People v. Goodson, Cr. 27958

CourtCalifornia Court of Appeals
Citation80 Cal.App.3d 290,145 Cal.Rptr. 489
Docket NumberCr. 27958
PartiesThe PEOPLE, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. Walter Wayne GOODSON, Defendant and Appellant.
Decision Date24 April 1978

Joseph Shemaria, Los Angeles, for defendant and appellant.

Evelle J. Younger, Atty. Gen., Jack R. Winkler, Chief Asst. Atty. Gen., S. Clark Moore, Asst. Atty. Gen., Alexander W. Kirkpatrick and Frederick R. Millar, Jr., Deputy Attys. Gen., for plaintiff and respondent.

STEPHENS, Associate Justice.

Defendant appeals from the judgment entered following a jury trial that resulted in his conviction for oral copulation (Pen.Code, § 288a) and kidnaping (Pen.Code, § 207). He was sentenced to state prison for the term prescribed by law. He contends: "I. Testimony concerning the prior uncharged sexual assault upon Muhtadi (S.) was erroneously admitted into evidence. II. The trial court abused its discretion in denying appellant's application for probation. III. The trial court erred in failing to state reasons for denying appellant's application for probation."

Viewed in the light most favorable to the judgment the evidence established that on September 19, 1974 at 9:30 p. m. Virginia D. received a phone call from appellant who stated that he had been given her number by a mutual friend and wished to see her. She gave him her address and, because her car was inoperable, asked him to drive her to the USC Medical Center where she was employed as a nurse's assistant on the shift beginning at 11:00 p. m. Appellant arrived shortly thereafter introducing himself as "Jackie" and Ms. D. entered the car carrying her uniform in a bag.

The two drove to a restaurant at Ms. D.'s request. While there appellant made several phone calls and became agitated. His sudden change in manner, screaming epithets over the phone, frightened Ms. D. She grew apprehensive that "he had something up his sleeve."

According to her testimony Ms. D. balked at reentering appellant's car whereupon he grabbed both her arm and her purse and threatened her, telling her "he had called a couple of the guys and if I didn't do what he said, they were all going to rape me." Ms. D. entered the car because she was in fear and because appellant promised to take her to work.

Appellant, however, drove off in the wrong direction, parked the car in a dark isolated area, and tried to tear off Ms. D.'s clothes. In the words of the victim, "he told me I either have a choice, I either had to fuck him or else I had to give him some head, and if I didn't do either, all of his friends were on the way and they were all going to get me." He then exposed his penis and forced her to commit an act of oral copulation against her will.

Appellant subsequently drove Ms. D. to her place of employment, stopping across the street. Ms. D. testified that there "(h)e grabbed my purse and told me since I didn't fuck him, he was going to take my money." Appellant removed $10 from the victim's wallet before handing it back to her. Ms. D. hastily threw her uniform on over her clothes, exited the car, and managed to write down appellant's license number before he drove off.

Evidence was admitted over appellant's objection of a prior offense for which he was never prosecuted. Some time in August 1972 appellant called Ms. Muhtadi S., introduced himself as "Jackie," and told her that he had been given her phone number by a mutual friend. They had two pleasant uneventful dates.

On August 9, 1972 Ms. S. agreed to go with appellant to the Lighthouse to hear a jazz musician and appellant picked her up at her home in his car accompanied by a man identified as Poole. When they arrived at the club appellant was refused entrance through the back door by an employee. A commotion ensued during which appellant "was loaded and yelling and swearing." Ms. S. became alarmed by his abnormal behavior and attempted to leave by herself whereupon appellant and Poole forced her into the car and drove off.

When they parked Ms. S. screamed and appellant threatened to kill her if she didn't shut up. They then drove to another secluded location and appellant ordered her, "Either screw me or let me eat you or go down on me, give me head." Appellant clutched at the hysterical victim's clothes in an attempt to disrobe her. He pushed her head down onto Poole and forced her to orally copulate Poole. He then forced her to perform the same act upon himself as Poole attempted to have intercourse with her from behind. Ms. S. choked and threw up. Eventually appellant drove off with her in the car warning her to keep quiet about the incident.

Shortly thereafter the vehicle was stopped by the police for some unspecified reason and Ms. S. told them of the attack. She also noticed that her wallet was missing from her purse. When the police retrieved the wallet from the back seat she discovered that twenty-eight dollars and change were missing.

Appellant testified in his own defense stating that he had met Ms. S. once in 1972 at a public festival and that they had been accompanied by a friend named Robert Poole. He denied assaulting her at any time. He further testified that on September 19, 1974 he had been approached by Ms. D., hitherto unknown to him, in a gas station and had agreed to give her a ride to work. He denied that any sexual act had taken place between them.

The trial court did not err when it admitted evidence of the similar uncharged offense committed in 1972 against Ms. S. As defense counsel stated at trial, "(t)he defense would be that in fact the act of a criminal nature that the witness had testified to didn't take place. So I would unequivocally state that neither identification or intent of any kind, specific or general is at all in issue . . . ." The pivotal question in the instant case was the credibility of Ms. D. and evidence of the uncharged offense against Ms. S. was relevant to corroborate the earlier testimony of Ms. D.

"1] It is settled that evidence of other crimes is ordinarily admissible where it tends to show presence of a common design, plan, or modus operandi, and this rule applies to sex offenses committed with persons other than the prosecuting witness where the offenses are not too remote, are similar to the offense charged, and are committed with persons similar to the prosecuting witness. (Citations.)" (People v. Pierce (1970) 11 Cal.App.3d 313, 322, 89 Cal.Rptr....

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13 cases
  • People v. Poon, Cr. 18505
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals
    • 30 Octubre 1981
    ...117 Cal.Rptr. 664, 528 P.2d 752; People v. Cramer (1967) 67 Cal.2d 126, 130, 60 Cal.Rptr. 230, 429 P.2d 582; People v. Goodson (1978) 80 Cal.App.3d 290, 294-295, 145 Cal.Rptr. 489; People v. Whittington, supra, 74 Cal.App.3d 806, 815-816, 141 Cal.Rptr. There are, quite obviously, certain di......
  • People v. Owens, Cr. 19880
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals
    • 21 Noviembre 1980
    ...has met the heavy burden he bears in attacking an order denying probation to show a clear abuse of discretion. (People v. Goodsen (1978) 80 Cal.App.3d 290, 295, 145 Cal.Rptr. 489.) His first argument is therefore Appellant's next argument, challenging the constitutionality of Penal Code sec......
  • State v. Roscoe, 5831.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Arizona
    • 28 Diciembre 1984
    ...offense charged and was committed with a person similar to the prosecuting witness in the case being tried. People v. Goodson, 80 Cal. App.3d 290, 292, 145 Cal. Rptr. 489, 491 (1978); People v. Kelly, 66 Cal.2d 232, 57 Cal. Rptr. 363, 371, 424 P.2d 947, 956 (1967). In the case at bench, the......
  • People v. St. Andrew, Cr. 18747
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    • California Court of Appeals
    • 28 Enero 1980 a witness regarding the crime charged against defendant." (Id., at pp. 479-480, 159 Cal.Rptr. at p. 623. Cf. People v. Goodson (1978) 80 Cal.App.3d 290, 295, 145 Cal.Rptr. 489 (holding that evidence admissible on the basis of a common design or plan may be used, in part, to corroborate t......
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