People v. Bowman, 3-88-0197

CourtUnited States Appellate Court of Illinois
Citation180 Ill.App.3d 755,536 N.E.2d 449
Decision Date17 March 1989
Docket NumberNo. 3-88-0197,3-88-0197
Parties, 129 Ill.Dec. 609 The PEOPLE of the State of Illinois, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Ricky BOWMAN, Sr., Defendant-Appellee.

Page 449

536 N.E.2d 449
180 Ill.App.3d 755, 129 Ill.Dec. 609
The PEOPLE of the State of Illinois, Plaintiff-Appellant,
Ricky BOWMAN, Sr., Defendant-Appellee.
No. 3-88-0197.
Appellate Court of Illinois,
Third District.
March 17, 1989.

Page 450

[180 Ill.App.3d 756] [129 Ill.Dec. 610] Gary F. Gnidovec, States' Attorney's Appellate Prosecutor, Ottawa, and James T. Teros, State's Attorney, Rock Island, for the People.

Richard P. Coppula, Rock Island, for Ricky Bowman, Sr.

Justice SCOTT delivered the opinion of the court:

The trial court granted defendant Ricky Bowman's motion to dismiss, based on a violation of his statutory right to a speedy trial. The State appeals the order.

On April 29, 1987, the defendant was charged in a criminal complaint with residential burglary. On August 6, 1987, the defendant was placed in the Rock Island County Jail and on the same day a public defender was appointed to represent him. The next day, the defendant demanded a speedy trial. On August 11, 1987, attorney Fred Kopp was appointed to represent the defendant. Kopp had a contract with the County of Rock Island to represent criminal defendants who might have a conflict with the public defender's office. On October 8, 1987, the defendant was arraigned and a trial date of November 23, 1987, was set.

On November 1, 1987, attorney Alexander Jarrin replaced Kopp as conflicts public defender, since Kopp had terminated his employment with the County of Rock Island effective October 31, 1987. On [180 Ill.App.3d 757] November 18, 1987, Jarrin filed a motion to remove the defendant's case from the November jury list and to continue the case, alleging that he had insufficient time to prepare a defense. Although Jarrin and the prosecutor stipulated that the delay would be attributable to the defendant, their stipulation was not included in the order granting the motion. The defendant was not present when the motion was presented nor was a hearing conducted on the motion.

In mid-January of 1988, the defendant wrote a letter to the chief judge stating that he had not wanted a continuance and that he had desired to go to trial on November 23, 1987. He further pointed out that he had not had a trial date set since the continuance. Approximately two weeks later, the defendant again wrote to the chief judge, requesting that attorney Richard Coppula be appointed to represent him.

On February 19, 1988, Coppula filed an entry of appearance on behalf of the defendant and Jarrin was allowed to withdraw.

Page 451

[129 Ill.Dec. 611] On that same day, the defendant filed a motion to dismiss, alleging a violation of the Speedy Trial Act (Ill.Rev.Stat.1987, ch. 38, par. 103-5). The defendant had been in custody continuously for a period of 197 days, from August 6, 1987, until his motion to dismiss was filed. Following a hearing, the trial court granted the defendant's motion, discharging the defendant. On February 24, 1988, the State filed a motion to reconsider, which the trial court subsequently denied.

On appeal, the State argues that the trial court erred in granting the defendant's motion to dismiss. The State contends that the 120-day speedy trial period was tolled by the defendant's motion to remove his case from the jury list and to continue the matter.

Section 103-5(a) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Ill.Rev.Stat.1987, ch. 38, par. 103-5(a)), provides that an accused in custody is to be brought to trial within 120 days from the date he was taken into custody, unless delay is occasioned by the defendant. When a court-appointed counsel withdraws on his own initiative due to a conflict of interest, any resulting delay cannot be charged to the defendant (People v. Roberts (1985), 133 Ill.App.3d 731, 88 Ill.Dec. 773, 479 N.E.2d 386), unless the withdrawal was made under circumstances from which it may be inferred that the defendant acquiesced in the delay (People v. McGuire (1984), 123 Ill.App.3d 908, 79 Ill.Dec. 487, 463 N.E.2d 1041). Since the trial court is in a better position to determine whether the defendant acquiesced in the delay, a reviewing court will affirm its decision unless it amounts to an abuse of discretion. People v. Keagbine (1979), 77 Ill.App.3d 1039, 33 Ill.Dec. 617, 396 N.E.2d 1341.

At the hearing on the instant defendant's motion to dismiss, the [180 Ill.App.3d 758] defendant testified that he was not notified until November 18, 1987, that attorney Kopp no longer represented him. The defendant further testified that he was not aware that his newly appointed counsel, Alexander Jarrin, had filed a motion for a continuance until two days after it was filed. The defendant testified that he told Jarrin that he did not want a continuance.

Kopp testified on behalf of the State that he had informed the defendant in late October that Jarrin would be taking over the case and would probably need more time to prepare. Kopp also explained to the defendant that he could either have the case settled...

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6 cases
  • People v. Bowman, 68539
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Illinois
    • September 26, 1990
    ...a motion to dismiss, alleging a violation of the speedy-trial act. The trial judge granted this motion. The appellate court affirmed. (180 Ill.App.3d 755, 129 Ill.Dec. 609, 536 N.E.2d 449.) We granted the State's petition for leave to appeal (107 Ill.2d Rules 315(a), The only issue that thi......
  • Baugh v. Cuprum S.A. De C.V., 16-1106
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (7th Circuit)
    • January 11, 2017
    ...the product's risks outweigh its benefits (the "risk-utility test"). Id. , 327 Ill.Dec. 1, 901 N.E.2d at 336 (citing Lamkin v. Towner , 180 Ill.App.3d 755, 129 Ill.Dec. 609, 536 N.E.2d 449, 457 (1990) ). The consumer-expectation test is a simpler inquiry than the risk-utility test, as the l......
  • People v. Davis, 2-88-0288
    • United States
    • United States Appellate Court of Illinois
    • March 17, 1989
    ...or the trial court, and it is apparent that phrase and the defendant's unsupported assertion above are too imprecise for this [180 Ill.App.3d 755] court to take judicial notice of their existence. (See In re Marriage of Aud (1986), 142 Ill.App.3d 320, 325-26, 96 Ill.Dec. 615, 619, 491 N.E.2......
  • People v. Solis, 2-89-1356
    • United States
    • United States Appellate Court of Illinois
    • January 8, 1991
    ...are factually similar to the case at bar. On appeal, defendant again cites Roberts and Collum in addition to People v. Bowman (1989), 180 Ill.App.3d 755, 129 Ill.Dec. 609, 536 N.E.2d 449, in urging that there was no continuance of the trial attributable to defendant. We note, however, that ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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