Norris v. Warden, Md. House of Correction

Decision Date10 March 1967
Docket NumberNo. 47,47
Citation1 Md.App. 69,227 A.2d 248
CourtCourt of Special Appeals of Maryland



This is an application for leave to appeal from an order of May 13, 1966, of Judge Meyer M. Cardin, sitting in the Criminal Court of Baltimore, denying relief sought by a first petition filed by Joseph Norris under the Uniform Post Conviction Procedure Act.

On April 20, 1964, applicant pleaded guilty to one charge of burglary and was found guilty of another charge of burglary before Judge Edwin J. Harlan, presiding in the Criminal Court of Baltimore, and was sentenced to three years on each charge, the sentences to run consecutively. No motion for a new trial was made nor appeal noted. On February 3, 1966, applicant filed a petition for relief listing six contentions:

'1) Police interrogators neglected to inform the Petitioner of his right to have the advice of Counsel.

'2) Petitioner was denied the right to legal Counsel at the time of his Preliminary Hearing.

'3) Petitioner was denied his right to legal representation at the time of his arraignment.

'4) Petitioner's trial attorney (Court Appointed) was inadequate.

'5) The evidence was insufficient to support a verdict of guilty.

'6) And for such other and further grounds as will be urged at the hearing of this petition.'

He notes 'Through ignorance and lack of competence on the part of the Petitioner's Counsel at trial, the Petitioner did not Appeal the above mentioned conviction to the Maryland Court of Appeals.' This will be considered as part of the fourth contention.

The docket shows an application for leave to appeal filed June 13, 1966, although a letter from applicant to the Clerk of the Court of Appeals requesting an appeal is dated June 14, 1966. Assuming the docket entry to be correct, the appeal was filed within the time required by Maryland Rule BK46 a, as June 12, 1966, was a Sunday.

The application, however, does not comply with Maryland Rule BK46 b, failing to contain a brief statement of the reasons why the order should be reversed or modified and may be denied for this reason alone. We think, however, that the application should be denied on the merits of the contentions raised in the lower court. Johnson v. Director, 243 Md. 708, 222 A.2d 248.

First Contention: At the hearing applicant did not contend that he requested counsel and was denied such request. Without deciding that a request for counsel is required, applicant does not come under the purview of Miranda v. State of Arizona, 348 U.S. 436, 86 S.Ct. 1602, 16 L.Ed.2d 694, (June 13, 1966) as Miranda is not retroactive. Meadows v. Warden, 243 Md. 710, 222 A.2d 249; Johnson v. State of New Jersey, 384 U.S. 719, 86 S.Ct. 1772, 16 L.Ed.2d 882 (1966). Nor is there a contention that a confession was admitted into evidence, so the circumstances of his interrogation do not come within the facts of Escobedo v. State of Illinois, 378 U.S. 478, 84 S.Ct. 1758, 12 L.Ed.2d 977. The first contention is without merit.

Second and Third Contentions: Lack of counsel at a preliminary hearing is no ground for post conviction relief, there being no allegation that applicant pleaded guilty at such hearing and that evidence of that plea was introduced at the trial. Evans v. Warden, 240 Md. 333, 214 A.2d 144.

Applicant pleaded not guilty at his arraignment as shown by the docket entries. He testified at the post conviction hearing that the Court withheld plea on initial call for arraignment until counsel was appointed for him. He was in no way prejudiced and lack of counsel at arraignment affords him no ground for relief. Evans v. Warden, supra.

Fourth Contention: The Court of Appeals has broadened the former test of inadequacy of counsel as it existed prior to Turner v. State of Md., 303 F.2d 507 (4th Ct.) and its sequel, Turner v. State of Md., 318 F.2d 852 (4th Ct.) by its decision in Hyde v. Warden, 235 Md. 641, and other cases cited at 646 of 235 Md., 202 A.2d 382, at 385...

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16 cases
  • State v. Hardy
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • September 29, 1967
    ...the presence of counsel. Baldwin v. Warden, 243 Md. 326, 221 A.2d 73; Gopshes v. Warden, 240 Md. 732, 215 A.2d 216; Norris v. Warden, 1 Md.App. 69, 227 A.2d 248; Crumb v. State, 1 Md.App. 98, 227 A.2d 369. It is abundantly clear that the mere fact that Hardy was not represented by counsel f......
  • Gullion v. Warden, Md. Penitentiary
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • February 28, 1968
    ...242 Md. 405, 219 A.2d 25; Groh v. Warden, 1 Md.App. 674, 232 A.2d 826; Charles v. State, 1 Md.App. 222, 228 A.2d 620; Norris v. Warden, 1 Md.App. 69, 227 A.2d 248; Cherrix v. Warden, 1 Md.App. 65, 227 A.2d 50. When applying the standard of 'genuine and effective representation' to the case ......
  • Crosby v. State
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • December 7, 1967
    ...when an accused does not plead guilty at a arraignment (Gross did not so plead), he is not prejudiced by lack of counsel. Norris v. Warden, 1 Md.App. 69, 277 A.2d 248. There is no merit in this CONVICTIONS OF CHARLES E. WILLIAMS Williams contends that the evidence was not legally sufficient......
  • Harris v. State
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • May 19, 1967
    ...This Court has also held that Miranda is not retroactively applied. Crumb v. State, 1 Md.App. 98, 227 A.2d 369 (1967); Norris v. Warden, 1 Md.App. 69, 227 A.2d 248 (1967). Nor is appellant within the ambit of Escobedo v. State of Illinois, 378 U.S. 478, 84 S.Ct. 1758, 12 L.Ed.2d 977 (1963) ......
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