People v. Shaw

CourtNew York Court of Appeals
Writing for the CourtWACHTLER
Citation72 N.Y.2d 1032,531 N.E.2d 650,534 N.Y.S.2d 929
Decision Date27 October 1988
Parties, 531 N.E.2d 650 The PEOPLE of the State of New York, Respondent, v. Wayne E. SHAW, Appellant.

Page 929

534 N.Y.S.2d 929
72 N.Y.2d 1032, 531 N.E.2d 650
The PEOPLE of the State of New York, Respondent,
v.
Wayne E. SHAW, Appellant.
Court of Appeals of New York.
Oct. 27, 1988.

Frank J. Nebush, Jr., Public Defender, for appellant.

Barry M. Donalty, Dist. Atty. (Donald R. Gerace, Watertown, of counsel), for respondent.

OPINION OF THE COURT

MEMORANDUM.

The order of the County Court should be affirmed.

The defendant, arrested for driving while intoxicated, consented to taking a breathalyzer

Page 930

test. Prior to trial he moved to suppress the test results claiming that his Sixth Amendment rights were violated because he was not advised of his right to counsel when requested to take the test.

The trial court granted the defendant's motion and suppressed the results of the test (127 Misc.2d 530, 486 N.Y.S.2d 607). On appeal by the People, the County Court reversed (133 Misc.2d 862, 508 N.Y.S.2d 844). The defendant has appealed claiming that he was entitled to be informed of his right to counsel at the time he was asked to take the test because this constituted a "critical stage" in the proceedings under the Sixth Amendment. He notes that the statute only requires the police to inform the defendant of his right to refuse and the adverse consequences of doing so and urges that an attorney is necessary to advise him of the adverse consequences of consent so that he may make a fully informed choice.

The defendant has no constitutional right to refuse to consent to such a search (Schmerber v. California, 384 U.S. 757, 86 S.Ct. 1826, 16 L.Ed.2d 908). The right is entirely statutory and, by its terms, may be waived without an attorney's assistance (Vehicle and Traffic Law § 1194[2] ). The Sixth Amendment does not require that the defendant be afforded counsel at this stage in the proceedings. Although the defendant was called upon to waive a statutory right, it was not a critical stage in the proceedings within the meaning of the Sixth Amendment because no judicial proceedings had been initiated against the defendant at that time (Kirby v. Illinois, 406 U.S. 682, 92 S.Ct. 1877, 32 L.Ed.2d 411; People v. Claudio, 59 N.Y.2d 556, 466 N.Y.S.2d 271, 453 N.E.2d 500). The defendant's suggestion that he should be afforded the same rights as a person placed in a police lineup (United States v. Wade, 388 U.S. 218, 87 S.Ct. 1926, 18 L.Ed.2d 1149) is unavailing because the same rule applies to such proceedings; the right to counsel does not attach at a...

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30 practice notes
  • People v. Washington,
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • April 17, 2013
    ...to refuse to consent to a chemical breath test ( see People v. Smith, 18 N.Y.3d at 548, 942 N.Y.S.2d 426, 965 N.E.2d 928;People v. Shaw, 72 N.Y.2d 1032, 534 N.Y.S.2d 929, 531 N.E.2d 650;People v. Thomas, 46 N.Y.2d 100, 108, 412 N.Y.S.2d 845, 385 N.E.2d 584,appeal dismissed444 U.S. 891, 100 ......
  • People v. Benoit, 2018BX033787
    • United States
    • New York Criminal Court
    • November 15, 2019
    ...Borst , 49 Misc.3d 63, 20 N.Y.S.3d 838 citing People v. Washington , 23 N.Y.3d 228, 989 N.Y.S.2d 670, 12 N.E.3d 1099 ; People v. Shaw , 72 N.Y.2d 1032, 534 N.Y.S.2d 929, 531 N.E.2d 650 ; People v. Gursey , 22 N.Y.2d 224, 292 N.Y.S.2d 416, 239 N.E.2d 351 ; [see also VTL § 1194(2)(b) ]. While......
  • People v. Capraella, AP-2
    • United States
    • New York City Court
    • June 26, 1995
    ...in Vehicle and Traffic Law § 1194(1) and (2) are present, to refuse to submit to a police requested chemical test (see, People v. Shaw, 72 N.Y.2d 1032, 534 N.Y.S.2d 929, 531 N.E.2d 650 [1988]; People v. Goodell, 79 N.Y.2d 869, 581 N.Y.S.2d 157, 589 N.E.2d 380 [1992] People v. Thomas, 46 N.Y......
  • People v. Lucifero,
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • January 11, 2017
    ...(see Vehicle and Traffic Law § 1194[2][f] ; see People v. Smith, 18 N.Y.3d 544, 549, 942 N.Y.S.2d 426, 965 N.E.2d 928 ; People v. Shaw, 72 N.Y.2d 1032, 1033, 534 N.Y.S.2d 929, 531 N.E.2d 650 ). The only proviso is that these consequences may be imposed only if the driver has been sufficient......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
30 cases
  • People v. Washington,
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • April 17, 2013
    ...to refuse to consent to a chemical breath test ( see People v. Smith, 18 N.Y.3d at 548, 942 N.Y.S.2d 426, 965 N.E.2d 928;People v. Shaw, 72 N.Y.2d 1032, 534 N.Y.S.2d 929, 531 N.E.2d 650;People v. Thomas, 46 N.Y.2d 100, 108, 412 N.Y.S.2d 845, 385 N.E.2d 584,appeal dismissed444 U.S. 891, 100 ......
  • People v. Benoit, 2018BX033787
    • United States
    • New York Criminal Court
    • November 15, 2019
    ...Borst , 49 Misc.3d 63, 20 N.Y.S.3d 838 citing People v. Washington , 23 N.Y.3d 228, 989 N.Y.S.2d 670, 12 N.E.3d 1099 ; People v. Shaw , 72 N.Y.2d 1032, 534 N.Y.S.2d 929, 531 N.E.2d 650 ; People v. Gursey , 22 N.Y.2d 224, 292 N.Y.S.2d 416, 239 N.E.2d 351 ; [see also VTL § 1194(2)(b) ]. While......
  • People v. Capraella, AP-2
    • United States
    • New York City Court
    • June 26, 1995
    ...in Vehicle and Traffic Law § 1194(1) and (2) are present, to refuse to submit to a police requested chemical test (see, People v. Shaw, 72 N.Y.2d 1032, 534 N.Y.S.2d 929, 531 N.E.2d 650 [1988]; People v. Goodell, 79 N.Y.2d 869, 581 N.Y.S.2d 157, 589 N.E.2d 380 [1992] People v. Thomas, 46 N.Y......
  • People v. Lucifero,
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • January 11, 2017
    ...(see Vehicle and Traffic Law § 1194[2][f] ; see People v. Smith, 18 N.Y.3d 544, 549, 942 N.Y.S.2d 426, 965 N.E.2d 928 ; People v. Shaw, 72 N.Y.2d 1032, 1033, 534 N.Y.S.2d 929, 531 N.E.2d 650 ). The only proviso is that these consequences may be imposed only if the driver has been sufficient......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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