People v. Rey, 84-1404

CourtUnited States Appellate Court of Illinois
Writing for the CourtJIGANTI
Citation483 N.E.2d 982,91 Ill.Dec. 496,136 Ill.App.3d 645
Parties, 91 Ill.Dec. 496 PEOPLE of the State of Illinois, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Pedro C. REY, Defendant-Appellee.
Docket NumberNo. 84-1404,84-1404
Decision Date19 September 1985

Page 982

483 N.E.2d 982
136 Ill.App.3d 645, 91 Ill.Dec. 496
PEOPLE of the State of Illinois, Plaintiff-Appellant,
Pedro C. REY, Defendant-Appellee.
No. 84-1404.
Appellate Court of Illinois,
First District, Fourth Division.
Sept. 19, 1985.

Page 983

[136 Ill.App.3d 646] [91 Ill.Dec. 497] Richard M. Daley, State's Atty. (Linas J. Kelecius, Asst. State's Atty., of counsel), for plaintiff-appellant.

James J. Doherty, Public Defender of Cook County (Debra A. Zisook, Asst. Public Defender, of counsel), for defendant-appellee.

JIGANTI, Presiding Justice:

After a jury trial the defendant Pedro Rey was found guilty of two counts of armed robbery and two counts of unlawful restraint. Following a hearing on the defendant's motion for a new trial, the trial court indicated that after weighing the evidence it was not only granting the motion for a new trial but it was also entering a judgment notwithstanding the verdict in that the evidence did not prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. The trial court thereafter overturned the jury's verdict and found the defendant not guilty and discharged him. The State now appeals.

The defendant raises a preliminary issue with respect to the right of the State to appeal the instant case. The defendant contends that the State does not have a right to appeal from the judgment notwithstanding the verdict, because such a judgment is in effect an acquittal. The defendant argues that since the State is precluded from appealing an acquittal, then therefore this appeal should be dismissed. The State denies that the instant judgment was an acquittal under the State constitution because the judgment notwithstanding the verdict was based upon an improper evidentiary standard.

The facts and circumstances giving rise to this appeal stem from [136 Ill.App.3d 647] an incident occurring on March 12, 1983. Chi Un Jun, a victim of the alleged armed robbery, testified that on March 12, 1983, he and his wife, Kum Yung Jun, both of Korean extraction, owned and were working in

Page 984

[91 Ill.Dec. 498] Yorky's Restaurant when a Hispanic man, identified by Chi to be the defendant, entered the restaurant. After taking the defendant's order and momentarily leaving the counter area, Chi returned to find the defendant behind the counter with a gun. Chi then testified that the defendant ordered him and his wife into the back of the restaurant where he took $50 to $60 from Chi's wallet and then locked them in the bathroom. Chi then stated that from the bathroom he heard the cash register open. After Chi was able to unlock the bathroom door, he returned to the dining area to find $150 to $200 gone from the cash register as well as the security camera from the wall. He then called the police.

When the police arrived Chi gave them a description of the assailant. Chi described the man as a light-colored Hispanic, about 22 years old, 5'8"'' tall weighing between 130-140 lbs. He also stated that the man had dark brown eyes, dark hair and a mustache. The identification of the defendant with regard to facial hair will be a critical factual issue in the instant case.

Chi further testified that on July 12, 1983, the defendant returned to his restaurant. At that time, Chi stated that he recognized the defendant as the man that had robbed him. He stated that the defendant paid for a soft drink and walked out of the restaurant quickly. Chi then followed him out and wrote down the defendant's license plate number and phoned the police.

On July 19, 1983, the police came to the restaurant to show Chi some photographs. Chi was able to identify one of the photographs as that of the defendant. Chi testified that the photograph of the defendant was different from the way the defendant looked on the day of the robbery, March 12, 1983, in that the defendant did not have a mustache in the photograph. On cross-examination, Chi stated that he did not tell the police on the day of the robbery that the assailant had a beard.

Kum Yung Jun testified through an interpreter. She identified the defendant in court as the man who robbed the restaurant on March 12, 1983 and who came to the restaurant again on July 12. She was not questioned about facial hair.

The defendant then testified in his own behalf. He stated that he went to a wake on March 12, 1983. However, on March 20, 1983, while being questioned regarding another investigation, the defendant did not mention being at a wake in response to a question as to where [136 Ill.App.3d 648] he had been on March 12. On March 20, eight days after the instant robbery, the police took photographs of the defendant in connection with another investigation. The defendant testified that the photograph in which the defendant had a mustache and a goatee reflected how he appeared on March 12, the day of the robbery.

The defendant further testified that in the photographs taken of him on July 19 or 20, 1983, and then shown to Chi for purposes of identification, he had not shaved for three or four days. He also stated that at the present time he had last shaved seven days ago.

Anthony Mora, who knew the defendant and was in the restaurant...

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  • Petition for Writ of Prohibition, In re, 27
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Maryland
    • September 1, 1986 denied, 471 So.2d 44 (Fla.1985); Josey v. State, 197 Ga. 82, 93-94, 28 S.E.2d 290, 296 (1943); People v. Rey, 136 Ill.App.3d 645, 650-651, 91 Ill.Dec. 496, 483 N.E.2d 982, 986 (1985); State v. Sanders, 260 Iowa 327, 329, 149 N.W.2d 159, 160 (1967); State v. Bell, 206 Kan. 36, 37, 476......
  • Geary v. Dominick's Finer Foods, Inc., 67049
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  • People v. Clark, 118845.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Illinois
    • March 24, 2016
    ...In the course of addressing that issue, the court examined state and federal authority. The appellate court cited People v. Rey, 136 Ill.App.3d 645, 91 Ill.Dec. 496, 483 N.E.2d 982 (1985) for the proposition that the Illinois Constitution bars an appeal from a judgment of acquittal “ ‘regar......
  • People v. Clark, 1–12–3494.
    • United States
    • United States Appellate Court of Illinois
    • November 20, 2014
    ...a judgment of acquittal “regardless of whether the court's ruling [was] based upon a mistake of fact or mistake of law.” People v. Rey, 136 Ill.App.3d 645, 651, 91 Ill.Dec. 496, 483 N.E.2d 982 (1985) ; see Ill. Const. 1970, art. VI, § 6. Similarly, under the double jeopardy clauses of the U......
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