Newman v. Hacker

Decision Date26 November 1975
Citation530 S.W.2d 376
PartiesW. O. NEWMAN, Acting Commissioner, Department of Public Safety, Appellant, v. James Edgar HACKER, Appellee.
CourtUnited States State Supreme Court — District of Kentucky

Mary Jo Arterberry, Midway, for appellant.

Robert L. Milby, Hammn, Taylor, Milby & Farmer, B. Robert Stivers, London, for appellee.

VANCE, Commissioner.

The appellee, James Edgar Hacker, was arrested by a state police officer and charged with the offense of driving a motor vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor. KRS 189.520. He was requested by the officer to submit to a breathalyzer test but declined to do so except in the presence of counsel. He was advised that his refusal to take the test would result in the revocation of his mother vehicle operator's license pursuant to the provisions of KRS 186.565.

Appellee's operator's license was revoked and he petitioned the circuit court for relief. The trial judge held that submission to a breathalyzer test is tantamount to giving evidence against one's self and therefore the appellee was entitled to have assistance of counsel when the test was administered. The judgment of the circuit court invalidated the order or suspension on the theory that appellee's refusal to submit to the test was justified.

W. O. Newman, Acting Commissioner of the Department of Public Safety, appeals.

We held in Newman v. Stinson, Ky., 489 S.W.2d 826 (1972), that Fifth Amendment rights are not involved by the taking of breath samples for analysis for the reason that the administration of such tests are searches of the person for evidence rather than a compulsion of testimony. See also Schmerber v. California, 384 U.S. 757, 86 S.Ct. 1826, 16 L.Ed.2d 908 (1966).

In United States v. Wade, 388 U.S. 218, 87 S.Ct. 1926, 18 L.Ed.2d 1149 (1967), it was held that such procedures as fingerprinting and the taking of blood and breath samples for analysis were not critical stages of a prosecution and the denial of the right to have counsel present at such procedures did not constitute a violation of the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States.

We conclude that the appellee had no right to have counsel present at the time the breathalyzer test was administered.

Appellee contends that he requested the officers to take him to a hospital for a blood test which they declined to do. KRS 189.520(8) provides that a person tested shall be permitted to have a duly licensed physician, of his own choosing, administer a test, in...

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8 cases
  • State v. Epperson
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Iowa
    • April 19, 1978
    ...1187 (1975); Mills v. Bridges, 93 Idaho 679, 471 P.2d 66 (1970); People v. Mulack, 40 Ill.2d 429, 240 N.E.2d 633 (1968); Newman v. Hacker, 530 S.W.2d 376 (Ky.1975); Harrison v. State, Dept. of Pub. Safety, Driv. Lic. Div., 298 So.2d 312 (La.App.1974); State v. Palmer, 291 Minn. 302, 191 N.W......
  • Dunn v. Petit, s. 77-342-M
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Rhode Island
    • July 18, 1978
    ...(1975); Mills v. Bridges, 93 Idaho 679, 471 P.2d 66 (1970); Gottschalk v. Sueppel, 258 Iowa 1173, 140 N.W.2d 866 (1966); Newman v. Hacker, 530 S.W.2d 376 (Ky.1975); Spradling v. Deimeke, 528 S.W.2d 759 (Mo.1975); Rusho v. Johns, 186 Neb. 131, 181 N.W.2d 448 (1970); Harlan v. State, 113 N.H.......
  • State ex rel. Juckett v. Evergreen Dist. Court
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Washington
    • May 24, 1982
    ...test is not a critical stage in the criminal prosecution. See Davis v. Pope, 128 Ga.App. 791, 197 S.E.2d 861 (1973); Newman v. Hacker, 530 S.W.2d 376 (Ky.1975); Dunn v. Petit, 388 A.2d 809 The United States Supreme Court, 449 U.S. 977, 101 S.Ct. 390, 66 L.Ed.2d 240 (1980), vacated Fitzsimmo......
  • Price v. North Carolina Dept. of Motor Vehicles, 7726SC295
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of North Carolina (US)
    • June 20, 1978
    ...45 Cal.App.3d 653, 119 Cal.Rptr. 804; Cogdill v. Department of Public Safety,135 Ga.App. 339, 217 S.E.2d 502 (1975); Newman v. Hacker, 530 S.W.2d 376 (Ky.1975). In spite of this general rule based upon constitutional rights, a growing number of states are according the accused a statutory r......
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