Nonnon v. City of New York

CourtNew York Court of Appeals
Writing for the CourtMemorandum
Citation874 N.E.2d 720,9 N.Y.3d 825
Decision Date27 June 2007
PartiesPatricia NONNON, Individually and as Executrix of Kerri Nonnon, Deceased, et al., Respondents, v. CITY OF NEW YORK, Appellant. (And Other Actions.)
874 N.E.2d 720
9 N.Y.3d 825
Patricia NONNON, Individually and as Executrix of Kerri Nonnon, Deceased, et al., Respondents,
v.
CITY OF NEW YORK, Appellant. (And Other Actions.)
Court of Appeals of New York.
June 27, 2007.

[874 N.E.2d 721]

Michael A. Cardozo, Corporation Counsel, New York City (Elizabeth S. Natrella, Leonard Koerner and Christopher G. King of counsel), for appellant.

Mauro Goldberg & Lilling LLP, Great Neck (Barbara DeCrow Goldberg, Kenneth Mauro and Richard J. Montes of counsel), for respondents.

Herzfeld & Rubin, P.C., New York City (Michael Hoenig and Miriam Skolnik of counsel), and Hugh F. Young, Jr., Reston, Virginia, for Product Liability Advisory Council, Inc., amicus curiae.

Atlantic Legal Foundation, New York City (Martin S. Kaufman of counsel), for Marcia Angell and others, amici curiae.

[9 N.Y.3d 826]

OPINION OF THE COURT

MEMORANDUM.


The order of the Appellate Division should be affirmed, with costs, and the certified question answered in the affirmative.

This litigation concerns the 81-acre Pelham Bay Landfill, owned and operated by the City of New York, and officially closed in 1978 after allegations of illegal dumping of pollutants. In 1982, the City determined that the landfill's surface water and groundwater contained contaminants that exceeded state standards, and in 1983 the facility was listed as an inactive hazardous waste disposal site. Plaintiffs are children and adults (and their families or executors) who live or lived within one mile of the landfill and developed acute lymphoid leukemia or Hodgkin's disease. Between 1991 and 1993, they brought nine lawsuits (since consolidated) alleging that the City's negligence in creating and maintaining the landfill resulted in elevated levels of toxic substances that caused their injuries or deaths.

On September 29, 2000, the City moved both pursuant to CPLR 3211 and 3212 to dismiss several claims as barred by the statute of limitations, and pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(7) to dismiss the complaints as failing to state a cause of action. The City asserted that its 3211(a)(7) motion was based on plaintiffs' "inability to assert a causal connection between defendant's conduct and the many injuries from which they purportedly suffer."

9 N.Y.3d 827

Both the City and plaintiffs submitted expert affidavits addressed to causation. The trial court denied the City's CPLR

3211(a)(7) motion and the Appellate Division, with two justices dissenting,...

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325 practice notes
  • G.L. v. Markowitz,
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • December 12, 2012
    ...and determine only whether the facts as alleged fit within any [955 N.Y.S.2d 645]cognizable legal theory’ ” ( Nonnon v. City of New York, 9 N.Y.3d 825, 827, 842 N.Y.S.2d 756, 874 N.E.2d 720, quoting Leon v. Martinez, 84 N.Y.2d 83, 87–88, 614 N.Y.S.2d 972, 638 N.E.2d 511). The Supreme Court ......
  • Lugo v. N.Y. City Health
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • September 13, 2011
    ...v. Stein, 65 A.D.3d 573, 575, 884 N.Y.S.2d 442; Nonnon v. City of New York, 32 A.D.3d 91, 101, 819 N.Y.S.2d 705, affd. on other grounds 9 N.Y.3d 825, 842 N.Y.S.2d 756, 874 N.E.2d 720; Zito v. Zabarsky, 28 A.D.3d 42, 44, 812 N.Y.S.2d 535; see also [929 N.Y.S.2d 275] Giordano v. Market Am., I......
  • Smith v. N.Y.C. Hous. Auth., 401019/2012
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New York)
    • December 20, 2013
    ...unlike defendant supporting the motion, may supplement 46 Misc.3d 242her pleading with admissible evidence. Nonnon v. City of New York, 9 N.Y.3d 825, 827, 842 N.Y.S.2d 756, 874 N.E.2d 720 (2007) ; Cron v. Hargro Fabrics, 91 N.Y.2d 362, 366 & n., 670 N.Y.S.2d 973, 694 N.E.2d 56 (1998) ; Ray ......
  • Artis v. Random House, Inc.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New York)
    • May 20, 2011
    ...allegations as true, liberally construe them, and draw all reasonable inferences in plaintiff's favor. Nonnon v. City of New York, 9 N.Y.3d 825, 827, 842 N.Y.S.2d 756, 874 N.E.2d 720 (2007); Goshen v. Mutual Life Ins. Co. of NY, 98 N.Y.2d at 326, 746 N.Y.S.2d 858, 774 N.E.2d 1190; Harris v.......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
325 cases
  • G.L. v. Markowitz,
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • December 12, 2012
    ...and determine only whether the facts as alleged fit within any [955 N.Y.S.2d 645]cognizable legal theory’ ” ( Nonnon v. City of New York, 9 N.Y.3d 825, 827, 842 N.Y.S.2d 756, 874 N.E.2d 720, quoting Leon v. Martinez, 84 N.Y.2d 83, 87–88, 614 N.Y.S.2d 972, 638 N.E.2d 511). The Supreme Court ......
  • Lugo v. N.Y. City Health
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • September 13, 2011
    ...v. Stein, 65 A.D.3d 573, 575, 884 N.Y.S.2d 442; Nonnon v. City of New York, 32 A.D.3d 91, 101, 819 N.Y.S.2d 705, affd. on other grounds 9 N.Y.3d 825, 842 N.Y.S.2d 756, 874 N.E.2d 720; Zito v. Zabarsky, 28 A.D.3d 42, 44, 812 N.Y.S.2d 535; see also [929 N.Y.S.2d 275] Giordano v. Market Am., I......
  • Smith v. N.Y.C. Hous. Auth., 401019/2012
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New York)
    • December 20, 2013
    ...unlike defendant supporting the motion, may supplement 46 Misc.3d 242her pleading with admissible evidence. Nonnon v. City of New York, 9 N.Y.3d 825, 827, 842 N.Y.S.2d 756, 874 N.E.2d 720 (2007) ; Cron v. Hargro Fabrics, 91 N.Y.2d 362, 366 & n., 670 N.Y.S.2d 973, 694 N.E.2d 56 (1998) ; Ray ......
  • Artis v. Random House, Inc.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (New York)
    • May 20, 2011
    ...allegations as true, liberally construe them, and draw all reasonable inferences in plaintiff's favor. Nonnon v. City of New York, 9 N.Y.3d 825, 827, 842 N.Y.S.2d 756, 874 N.E.2d 720 (2007); Goshen v. Mutual Life Ins. Co. of NY, 98 N.Y.2d at 326, 746 N.Y.S.2d 858, 774 N.E.2d 1190; Harris v.......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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