People v. Hagen

Citation247 A.D.2d 405,669 N.Y.S.2d 49
Parties, 1998 N.Y. Slip Op. 1200 The PEOPLE, etc., Respondent, v. Clyde HAGEN, Appellant.
Decision Date02 February 1998
CourtNew York Supreme Court — Appellate Division

Michael E. Lipson, Garden City, for appellant.

Richard A. Brown, District Attorney, Kew Gardens (John M. Castellano, Robin A. Forshaw, and Ellen C. Abbot, of counsel), for respondent.



Appeal by the defendant from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Queens County (Browne, J.), rendered June 25, 1996, convicting him of robbery in the second degree and criminal possession of stolen property in the fifth degree, upon a jury verdict, and imposing sentence.

ORDERED that the judgment is affirmed.

Any claim of error with respect to the court's decision to reseat a sworn juror after she had been discharged for illness is unpreserved for appellate review since the defendant never objected to this procedure or moved for a mistrial on this ground (see, People v. Finley, 236 A.D.2d 622, 654 N.Y.S.2d 664). In any event, although the court initially erred when it discharged the sworn juror in the absence of defense counsel (see, People v. Johnson, 189 A.D.2d 318, 320, 596 N.Y.S.2d 255), any prejudice to the defendant was ameliorated when the court recalled the juror and provided defense counsel with the opportunity to question her nunc pro tunc before reseating her (see, People v. Camacho, 90 N.Y.2d 558, 664 N.Y.S.2d 578, 687 N.E.2d 396; People v. Irizarry, 165 A.D.2d 715, 560 N.Y.S.2d 279).

Furthermore, in this case the trial court did not improvidently exercise its discretion in failing to impose a sanction for the prosecution's failure to turn over Rosario material, which had been destroyed. The defendant was supplied with so-called "Sprint reports" of the complainant's telephone calls to the 911 emergency number, as well as audiotapes of the police radio transmissions concerning the robbery of a taxicab driver. The defendant correctly contends that the "Sprint reports" are not the "duplicative equivalents" of 911 tapes (see, People v. Joseph, 86 N.Y.2d 565, 635 N.Y.S.2d 123, 658 N.E.2d 996). However, since the defendant's statement acknowledged that he was in the complainant's taxicab, identification was not in issue (cf., People v. Wallace, 76 N.Y.2d 953, 563 N.Y.S.2d 722, 565 N.E.2d 471; People v. Huynh, 232 A.D.2d 655, 656, 649 N.Y.S.2d 160). It was the defendant's burden to show that the inadvertent loss or destruction of the original 911 tapes prejudiced him before he was entitled to a sanction at trial (see, People v. Joseph, 86 N.Y.2d 565, 571, 635 N.Y.S.2d 123, 658 N.E.2d 996; People v. Banch, 80 N.Y.2d 610, 616, 593 N.Y.S.2d 491, 608 N.E.2d 1069; People v. Haupt, 71 N.Y.2d 929, 930-931, 528 N.Y.S.2d 808, 524 N.E.2d 129; People v. Martinez, 71 N.Y.2d 937, 940, 528 N.Y.S.2d 813, 524 N.E.2d 134). The defendant has not shown how he was prejudiced since he did not identify a single source of cross-examination that was foreclosed (see, People v. Poole, 48 N.Y.2d 144, 422...

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1 cases
  • People v. Hagen
    • United States
    • New York Court of Appeals Court of Appeals
    • May 6, 1998

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