People v. Marchese

Decision Date16 May 1988
Citation528 N.Y.S.2d 628,140 A.D.2d 547
PartiesThe PEOPLE, etc., Respondent, v. Giacomo MARCHESE, Appellant.
CourtNew York Supreme Court — Appellate Division

Iannuzzi & Iannuzzi, New York City (John Nicholas Iannuzzi, of counsel), for appellant.

Elizabeth Holtzman, Dist. Atty., Brooklyn (Barbara D. Underwood and Miriam R. Best, of counsel, Beth B. Propper, on the brief), for respondent.



Appeal by the defendant from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Kings County (Feldman, J.), rendered June 12, 1985, convicting him of criminal sale of a controlled substance in the first degree (two counts), upon a jury verdict, and imposing sentence.

ORDERED that the judgment is affirmed.

The defendant was convicted of selling over 16 ounces of heroin to an undercover officer on December 2, 1983, and another 18 ounces of heroin to the same undercover officer on January 13, 1984.

On appeal the defendant argues that the trial court violated his due process rights as well as the mandatory requirements of CPL 310.30 when, upon receipt of the deliberating jury's note asking for a definition of "entrapment", the court failed to summon the jury to the courtroom for further instructions. It was unclear whether or not the defendant was present in the courtroom when the jury's inquiry was received. The defendant further submits that he was prejudiced by the prosecutor's improper "vouching" for his main witness during summation.

The defendant's allegations are without merit. By its plain language CPL 310.30 requires that a jury's request for further instruction, be it on the law, the evidence or "other matter", must be "pertinent to the jury's consideration of the case" (emphasis supplied) before it triggers a court's obligation to reassemble the jury in the courtroom and issue further instructions in the defendant's presence. The trial court in the instant case quite properly sent a note to the deliberating jury advising it that "entrapment" was not "pertinent" to its "consideration of the case", since this defense had never been raised or even alluded to in any of the testimony. "Entrapment" was, in fact, inimical to the defense counsel's trial strategy, which sought to establish that the defendant was entirely innocent of all charges of drug possession and sale, and it is clear from the record that retained counsel afforded the defendant meaningful representation ( see, People v. Satterfield, 66 N.Y.2d 796, 799-800, 497 N.Y.S.2d 903, 488 N.E.2d 834). As part of this strategy, the defense counsel explicitly waived the reassembling of the jury upon receipt of its inquiry regarding entrapment, and urged the court simply to respond in writing that entrapment was not an issue. It is not clear from the record whether or not the defendant was absent from the courtroom during these proceedings, nor has the defendant come forward with any "substantial evidence" to rebut "the presumption of regularity" that official proceedings enjoy ( see, People ex rel. Bartlam v. Murphy, 13 N.Y.2d 1068, 1069, 246 N.Y.S.2d 215, 195 N.E.2d 894, application to amend remittitur denied 14 N.Y.2d 548, 248 N.Y.S.2d 646, 198 N.E.2d 35; People v. Richetti, 302 N.Y. 290, 298, 97 N.E.2d 908). However, even assuming that the defendant was absent, it cannot be said that he missed a material part of his trial, since the court gave the jury no "instruction" except that it declined to instruct on a defense not "pertinent" to the jury's consideration of the case ( see, People v. Mehmedi, 69 N.Y.2d 759, 513 N.Y.S.2d 100, 500 N.E.2d 610, rearg. denied 69 N.Y.2d 985, 516 N.Y.S.2d...

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  • People v. Sullivan
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • January 8, 1990
    ...154 A.D.2d 488, 546 N.Y.S.2d 32 [2d Dept., 1989]; People v. Davis, 151 A.D.2d 596, 542 N.Y.S.2d 354 [2d Dept.,]; People v. Marchese, 140 A.D.2d 547, 528 N.Y.S.2d 628; People v. Sharlow, 116 A.D.2d 603, 497 N.Y.S.2d The defendant's argument addressed to the discretionary or "interest of just......
  • People v. Mullings
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • April 12, 2011
  • People v. Lupo
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • January 13, 1992
    ...People v. Jones, 160 A.D.2d 613, 559 N.Y.S.2d 502; People v. Lawrence, 143 A.D.2d 1045, 1046, 533 N.Y.S.2d 899; People v. Marchese, 140 A.D.2d 547, 548, 528 N.Y.S.2d 628; People v. Shannon, 137 A.D.2d 850, 851, 525 N.Y.S.2d ...
  • People v. Butler
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court — Appellate Division
    • April 28, 1995
    ... ... Anthony, 24 N.Y.2d 696, 703-704, 301 N.Y.S.2d 961, 249 N.E.2d 747, rearg. denied sub nom. People v. Batten, 25 N.Y.2d 647, 306 N.Y.S.2d 1027, 254 N.E.2d 778; People v. Draksin, 145 A.D.2d 500, 501, 535 N.Y.S.2d 439, lv. denied 74 N.Y.2d 895, 548 N.Y.S.2d 428, 547 N.E.2d 955; People v. Marchese, 140 A.D.2d 547, 549, 528 N.Y.S.2d 628, lv. denied 72 N.Y.2d 1047, 534 N.Y.S.2d 946, 531 N.E.2d 666). Additionally, the prior conviction was admitted by defendant in his direct examination. In light of the admission by defendant that he had sexual intercourse with the complainant, we reject his ... ...
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