Owens v. Cnty. of Dutchess, 2016–09646

Decision Date27 June 2018
Docket Number2016–09646,Index No. 1440/16
Citation162 A.D.3d 1040,80 N.Y.S.3d 350
Parties In the Matter of Alethea OWENS, petitioner, v. COUNTY OF DUTCHESS, et al., respondents.
CourtNew York Supreme Court — Appellate Division

O'Neil & Burke, LLP, Poughkeepsie, N.Y. (William T. Burke of counsel), for petitioner.

James M. Fedorchak, County Attorney, Poughkeepsie, N.Y. (Caroline E. Blackburn of counsel), for respondents.



Proceeding pursuant to CPLR article 78 to review a determination of the Commissioner of the County of Dutchess Department of Community and Family Services dated March 18, 2016. The Commissioner adopted a hearing officer's finding that the petitioner was guilty of a charge of misconduct and terminated the petitioner's employment.

ADJUDGED that the determination is confirmed, the petition is denied, and the proceeding is dismissed on the merits, with costs.

The petitioner, an employee of the County of Dutchess Department of Community and Family Services, became involved in an argument with a coworker on the day in question. At some point the coworker said "bite me" to the petitioner. The petitioner then approached the coworker from behind and bit her on the arm, which caused her pain and bruising.

The petitioner was charged with one count of misconduct and/or incompetence. At an administrative hearing, the petitioner admitted to the act but maintained that she merely was joking and had not intended to hurt the coworker. The hearing officer found the petitioner guilty of misconduct for biting the coworker's arm. The Commissioner of the County of Dutchess Department of Community and Family Services adopted the hearing officer's findings of fact and determined that termination of the petitioner's employment was an appropriate penalty given the nature of the incident, the petitioner's failure to appreciate the significance of her actions, her lack of remorse, and her failure to adhere to previous warnings to modify her behavior.

The petitioner commenced this proceeding pursuant to CPLR article 78 to review the Commissioner's determination. The petitioner contended that the determination finding her guilty of misconduct was not supported by substantial evidence as the evidence showed that she was making an inappropriate joke and did not intend to harm the coworker. She also argued that the punishment of termination of her employment was disproportionate to the offense due to her 19 years of service to the County without any formal disciplinary history. The matter was transferred to this Court from the Supreme Court as it involves a substantial evidence review.

In employee disciplinary cases, judicial review of factual findings made after a hearing pursuant to Civil Service Law § 75 is limited to a consideration of whether the determination was supported by substantial evidence (see CPLR 7803[4] ; 300 Gramatan Ave. Assoc. v. State Div. of Human Rights, 45 N.Y.2d 176, 408 N.Y.S.2d 54, 379 N.E.2d 1183 ; Matter of...

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