Payne v. Duke Power Co.

Decision Date19 March 1991
Docket NumberNo. 23396,23396
CourtSouth Carolina Supreme Court
Parties, Util. L. Rep. P 26,067 Lota G. PAYNE, Dewayne O. Looper, Cambridge House of Furniture, Inc., and Douglas A. Hayes, Jack Mangum and Clair M. Mangum, William O. Noffz, Odell Cohen, W. Jones Hodges, Herbert E. Keadle and Frances S. Keadle, Marion Hitt, Durst A. Loftin, Bernice R. Horne, and James A. McQuown, M.D., Individually and on Behalf of All Others Similarly Situated, as a Class, Appellants, v. DUKE POWER COMPANY and Greenwood County, Respondents. . Heard

J. Kendall Few, Greenville, William W. Griffith and Marvin R. Watson, Greenwood, for appellants.

Donald L. Ferguson, Watson L. Dorn, Greenwood, and Steve C. Griffith, Jr., Charlotte, N.C., for respondent Duke Power Co.

Howard L. Burns, Greenwood, for respondent Greenwood County.

CHANDLER, Justice:

This class action against Duke Power Company (Duke) and Greenwood County (County) was commenced by certain Duke customers (Customers) who contend Duke violated the contract under which it purchased an electric power system from the County. Customers appeal judgment in favor of Duke and the County.

We affirm.


Prior to the sale to Duke, County, through the Greenwood County Electric Power Commission (Greenwood), provided retail electric service to more than 9,000 customers. On May 10, 1965, Greenwood and Duke representatives met to discuss the possibility of Duke's purchasing the system. From an understanding reached at this meeting, Duke tendered a written offer to purchase.

In response to Duke's offer, the General Assembly enacted Act No. 1293 of 1966, 2 which authorized the sale, provided it be approved by a majority of Greenwood County voters in a referendum. The Act further provided:

The rates to be charged for electric power for all connections which exist at the consummation of the sale shall be the lower of the rates charged by the Greenwood County Electric Power Commission and Duke Power Company and the same shall not be grounds for any claim alleging discrimination. The rates to be charged for electric power for connections after the date of the sale shall be the applicable rates of Duke Power Company. As used herein the word "connections" shall be deemed to mean the physical connection of a resident or business establishment and shall have no reference to the person or business firm occupying the premises so connected, and the benefit of the lower rate shall continue although the person or firm occupying such premises may change from time to time. [Emphasis supplied].

On March 4, 1966, Duke accepted the terms of Act 1293, including modifications to its original offer. Upon approval by the voters, and after authorization was obtained from the South Carolina Public Service Commission (PSC) and the Federal Power Commission, the sale was consummated on July 1, 1966.

Thereafter, Duke filed the Greenwood rate schedules with PSC, which approved the Greenwood rates "so long as bills under these rates are lower than bills under approved Duke Power Company rates...." Duke's system for comparing rates was described in a letter sent to all former Greenwood customers. The letter, copy of which was included in the PSC filing, stated in part:

After the proper Duke rate has been determined, the electric bill for your location will be computed for the twelve months preceding July 1, 1966, on both the Duke and Greenwood rates.

If the Duke rate is lower, you will be billed on the Duke rate for all future billing at that location, and you will be given a credit for any difference between the two rates rendered since the first of July. In all probability, this will occur within two to three months.

If your bill is lower on the Greenwood rate, you will continue to be billed on the Greenwood rate at your location. Every month a comparison will be made and when the 12 months bill becomes lower on the Duke rate, billing will be changed to the Duke rate. Therefore, it will not be necessary that you request a change to the lower rate. [Emphasis supplied].

Duke began implementation of the "systematic monthly bill comparison" in October, 1966. Although at the time of sale it was anticipated that rates would continue their downward trend, 3 Duke, in 1971, was granted the first of several rate-increases. 4 This effectively ended the need for comparing bills, and Duke discontinued the practice shortly thereafter. In the meantime, over 4,000 customers were transferred to the Duke rates.

Customers were also transferred upon a change either in the character of the connection, for example an upgrade from single-phase to three-phase service, or in the On March 17, 1980, Customers commenced this class action for declaratory, monetary, and injunctive relief. Shortly thereafter, Duke applied to PSC for transfer of all former Greenwood customers to the Duke rates. PSC's denial of the application precipitated court action by Duke, culminating in this Court's opinion upholding the constitutionality of Act 1293 and interpreting it so as to prohibit PSC from increasing the old Greenwood rates. See Duke Power Co. v. South Carolina Pub. Serv. Comm'n, 284 S.C. 81, 326 S.E.2d 395 (1985).

                type of use, for example, from residential to commercial.   Duke deemed these changes as constituting "new connections" to which the Duke rates applied.   These changes have resulted in the transfer of approximately 600 customers. 5

Customers' class action, which had been removed from the calendar, was restored. It proceeded to trial before the court without a jury, resulting in judgment for Duke and the County.


The sole issue we address is whether Duke breached the contract of purchase.


The Amended Complaint establishes three subclasses of customer-plaintiffs:

(a) those transferred to the Duke rates as a result of the systematic monthly bill comparison;

(b) those transferred to the Duke rates as a result of change in the character of connection; and

(c) those transferred to the Duke rates as a result of change in use of the premises from residential to commercial.

Customers in subclass (a) contend the contract imposed a continuing duty upon Duke to retransfer customers back to the Greenwood rates once the Duke rates became higher than Greenwood's. Trial court held that retransfer was not required. We agree.

As embodied in Act 1293, the contract, while expressly mandating the lower of the two rates, is silent regarding retransfer. Accordingly, parole evidence was properly considered. Soulios v. Mills Novelty Co., 198 S.C. 355, 17 S.E.2d 869 (1941). We hold the trial court correctly construed the contract.

First, it was the understanding of all parties involved in negotiating and implementing...

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4 cases
  • Littlefield v. SC FORESTRY COM'N
    • United States
    • South Carolina Supreme Court
    • December 20, 1999
    ...No. Four, 314 S.C. 431, 445 S.E.2d 441 (1994); Brown v. County of Horry, 308 S.C. 180, 417 S.E.2d 565 (1992); Payne v. Duke Power Co., 304 S.C. 447, 405 S.E.2d 399 (1991); South Carolina Pub. Serv. Auth. v. Citizens and Southern Nat'l Bank of South Carolina, 300 S.C. 142, 386 S.E.2d 775 We ......
  • Wanning v. Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — District of South Carolina
    • June 5, 2013
    ...Code § 58-27-8980 and deprives the PSC of jurisdiction to modify the contract." 326 S.E.2d at 406.2 Subsequently, in Payne v. Duke Power Co., 405 S.E.2d 399 (S.C. 1991), the South Carolina Supreme Court held: "Although in Duke Power v. Public Service Commission, supra, this Court held that ......
  • 3109 Hwy. 25 S., L.L.C. v. Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC
    • United States
    • South Carolina Supreme Court
    • August 21, 2019 transferred from the Greenwood rate to the Duke rate when a "new connection" has been established. See Payne v. Duke Power Co., 304 S.C. 447, 452, 405 S.E.2d 399, 401-02 (1991) (holding a "new connection" effectuates a transfer from the Greenwood rate to the Duke rate). We have further e......
  • 3109 Hwy.25 S., L.L.C. v. Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC
    • United States
    • South Carolina Supreme Court
    • August 21, 2019
    ...three phase) or use of the premises (e.g. from residential to commercial) constitutes a new connection effectuating a transfer to Duke rates." Id. filed a complaint against Duke with the Commission, alleging the drive-in's transfer to the Duke rate was improper. Duke argues the transfer was......

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