People v. Menard

CourtNew York Supreme Court Appellate Division
Citation589 N.Y.S.2d 525,187 A.D.2d 458
PartiesThe PEOPLE, etc., Respondent, v. Elizabeth MENARD, Appellant.
Decision Date02 November 1992

Bruce R. Bekritsky, Mineola, for appellant.

Denis Dillon, Dist. Atty., Mineola (Peter Shapiro and Leonard B. Chipkin, of counsel), for respondent.



Appeal by the defendant from a judgment of the County Court, Nassau County (Thorp, J.), rendered August 2, 1990, convicting her of murder in the first degree and burglary in the first degree, upon her plea of guilty, and imposing sentence.

ORDERED that the judgment is affirmed.

Contrary to the defendant's contention, the police had probable cause for her arrest. It is well settled that a police officer may arrest a person in a public place without a warrant when he or she has probable cause to believe that that person has committed a crime (see, People v. Johnson, 66 N.Y.2d 398, 402, 497 N.Y.S.2d 618, 488 N.E.2d 439; People v. Rodriguez, 168 A.D.2d 520, 562 N.Y.S.2d 759). Here, the arresting police officer heard over the radio in his patrol car that someone had been stabbed on West Broadway in Long Beach. In response to the radio communication, the officer positioned himself between the location of the crime, and a nearby combined train station, taxi stand, and bus depot. Minutes later, the officer observed the defendant running in the shadows, and hiding in some bushes. When the officer approached the defendant, he asked for her name. Only after persistent questioning did the defendant identify herself. When the officer asked what she was doing in the bushes, the defendant responded, "You're the cop. Tell me". Moreover, while speaking with the defendant, the officer noticed that there was blood on her clothing. In addition, her thumb was cut and there was dried blood on her hand. This information provided the officer with probable cause to believe that the defendant was involved with the stabbing nearby (see, People v. Johnson, supra; People v. Rodriguez, supra ).

The defendant further contends that the County Court should not have accepted her plea of guilty to burglary in the first degree and murder in the second degree (Penal Law § 125.25[3] [felony murder]. Having failed to move prior to the imposition of sentence to withdraw her plea, the defendant has not preserved for appellate review her challenge to the sufficiency of the plea allocution (see, People v. Lopez, 71 N.Y.2d 662, 668, 529 N.Y.S.2d 465, 525 N.E.2d 5; People v. McVay, 148 A.D.2d 474, 538 N.Y.S.2d 622). Thus, the defendant's claim that her factual...

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3 cases
  • People v. Leo
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • 16 Noviembre 1998
    ...and voluntarily entered his guilty plea, and there is no suggestion that the plea was improvident or baseless (see, People v. Menard, 187 A.D.2d 458, 589 N.Y.S.2d 525; People v. DeGraff, 186 A.D.2d 752, 589 N.Y.S.2d The defendant's contention that his guilty plea should be vacated due to in......
  • People v. Lisbon
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • 2 Noviembre 1992 affirmed. We disagree with the defendant's assertion that the trial court erred in denying his application at sentencing to withdraw [187 A.D.2d 458] his plea of guilty based upon claims of coercion and innocence. The determination of whether to allow a defendant to withdraw a plea of gu......
  • People v. Menard
    • United States
    • New York Court of Appeals
    • 1 Febrero 1993
    ...743 595 N.Y.S.2d 743 81 N.Y.2d 843, 611 N.E.2d 782 People v. Menard (Elizabeth) Court of Appeals of New York Feb 01, 1993 Smith, J. 187 A.D.2d 458, 589 N.Y.S.2d 525 App.Div. 2, Nassau 11/2/92 Denied ...

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