People v. English

Decision Date09 July 2014
Citation988 N.Y.S.2d 697,119 A.D.3d 706,2014 N.Y. Slip Op. 05200
CourtNew York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
PartiesThe PEOPLE, etc., respondent, v. Marc C. ENGLISH, appellant.

OPINION TEXT STARTS HERE

Lynn W.L. Fahey, New York, N.Y. (Jenin Younes of counsel), for appellant.

Richard A. Brown, District Attorney, Kew Gardens, N.Y. (John M. Castellano, Johnnette Traill, and Christopher J. Blira–Koessler of counsel), for respondent.

MARK C. DILLON, J.P., PLUMMER E. LOTT, LEONARD B. AUSTIN, and BETSY BARROS, JJ.

Appeal by the defendant from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Queens County (Knopf, J.), rendered May 24, 2012, convicting him of criminal mischief in the third degree, unauthorized use of a motor vehicle in the second degree, and petit larceny, upon a jury verdict, and imposing sentence.

ORDERED that the judgment is affirmed.

Contrary to the defendant's contention, the integrity of the grand jury proceedings was not impaired when defense counsel's supervisor was not permitted to be in the grand jury room during the defendant's testimony. The defendant was not deprived of his right to counsel pursuant to CPL 190.52. Defense counsel was present in the grand jury room, and there is nothing in the record to indicate that he was incapable of effectively representing the defendant at the grand jury proceedings ( see People v. Sutton, 43 A.D.3d 133, 136, 839 N.Y.S.2d 746). There is no indication in the record that the prosecutor prevented the defendant from conferring with his attorney during the grand jury proceedings, or that the defendant sought to confer with counsel and was unable to do so ( see People v. Diaz, 211 A.D.2d 402, 621 N.Y.S.2d 36). The defendant was permitted to speak with counsel each time he asked to do so. The defendant's remaining contentions regarding the grand jury proceedings are based upon matter dehors the record and cannot be reviewed on this direct appeal from the judgment of conviction ( see People v. Sivels, 114 A.D.3d 708, 979 N.Y.S.2d 838;People v. Palmer, 29 A.D.3d 606, 815 N.Y.S.2d 129;People v. Sain, 261 A.D.2d 488, 691 N.Y.S.2d 64).

The Supreme Court did not improvidently exercise its discretion in denying the defendant's Batson challenge ( see Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U.S. 79, 106 S.Ct. 1712, 90 L.Ed.2d 69). The prosecutor provided race-neutral reasons for exercising a peremptory challenge against a prospective juror, which were focused on her quiet demeanor and whether she would be able to speak up during deliberations ( see People v. Wells, 7 N.Y.3d 51, 58, 817 N.Y.S.2d 590, 850 N.E.2d 637). The defendant failed to prove purposeful discrimination by the prosecution in exercising a peremptory challenge against the prospective juror, and there is no basis to disturb the court's determination that the prosecutor's proffered race-neutral reasons were not pretextual ( see People v. Hecker, 15 N.Y.3d 625, 656, 917 N.Y.S.2d 39, 942 N.E.2d 248;People v. Carrington, 105 A.D.3d 970, 964 N.Y.S.2d 546).

Finally, the Supreme Court's Sandoval ruling ( see People v. Sandoval, 34 N.Y.2d 371, 357 N.Y.S.2d 849, 314 N.E.2d 413) was not an improvident exercise of discretion. The court balanced the relevant factors and formulated an appropriate compromise ( see People v. Stewart, 265 A.D.2d 586, 698 N.Y.S.2d 37;People v. Hodges, 262 A.D.2d 332, 692 N.Y.S.2d 92). The court permitted the People to inquire as to the names and underlying facts of only three offenses: criminal sale of marijuana in the fourth degree, resisting arrest,and bail jumping. None of those offenses was the same as or similar to any of the offenses charged in the instant case, and thus, any questioning as to the facts of the prior offenses would not have had the effect of establishing that the defendant had a propensity to commit the crimes charged ( see People v. Lebron, 213 A.D.2d 678, 624 N.Y.S.2d 198). The offenses of criminal sale of marijuana in the fourth degree, resisting arrest, and bail jumping reflect the defendant's willingness to place his own interests above those of society and were relevant to his credibility, and the court properly...

To continue reading

Request your trial
15 cases
  • People v. Spencer, 1237
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • 13 Marzo 2020
    ...nonpretextual reasons for exercising peremptory challenges with respect to those prospective jurors (see People v. English, 119 A.D.3d 706, 706, 988 N.Y.S.2d 697 [2d Dept. 2014], lv denied 24 N.Y.3d 1043, 998 N.Y.S.2d 313, 23 N.E.3d 156 [2014] ; see generally People v. Smocum, 99 N.Y.2d 418......
  • People v. Linder
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • 15 Marzo 2019
    ...the court's determination that the prosecutor's explanations in this case were not pretextual (see e.g. People v. English, 119 A.D.3d 706, 706, 988 N.Y.S.2d 697 [2d Dept. 2014], lv denied 24 N.Y.3d 1043, 998 N.Y.S.2d 313, 23 N.E.3d 156 [2014] ; Holloway, 71 A.D.3d at 1486–1487, 897 N.Y.S.2d......
  • People v. Green
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • 28 Julio 2016
    ...was valid and nonpretextual (see People v. Wells, 7 N.Y.3d 51, 58, 817 N.Y.S.2d 590, 850 N.E.2d 637 [2006] ; People v. English, 119 A.D.3d 706, 706, 988 N.Y.S.2d 697 [2014], lv. denied 24 N.Y.3d 1043, 998 N.Y.S.2d 313, 23 N.E.3d 156 [2014] ; People v. Lee, 80 A.D.3d 877, 879–880, 914 N.Y.S.......
  • People v. Hunter
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • 12 Septiembre 2019
    ...839 N.Y.S.2d 746 [2007], lv denied 9 N.Y.3d 1010, 850 N.Y.S.2d 398, 880 N.E.2d 884 [2007] ; see CPL 190.52[2] ; People v. English, 119 A.D.3d 706, 706, 988 N.Y.S.2d 697 [2014], lv denied 24 N.Y.3d 1043, 998 N.Y.S.2d 313, 23 N.E.3d 156 [2014] ; People v. Salvador, 176 Misc.2d 915, 916, 675 N......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT