Paramount Finance Company v. United States, 17005.

Decision Date28 June 1967
Docket NumberNo. 17005.,17005.
Citation379 F.2d 543
PartiesThe PARAMOUNT FINANCE COMPANY, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. UNITED STATES of America, Defendant-Appellant.
CourtU.S. Court of Appeals — Sixth Circuit

Howard J. Feldman, Department of Justice, Washington, D. C., Mitchell Rogovin, Asst. Atty. Gen., Lee A. Jackson, Joseph Kovner, Attys., Department of Justice, Washington, D. C., on brief; Merle M. McCurdy, U. S. Atty., James L. Oakar, Asst. U. S. Atty., Cleveland, Ohio, of counsel, for appellant.

Philip Kasdan, Cleveland, Ohio, for appellee.

Before EDWARDS and CELEBREZZE, Circuit Judges, and NEESE, District Judge.*

NEESE, District Judge.

S. & C. Tavern, Inc.1 procured a loan from the plaintiff2 and applied the proceeds to the purchase of a tavern business in Cleveland, Ohio. The taxpayer made its promissory note to the lender, securing the repayment of the loan with a security agreement3 and financing statement. The lender perfected its security interest in the collateral given by the taxpayer by filings in the respective offices of the recorder of Cuyahoga County, Ohio and the Ohio secretary of state on August 15, 1962.

Within two years therefrom the taxpayer was in default on the loan and deficient in paying its federal taxes. The defendant assessed the taxpayer on April 23, 1964 with a tax deficiency of $4,988.03. Four days afterward, the defendant's agents filed with the aforementioned recorder a lien on the taxpayer's property for federal tax liabilities, and its agents seized, 26 U.S.C. § 6331(b), the tavern property, including DA-3 permit no. 3494 of the Ohio Department of Liquor Control, respecting a liquor license which had been issued theretofore to the taxpayer.

The lender brought suit on June 16, 1964 in an Ohio state court to enforce collection of the balance due on the note of $5,394.00 and to foreclose on the security agreement. The appellant, a defendant in the state litigation, removed the action to the District Court for the Northern District of Ohio. 28 U.S.C. § 1444.

The taxpayer's property and property rights were sold under 26 U.S.C. § 6331 (b) at an adjourned sale on June 19, 1964 and, subject to the approval of the Ohio liquor control authorities, the taxpayer's liquor license was transferred to the successful purchasers at the sale. After allowances for expenses and claims, the fund remaining for distribution from the proceeds of such sale was $3,588.40. The District Judge applied this amount to the satisfaction of the lender's rights under the security agreement.4

The defendant was authorized to collect the tax due it from the taxpayer by levy on and seizure of the state liquor license.5 Barr v. United States, 337 F.2d 693, 695 2 (C.A. 6, 1964). However, such lien imposed thereon by 26 U.S.C. § 6321 was invalid against the lender's perfected purchase money security interest under the aforementioned security agreement and financing statement. 26 U.S.C. § 6323. The perfected security agreement was effective according to its terms against the defendant as a tax creditor of the taxpayer. Ohio R.C. § 1309.12.

The security interest acquired by the lender was a "purchase money security interest" under the Ohio Commercial Code,6 which applies "* * * so far as concerns any personal property and fixtures within the jurisdiction of Ohio * * *: (1) to any transaction, regardless of its form, which is intended to create a security interest in personal property or fixtures including goods, documents, instruments, general intangibles, chattel paper, accounts or contract rights * * *." Ohio R.C. § 1309.02 (A). A "* * * `General intangible' means any personal property, including things in action, other than goods, accounts, contract rights, chattel paper, documents and instruments." Ohio R.C. § 1309.01(A) (12).

The taxpayer could not transfer to the lender title to the liquor license issued to it by the Ohio Department of Liquor Control, Abraham v. Fioramonte, 158 Ohio St. 213 6, 107 N.E.2d 321, 33 A.L.R.2d 1267 (1952), but the taxpayer could, and did, transfer to the lender a security interest in the...

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    ...by the trustee. The IRS argues that the tax lien issue has already been decided by this Circuit's decision in Paramount Finance Co. v. United States, 379 F.2d 543 (6th Cir.1967). Paramount Finance involved a dispute between the IRS and the holder of a prior security interest over the procee......
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    ...the lien of Bierman had been perfected in 1977, when created, it would have had priority over that of the U.S. In Paramount Finance Co. v. U.S., 379 F.2d 543 (6th Cir.1967) the taxpayer gave a security interest by a security agreement to a lender who furnished money to buy a tavern. This li......
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