People v. Taylor, Nos. 75388

CourtSupreme Court of Illinois
Writing for the CourtMILLER
Citation207 Ill.Dec. 1,164 Ill.2d 131,646 N.E.2d 567
Docket NumberNos. 75388,75575
Decision Date19 January 1995
Parties, 207 Ill.Dec. 1 The PEOPLE of the State of Illinois, Appellant, v. Rico TAYLOR, Appellee. The PEOPLE of the State of Illinois, Appellee, v. Ray HUDSON, Appellant.

Page 567

646 N.E.2d 567
164 Ill.2d 131, 207 Ill.Dec. 1
The PEOPLE of the State of Illinois, Appellant,
v.
Rico TAYLOR, Appellee.
The PEOPLE of the State of Illinois, Appellee,
v.
Ray HUDSON, Appellant.
Nos. 75388, 75575.
Supreme Court of Illinois.
Jan. 19, 1995.

[207 Ill.Dec. 2] [164 Ill.2d 132]

Page 568

Roland W. Burris, Atty. Gen., Springfield, and Jack O'Malley, State's Atty., Chicago (Terence M. Madsen and Arleen C. Anderson, Asst. Attys. Gen., Chicago, and Renee G. Goldfarb, Barbara L. Jones and Theodore Fotios Burtzos, Asst. State's Attys., of counsel), for the People.

Michael J. Pelletier, Deputy Defender, and Anna [164 Ill.2d 133] Ahronheim, Asst. Appellate Defender, of Office of State Appellate Defender, Chicago, for appellee in 75388.

Michael J. Pelletier, Deputy Defender, and Patricia Mysza, Asst. Appellate Defender, of Office of State Appellate Defender, and Julie A. Bauer and Dane A. Drobny, of Winston & Strawn, Chicago, for appellant in 75575.

Justice MILLER delivered the opinion of the court:

In these consolidated appeals, we are asked to determine whether the conduct of defendants Rico Taylor and Ray Hudson in the shooting death of Otha Smith was sufficient to convict them of first degree murder under an accountability theory.

Following separate bench trials in the circuit court of Cook County, Taylor and Hudson were found guilty of two counts of first degree murder based on accountability (Ill.Rev.Stat.1987, ch. 38, pars. 9--1(a)(1), (a)(2)). They were subsequently sentenced to concurrent 20-year terms of imprisonment. Both defendants appealed, arguing, among other things, that there was insufficient evidence to find them guilty of murder on an accountability basis. The appellate court reversed Taylor's [164 Ill.2d 134] conviction and sentence (244 Ill.App.3d 152, 184 Ill.Dec. 878, 614 N.E.2d 79), but affirmed Hudson's conviction (No. 1--91--2102 (unpublished order under Supreme Court Rule 23)). We allowed the State's petition for leave to appeal in case No. 75388 and Hudson's petition for leave to appeal in case No. 75575. (145 Ill.2d R. 315(a).) The cases were consolidated on appeal.

FACTS

In August 1988, Hudson, Taylor, and a third defendant, Michael Page, were jointly charged by indictment with two counts of first degree murder (Ill.Rev.Stat.1987, ch. 38, pars. 9--1(a)(1), (a)(2)) and one count of armed violence (Ill.Rev.Stat.1987, ch. 38, par. 33A--2). The charges stemmed from the July 20, 1988, shooting death of Otha Smith. On Page's motion, which Taylor joined, the trial judge severed the cases for trial. Subsequently, Hudson and Page were tried separately, but by the same judge, in simultaneous bench trials. Taylor was tried in a bench trial separately by the same judge. The following evidence was adduced at the trials of Hudson and Taylor.

Theresa McCastle was at her father's home, located at 9661 South Brennan, in Chicago, when she heard gunshots. She ran to the front door and observed a white car pull up and four men get out. One of the men started shooting. She identified this man as Herbert Kendricks. She did not recognize the other men.

After Kendricks pointed the gun, McCastle saw the victim, Otha Smith, stagger from the direction in which the shots were fired. Kendricks then ran up to the victim, pointed the gun in his face, and pulled the trigger. The gun jammed and failed to fire. The victim then fell to the ground. McCastle testified that the other three individuals remained standing by the car while the shooting occurred.

Police officers subsequently arrived at the scene of [164 Ill.2d 135] the shooting and observed four black males standing over the prone body of another black male. Three of the men, including Taylor and Hudson, then ran toward a white car. The fourth man fled in the opposite direction. The three men that were running toward the car were arrested and transported to the police station. The fourth man was arrested separately.

Following his arrest, Hudson made both oral and written statements that were introduced

Page 569

[207 Ill.Dec. 3] solely against him at trial. After being advised of his Miranda rights, Hudson stated that he was a passenger in a car with Kendricks and two other individuals, whom he later identified as Taylor and Page, when Kendricks told Page to pull the car over. After Page complied, Hudson asserted that he and the three others in the car exited the vehicle. Kendricks approached the victim and shot him. Hudson stated that after the shooting he and Kendricks, with the other two individuals, drove around the block and then returned to where the victim was lying. Shortly thereafter, the police arrived, and he was arrested.

According to Hudson's written statement, he was in a car with Page and Kendricks. After the three picked up Taylor, Page said to Taylor, "Let's go get into something." Page then drove to Kendricks' home, where Kendricks went inside. At this time, Page told Hudson that Kendricks' brother had been beaten up and that Kendricks needed their help. In exchange for their help, Kendricks "would help them against somebody who had been causing [Taylor] problems." Page explained to Hudson that Kendricks "wanted the guy who beat up his brother taken out." Hudson stated that he understood "taken out" to mean that Kendricks wanted the man killed. Hudson further stated that Page told him that Kendricks would provide the guns and would let them keep the guns in return for their help.

[164 Ill.2d 136] According to Hudson's statement, when Kendricks returned to the car, Kendricks said that if he found the man who beat up his brother he was going to kill him. Before Kendricks returned, Page stated that "[Kendricks] got a pistol," and Taylor said, "Yeah he do." While they were driving, Page told Hudson that when they found the man they were looking for Hudson was to block him from escaping.

Hudson further explained in his statement that Kendricks directed Page where to drive. When they got to 9760 South Brennan, Kendricks pointed to a young man and told Page to stop. Everyone got out of the car. Kendricks went up to the man that he had pointed to, slapped him and asked him why he jumped his brother. When the man ran, Kendricks chased him while firing shots at him. Hudson asserted that after the victim fell to the ground he, as well as Kendricks, Page and Taylor, returned to the car. They drove to Kendricks' home, where Kendricks got a larger gun. They then returned to where the shooting occurred. As they pulled up, the police arrived, and they ran from Page's car.

Following his arrest, Taylor also made both oral and written statements which were introduced against him at trial. According to Officer Martin Gainer, Taylor stated:

"[H]e and the other three individuals were in a car. They were driving on Brennan. Saw Smith. The four of them exited the vehicle, approached Smith, Herbert Kendricks produced a weapon, fired at Smith. He went down and three of them got back in the car and drove around the block."

In a statement made to Officer Angelo Pesavento and Detective George Karl, Taylor asserted that he was a passenger in a car driven by Page. Kendricks was sitting in the front passenger seat of the car; Taylor was sitting in the back seat behind the driver; Hudson was sitting in the back seat on the passenger side. When [164 Ill.2d 137] they were in the area of the shooting, Kendricks told Page that he wanted him to drive around to look for the victim, a Gangster Disciple. Taylor explained that the victim had beaten up Kendricks' brother and that Kendricks wanted to kill the victim. Taylor also stated that he saw Kendricks with a gun while they were in the car.

Taylor further stated that Kendricks directed Page where to look for Gangster Disciples. They drove to the area of 96th Street and Brennan Avenue, where they observed the victim. Kendricks directed Page to pull the car over. Kendricks got out of the car, fired three shots and got back inside the car. They then drove to Kendricks' home, where Kendricks got a larger gun....

To continue reading

Request your trial
165 practice notes
  • People v. Jones, No. 1-05-3883.
    • United States
    • United States Appellate Court of Illinois
    • August 10, 2007
    ...or attempts to aid, such other person in the planning or commission of the offense." 720 ILCS 5/5-2(c) (West 2000); People v. Taylor, 164 Ill.2d 131, 140, 207 Ill.Dec. 1, 646 N.E.2d 567 (1995). To prove that defendant possessed the intent to promote or facilitate the crime, the State must p......
  • People v. Valladares, Docket No. 1–11–2010.
    • United States
    • United States Appellate Court of Illinois
    • July 24, 2013
    ...the crime are all factors that the trier of fact could consider in determining Valladares's legal accountability. People v. Taylor, 164 Ill.2d 131, 141, 207 Ill.Dec. 1, 646 N.E.2d 567 (1995). Through the gang evidence, the defense sought to explain Valladares's actions and establish that Va......
  • People v. Reeves, No. 1-06-0594.
    • United States
    • United States Appellate Court of Illinois
    • September 5, 2008
    ...Ill.Dec. 69, 566 N.E.2d 919. Active participation is not required for a guilty verdict under an accountability theory. People v. Taylor, 164 Ill.2d 131, 140, 207 Ill.Dec. 1, 646 N.E.2d 567 (1995). A jury may find a defendant accountable for another's acts if the "defendant shared the crimin......
  • U.S. ex rel. Cabrera v. Page, No. 97 C 2990.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 7th Circuit. United States District Court (Northern District of Illinois)
    • October 31, 2001
    ...intended by the co-participant or not. See People v. Cooper, 194 Ill.2d 419, 252 Ill.Dec. 458, 743 N.E.2d 32 (2000); People v. Taylor, 164 Ill.2d 131, 207 Ill.Dec. 1, 646 N.E.2d 567 (1995); see also Brumley v. Detella, 83 F.3d 856, 863 (7th Petitioner cites no authority for the proposition ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
165 cases
  • People v. Jones, No. 1-05-3883.
    • United States
    • United States Appellate Court of Illinois
    • August 10, 2007
    ...or attempts to aid, such other person in the planning or commission of the offense." 720 ILCS 5/5-2(c) (West 2000); People v. Taylor, 164 Ill.2d 131, 140, 207 Ill.Dec. 1, 646 N.E.2d 567 (1995). To prove that defendant possessed the intent to promote or facilitate the crime, the State must p......
  • People v. Valladares, Docket No. 1–11–2010.
    • United States
    • United States Appellate Court of Illinois
    • July 24, 2013
    ...the crime are all factors that the trier of fact could consider in determining Valladares's legal accountability. People v. Taylor, 164 Ill.2d 131, 141, 207 Ill.Dec. 1, 646 N.E.2d 567 (1995). Through the gang evidence, the defense sought to explain Valladares's actions and establish that Va......
  • People v. Reeves, No. 1-06-0594.
    • United States
    • United States Appellate Court of Illinois
    • September 5, 2008
    ...Ill.Dec. 69, 566 N.E.2d 919. Active participation is not required for a guilty verdict under an accountability theory. People v. Taylor, 164 Ill.2d 131, 140, 207 Ill.Dec. 1, 646 N.E.2d 567 (1995). A jury may find a defendant accountable for another's acts if the "defendant shared the crimin......
  • U.S. ex rel. Cabrera v. Page, No. 97 C 2990.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 7th Circuit. United States District Court (Northern District of Illinois)
    • October 31, 2001
    ...intended by the co-participant or not. See People v. Cooper, 194 Ill.2d 419, 252 Ill.Dec. 458, 743 N.E.2d 32 (2000); People v. Taylor, 164 Ill.2d 131, 207 Ill.Dec. 1, 646 N.E.2d 567 (1995); see also Brumley v. Detella, 83 F.3d 856, 863 (7th Petitioner cites no authority for the proposition ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT