, Ethan Price Davis, David Michael Morrell, Diane Kelleher, United States Department of Justice, Washington, DC, Michael Andrew Zee, United States Department of Justice, San Francisco, CA, for Defendants Wilbur L. Ross, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau.

Alexander Sverdlov, Daniel D. Mauler, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC, Michael Andrew Zee, United States Department of Justice, San Francisco, CA, for Defendant Steven Dillingham.

ORDER GRANTING PLAINTIFFS’ MOTION FOR STAY AND PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION

Re: Dkt. No. 36

LUCY H. KOH, United States District Judge

489 F.Supp.3d 950

Plaintiffs National Urban League; League of Women Voters; Black Alliance for Just Immigration; Harris County, Texas; King County, Washington; City of Los Angeles, California; City of Salinas, California; City of San Jose, California; Rodney Ellis; Adrian Garcia; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; City of Chicago, Illinois; County of Los Angeles, California; Navajo Nation; and Gila River Indian Community (collectively, "Plaintiffs") sue Defendants Commerce Secretary Wilbur L. Ross, Jr.; the U.S. Department of Commerce; the Director of the U.S. Census Bureau Steven Dillingham, and the U.S. Census Bureau ("Bureau") (collectively, "Defendants") for violations of the Enumeration Clause and the Administrative Procedure Act ("APA").

Before the Court is Plaintiffs’ motion for stay and preliminary injunction ("motion for preliminary injunction"). Having considered the parties’ submissions; the parties’ oral arguments at the September 22, 2020 hearing and numerous case management conferences; the relevant law; and the record in this case, the Court GRANTS Plaintiffs’ motion, STAYS the Replan's September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2020 deadlines, and preliminarily ENJOINS Defendants from implementing these deadlines.

I. BACKGROUND

A. Factual Background

The 2020 Census is "a 15.6 billion dollar operation years in the making." Defendants’ Opp. to Plaintiffs’ Motion for Stay and Preliminary Injunction at 1 ("PI Opp."). As a result, after nearly a decade of preparation, Defendants adopted a final operational plan for the 2020 Census in December 2018 called the Operational Plan Version 4.0. However, in March 2020, shortly after the beginning of data collection, the COVID-19 pandemic upended Defendants’ Operational Plan and necessitated more time for census operations. Accordingly, on April 13, 2020, Defendants adopted the COVID-19 Plan, which elongated the schedule for data collection and processing and the Secretary of Commerce's

489 F.Supp.3d 951

reports of population "tabulations" to the President and the states. See 13 U.S.C. § 141(b), (c). On August 3, 2020, Defendants announced the Replan, which reduced the COVID-19 timeframes for data collection and processing by half.

Below, the Court first describes census data collection, data processing, and reporting in general terms. The Court then details the deadlines for these operations under the Operational Plan Version 4.0; the COVID-19 Plan; and the Replan.

1. Deadlines for data collection, data processing, and the Secretary's reports to the President and the states.

As relevant here, there are four key deadlines in the 2020 Census. First is the deadline for self-responses to census questionnaires. At the end of the self-response period, the Census Bureau stops accepting responses to...

To continue reading

Request your trial
4 practice notes
  • City of San Jose v. Trump, No. 20-CV-05167-RRC-LHK-EMC
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. Northern District of California
    • October 22, 2020
    ...usually receive data by the end of March to use in their redistricting cycles, see Nat'l Urban League v. Ross , No. 20-CV-05799-LHK, 489 F.Supp.3d 939, 951, (N.D. Cal. 2020) (noting that "the Secretary of Commerce issues two reports pursuant to the Census Act: (1) ‘the tabulation of total p......
  • Brennan Ctr. for Justice at NYU Sch. of Law v. Dep't of Commerce, Civil Action No. 20-2674 (TJK)
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. United States District Court (Columbia)
    • October 30, 2020
    ...of California granted a preliminary injunction enjoining the shorter deadline. Nat'l Urban League v. Ross , No. 20-CV-05799-LHK, 489 F.Supp.3d 939, (N.D. Cal. Sept. 24, 2020). But in October, the Supreme Court, by staying the injunction pending appeal, effectively permitted data collection ......
  • New York v. Trump, 20-CV-5770 (RCW) (PWH) (JMF)
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. Southern District of New York
    • September 29, 2020
    ...Director of the U.S. Census Bureau, and the U.S. Census Bureau "from implementing these two deadlines." Nat'l Urban League v. Ross , 489 F. Supp. 3d 939, 1004, No. 5:20-CV-5799 (LHK), (N.D. Cal. Sept. 24, 2020).2 Notably, we entered final judgment only 48 days after these lawsuits were file......
  • First Nat'l Ins. Co. of Am. v. Ayala, Case No. 5:19-cv-01060-EJD
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. Northern District of California
    • September 24, 2020
    ...known, forecloses the possibility of any coverage under Ayala's Homeowners Policy. The FAC does not give rise to coverage any more 489 F.Supp.3d 939 than the original complaint did. This is because under California law, the duty to defend is determined not just by reference to the allegatio......
4 cases
  • City of San Jose v. Trump, No. 20-CV-05167-RRC-LHK-EMC
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. Northern District of California
    • October 22, 2020
    ...usually receive data by the end of March to use in their redistricting cycles, see Nat'l Urban League v. Ross , No. 20-CV-05799-LHK, 489 F.Supp.3d 939, 951, (N.D. Cal. 2020) (noting that "the Secretary of Commerce issues two reports pursuant to the Census Act: (1) ‘the tabulation of total p......
  • Brennan Ctr. for Justice at NYU Sch. of Law v. Dep't of Commerce, Civil Action No. 20-2674 (TJK)
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. United States District Court (Columbia)
    • October 30, 2020
    ...of California granted a preliminary injunction enjoining the shorter deadline. Nat'l Urban League v. Ross , No. 20-CV-05799-LHK, 489 F.Supp.3d 939, (N.D. Cal. Sept. 24, 2020). But in October, the Supreme Court, by staying the injunction pending appeal, effectively permitted data collection ......
  • New York v. Trump, 20-CV-5770 (RCW) (PWH) (JMF)
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. Southern District of New York
    • September 29, 2020
    ...Director of the U.S. Census Bureau, and the U.S. Census Bureau "from implementing these two deadlines." Nat'l Urban League v. Ross , 489 F. Supp. 3d 939, 1004, No. 5:20-CV-5799 (LHK), (N.D. Cal. Sept. 24, 2020).2 Notably, we entered final judgment only 48 days after these lawsuits were file......
  • First Nat'l Ins. Co. of Am. v. Ayala, Case No. 5:19-cv-01060-EJD
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. Northern District of California
    • September 24, 2020
    ...known, forecloses the possibility of any coverage under Ayala's Homeowners Policy. The FAC does not give rise to coverage any more 489 F.Supp.3d 939 than the original complaint did. This is because under California law, the duty to defend is determined not just by reference to the allegatio......

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT