People v. Ayala

Decision Date04 December 2013
Citation975 N.Y.S.2d 889,112 A.D.3d 646,2013 N.Y. Slip Op. 08094
PartiesThe PEOPLE, etc., respondent, v. Pedro AYALA, appellant.
CourtNew York Supreme Court — Appellate Division

OPINION TEXT STARTS HERE

Lynn W.L. Fahey, New York, N.Y. (Lisa Napoli of counsel), for appellant.

Richard A. Brown, District Attorney, Kew Gardens, N.Y. (John M. Castellano and Laura T. Ross of counsel; James Rodriguez on the memorandum), for respondent.

Appeal by the defendant, as limited by his motion, from a sentence of the Supreme Court, Queens County (Hanophy, J.), imposed August 17, 2010, on the ground that the sentence was excessive.

ORDERED that the sentence is affirmed.

“When a trial court characterizes an appeal as one of the many rights automatically extinguished upon entry of a guilty plea,” a waiver of the right to appeal is invalid (People v. Lopez, 6 N.Y.3d 248, 256, 811 N.Y.S.2d 623, 844 N.E.2d 1145). In the instant case, although the right to appeal was discussed separately from the other rights the defendant was forfeiting by pleading guilty, the question “you're going to have to waive your right to appeal both the plea and the sentence. Do you understand that?” was insufficient to insure that the defendant grasped the distinction between rights automatically forfeited upon a plea of guilty, and the waiver of the right to appeal, especially in view of the fact that there is no written waiver in the record ( see People v. Norfort, 101 A.D.3d 756, 954 N.Y.S.2d 499; cf. People v. Ramos, 7 N.Y.3d 737, 738, 819 N.Y.S.2d 853, 853 N.E.2d 222; People v. Jefferson, 104 A.D.3d 875, 960 N.Y.S.2d 655). Accordingly, the defendant's purported waiver of his right to appeal was invalid, and does not preclude review of his excessive sentence claim.

However, the sentence imposed was not excessive ( see People v. Suitte, 90 A.D.2d 80, 455 N.Y.S.2d 675).

ENG, P.J., SKELOS, ROMAN, COHEN and HINDS–RADIX, JJ., concur.

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14 cases
  • People v. Brown
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • 10 Septiembre 2014
    ...told: "[Y]ou're going to have to waive your right to appeal both the plea and the sentence. Do you understand that?" ( People v. Ayala, 112 A.D.3d 646, 975 N.Y.S.2d 889 [internal quotation marks omitted] ). "The determination as to whether [the] particular waiver satisfies [the above-stated......
  • People v. Camarda
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • 13 Abril 2016
    ...People v. Gordon, 127 A.D.3d 1230, 1231, 5 N.Y.S.3d 900 ; People v. Cantarero, 123 A.D.3d 841, 841, 996 N.Y.S.2d 724 ; People v. Ayala, 112 A.D.3d 646, 975 N.Y.S.2d 889 ). Furthermore, although the defendant executed a written appeal waiver form, there is no indication on the record that th......
  • People v. Beckford
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • 4 Diciembre 2013
  • People v. Lugo
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • 6 Marzo 2019
    ...right to appeal and the consequences of waiving it (see People v. Brown, 122 A.D.3d 133, 137, 142, 992 N.Y.S.2d 297 ; People v. Ayala, 112 A.D.3d 646, 975 N.Y.S.2d 889 ; People v. Salgado, 111 A.D.3d 859, 859, 975 N.Y.S.2d 172 ; People v. Nugent, 109 A.D.3d 625, 970 N.Y.S.2d 634 ). Furtherm......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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