People v. Carryl, 2017–04932

CourtNew York Supreme Court Appellate Division
Citation93 N.Y.S.3d 703,169 A.D.3d 818
Docket Number2017–04932,S.C.I. No. 6667/16
Parties The PEOPLE, etc., Respondent, v. Michaell CARRYL, Appellant.
Decision Date13 February 2019

169 A.D.3d 818
93 N.Y.S.3d 703

The PEOPLE, etc., Respondent,
v.
Michaell CARRYL, Appellant.

2017–04932
S.C.I. No. 6667/16

Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.

Submitted - November 28, 2018
February 13, 2019


Paul Skip Laisure, New York, N.Y. (Isa Chakarian of counsel), for appellant.

Eric Gonzalez, District Attorney, Brooklyn, N.Y. (Leonard Joblove and Camille O'Hara Gillespie of counsel; Anna Arena on the memorandum), for respondent.

WILLIAM F. MASTRO, J.P., ROBERT J. MILLER, COLLEEN D. DUFFY, HECTOR D. LASALLE, JJ.

DECISION & ORDER

169 A.D.3d 818

ORDERED that the judgment is affirmed.

The defendant entered into a plea agreement pursuant to which he pleaded guilty to burglary in the third degree. The defendant was sentenced, in accordance with the plea agreement, to a three-year period of conditional discharge (see Penal Law § 65.05 ). At the time of sentencing, the Supreme Court issued a final order of protection in favor of the complainant.

On appeal, the defendant contends that the three-year period of conditional discharge was excessive and that he should have received an unconditional discharge (see Penal Law § 65.20 ). The defendant also raises contentions relating to the final order of protection. In response, the People argue, among other things, that the defendant's challenge to his sentence is precluded by his valid waiver of the right to appeal and that his arguments relating to the order of protection are unpreserved for appellate review.

A waiver of the right to appeal "is effective only so long as the record demonstrates that it was made knowingly, intelligently and voluntarily" ( People v. Lopez , 6 N.Y.3d 248, 256, 811 N.Y.S.2d 623, 844 N.E.2d 1145 ; see People v. Bradshaw , 18 N.Y.3d 257, 264, 938 N.Y.S.2d 254, 961 N.E.2d 645 ; People v. Brown , 122 A.D.3d 133, 136, 992 N.Y.S.2d 297 ). Although the Court of Appeals has "repeatedly observed that there is no mandatory litany

169 A.D.3d 819

that must be used in order to obtain a valid waiver of appellate rights" ( People v. Johnson , 14 N.Y.3d 483, 486, 903 N.Y.S.2d 299, 929 N.E.2d 361 ), "[t]he best way to ensure that the record reflects that the right is known and intentionally relinquished

93 N.Y.S.3d 705

by the defendant is to fully explain to the defendant, on the record, the nature of the right to appeal and the consequences of waiving it" ( People v. Brown , 122 A.D.3d at 142, 992 N.Y.S.2d 297 ; see People v. Rocchino , 153 A.D.3d 1284, 59 N.Y.S.3d 715 ; People v. Blackwood , 148 A.D.3d 716, 716, 48 N.Y.S.3d 709 ).

As this Court recently articulated, " ‘a thorough explanation should include an advisement that, while a defendant ordinarily retains the right to appeal even after he or she pleads guilty, the defendant is being asked, as a condition of the plea agreement, to waive that right’ " ( People v. Batista , 167 A.D.3d 69, 76, 86 N.Y.S.3d 492, quoting People v. Brown , 122 A.D.3d at 144, 992 N.Y.S.2d 297 ; see People v. Swen , 164 A.D.3d 926, 927, 82 N.Y.S.3d 100 ; People v. Davis , 164 A.D.3d 827, 828, 82 N.Y.S.3d 150 ; People v. Spitzer , 163 A.D.3d 591, 592, 76 N.Y.S.3d 410 ; People v. Medina , 161 A.D.3d 778, 779, 76 N.Y.S.3d 629 ). A defendant should also " ‘receive an explanation of the nature of the right to appeal, which essentially advises that this right entails the opportunity to argue, before a higher court, any issues pertaining to the defendant's conviction and sentence and to have that higher court decide whether the conviction or sentence should be set aside based upon any of those issues ... [and] that appellate counsel will be appointed in the event that he or she were indigent’ " ( People v. Batista , 167 A.D.3d at 76, 86 N.Y.S.3d 492, quoting People v. Brown , 122 A.D.3d at 144, 992 N.Y.S.2d 297 ; see People v. Swen , 164 A.D.3d at 927, 82 N.Y.S.3d 100 ; People v. Davis , 164 A.D.3d at 828, 82 N.Y.S.3d 150 ; People v. Spitzer , 163 A.D.3d at 592, 76 N.Y.S.3d 410 ). Finally, " ‘trial courts should then explain the consequences of waiving the right to appeal, i.e., that the conviction and sentence...

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9 practice notes
  • People v. Slade, 2018–08826
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • February 26, 2020
    ...( People v. Brown, 122 A.D.3d at 142, 992 N.Y.S.2d 297 ; see People v. Ayala, 172 A.D.3d 1085, 1086, 100 N.Y.S.3d 334 ; People v. Carryl, 169 A.D.3d 818, 819, 93 N.Y.S.3d 703 ).118 N.Y.S.3d 201 As this Court recently articulated, " ‘a thorough explanation should include an advisement that, ......
  • People v. Patel, 2014–10967
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • February 20, 2019
    ...at 930, 953 N.Y.S.2d 893 ; People v. Vines, 51 A.D.3d at 828, 859 N.Y.S.2d 661 ; People v. Hernandez, 11 A.D.3d 479, 782 N.Y.S.2d 776 ).93 N.Y.S.3d 703 In fulfilling our responsibility to conduct an independent review of the weight of the evidence (see CPL 470.15[5] ; People v. Danielson, 9......
  • People v. Thomas, 2019–03608
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • April 14, 2021
    ...34 N.Y.3d 545, 122 N.Y.S.3d 226, 144 N.E.3d 970 ; People v. Sanders, 25 N.Y.3d 337, 12 N.Y.S.3d 593, 34 N.E.3d 344 ; People v. Carryl, 169 A.D.3d 818, 93 N.Y.S.3d 703 ). Nonetheless, the defendant's contentions that an order of protection should be vacated because the Supreme Court failed t......
  • People v. Marchetti, 2018–06201
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • July 15, 2020
    ...to a 125 N.Y.S.3d 578 plea of guilty (see People v. Lopez, 6 N.Y.3d 248, 256, 811 N.Y.S.2d 623, 844 N.E.2d 1145 ; People v. Carryl, 169 A.D.3d 818, 819–820, 93 N.Y.S.3d 703 ). It bears noting that the defendant, who was 29 years old at the time of the plea, was a high school graduate, was g......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
9 cases
  • People v. Slade, 2018–08826
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • February 26, 2020
    ...( People v. Brown, 122 A.D.3d at 142, 992 N.Y.S.2d 297 ; see People v. Ayala, 172 A.D.3d 1085, 1086, 100 N.Y.S.3d 334 ; People v. Carryl, 169 A.D.3d 818, 819, 93 N.Y.S.3d 703 ).118 N.Y.S.3d 201 As this Court recently articulated, " ‘a thorough explanation should include an advisement that, ......
  • People v. Patel, 2014–10967
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • February 20, 2019
    ...at 930, 953 N.Y.S.2d 893 ; People v. Vines, 51 A.D.3d at 828, 859 N.Y.S.2d 661 ; People v. Hernandez, 11 A.D.3d 479, 782 N.Y.S.2d 776 ).93 N.Y.S.3d 703 In fulfilling our responsibility to conduct an independent review of the weight of the evidence (see CPL 470.15[5] ; People v. Danielson, 9......
  • People v. Thomas, 2019–03608
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • April 14, 2021
    ...34 N.Y.3d 545, 122 N.Y.S.3d 226, 144 N.E.3d 970 ; People v. Sanders, 25 N.Y.3d 337, 12 N.Y.S.3d 593, 34 N.E.3d 344 ; People v. Carryl, 169 A.D.3d 818, 93 N.Y.S.3d 703 ). Nonetheless, the defendant's contentions that an order of protection should be vacated because the Supreme Court failed t......
  • People v. Marchetti, 2018–06201
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • July 15, 2020
    ...to a 125 N.Y.S.3d 578 plea of guilty (see People v. Lopez, 6 N.Y.3d 248, 256, 811 N.Y.S.2d 623, 844 N.E.2d 1145 ; People v. Carryl, 169 A.D.3d 818, 819–820, 93 N.Y.S.3d 703 ). It bears noting that the defendant, who was 29 years old at the time of the plea, was a high school graduate, was g......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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